Sodium Bicarbonate

Sodium bicarbonate has a rich history, extending thousands of years into our past. Ancient Egyptians utilized natural deposits of Natron (a mixture including sodium hydrogen carbonate) as paint for their hieroglyphics, to clean teeth, and to deal with injuries. In the late eighteenth century, sodium carbonate was produced by a pair of New York bakers as a leavening agent for home baking. They established a factory to make sodium bicarbonate from sodium carbonate and co2. As it became readily offered, sodium bicarbonate was found to be helpful in a myriad of applications. Presently, it can even be discovered worldwide Health Organization’s list of necessary medicines. A 2002 United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) publication found that most of sodium bicarbonate global applications remained in food (human and animal.) About 5% of its use remained in cosmetics. [2]


Sodium bicarbonate is utilized for the treatment of metabolic acidosis which may take place in severe renal disease, uncontrolled diabetes, circulatory deficiency due to shock or extreme dehydration, extracorporeal blood circulation of blood, cardiac arrest and extreme main lactic acidosis. Also is suggested in serious diarrhea which is frequently accompanied by a significant loss of bicarbonate. Further suggested in the treatment of particular drug intoxications, including barbiturates (where dissociation of the barbiturateprotein complex is wanted), in poisoning by salicylates or methyl alcohol and in hemolytic reactions needing alkalinization of the urine to decrease nephrotoxicity of blood pigments.


Intravenous sodium bicarbonate therapy increases plasma bicarbonate, buffers excess hydrogen ion concentration, raises blood pH and reverses the scientific symptoms of acidosis.

Mechanism of action

Sodium bicarbonate is a systemic alkalizer, which increases plasma bicarbonate, buffers excess hydrogen ion concentration, and raises blood pH, therefore reversing the medical symptoms of acidosis. It is likewise a urinary alkalizer, increasing the excretion of free bicarbonate ions in the urine, hence successfully raising the urinary pH. By keeping an alkaline urine, the actual dissolution of uric acid stones might be accomplished. Sodium bicarbonate functions as an antacid and responds chemically to reduce the effects of or buffer existing quantities of stomach acid however has no direct effect on its output. This action results in increased pH value of stomach contents, hence providing relief of hyperacidity signs. [3]

Sodium bicarbonate Nutrition Facts

The following nutrition info, for 1 teaspoon of baking soda, is offered by the USDA.1.

  • Calories: 0
  • Fat: 0g
  • Sodium: 1260mg
  • Carbohydrates: 0g
  • Fiber: 0g
  • Sugars: 0g
  • Protein: 0g
  • Carbs

You won’t find any carbs in baking soda, as this substance is simply an agent to improve the increasing power of batter when used in cooking.


Sodium bicarbonate is a fat-free cooking compound.


Sodium bicarbonate offers no protein.

Vitamins and Minerals

Despite the fact that baking soda has no calories, fat, or carbs, it does include 1,260 milligrams of salt and 1.7 grams of ash.

Americans eat roughly 3,400 milligrams of salt every day. But the Dietary Standards for Americans from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) advises consuming less than 2,300 milligrams each day, equaling about 1 teaspoon of table salt.

The ash in baking soda is called sodium carbonate, produced by 2 atoms of sodium, one atom of carbon, and three atoms of oxygen.


Baking soda has no calories. Nevertheless, this doesn’t indicate you can use as much as you want. Since cooking with baking soda is a science, you should follow recipes as they are written to prevent excessive rising in your cooking, along with an unfavorable salty soda taste. [4]

Sodium bicarbonate Health benefits

Baking soda is a natural antacid

Among the baking soda benefits consists of neutralising agent. Acid reflux is a common condition where stomach acid streams from the stomach back in to the oesophagus. This procedure of acid may irritate your oesophagus and cause heart burn, a burning sensation that can happen anywhere in between the abdominal area and throat. Sodium bicarbonate in baking soda neutralises the stomach acid and alleviates the many symptoms of heartburn and other stomach associated concerns.

Understood to be a natural alkalising agent

It is understood to be a natural alkalising representative. This non-toxic substance is used to reduce the effect of acid and swelling in the body and treat most ailments. It is one of the best natural solutions for stabilizing the body’s pH level and for improving total health. Excess acid in the body can up the threat of osteoporosis, arthritis, et al. 3. Helps alleviate urinary system infections. Sodium bicarbonate and water option is known to act as a protective barrier against urinary tract infections; it is because of its ability to minimize acid levels in urine. UTI, which is an extremely common condition that develops in ladies, this affordable remedy comes helpful to you.

Sodium bicarbonate benefits:

Baking soda and water service is known to act as a protective barrier versus UTI4. It is known to be an exercise enhancer. The lactic acid launched throughout physical activity or extensive workouts has a tendency to build up in muscles and joints, producing tightness and muscular fatigue. To prevent this from happening and affecting your physical performance, baking soda advantages concern your rescue. Consuming baking soda watered down in water can help control the condition.5. Boosts kidney functionAs an alkaline substance, baking soda reduces acid levels in the body and helps to keep the pH levels in check. According to a research study released in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (JASN), the rate of decrease in kidney function was greatly minimized – about two-thirds slower than in patients as compared to those who didn’t take sodium bicarbonate.

Deals with gout and other joint issues

High levels of uric acid in the urine and blood in tissues throughout the body cause pain and persistent illness like arthritis and gout. Baking soda assists neutralise the excess acid and is utilized as an efficient remedy.

Produces a fantastic exfoliator

Baking soda is an excellent skin exfoliator; it is mildly abrasive in nature that helps get rid of the dead skin cells and permit brand-new cell production, more giving a glow to the skin. All you require to do is to dilute sodium bicarbonate in water and apply it on your face in a circular motion. Do not use this option daily; instead, use it twice a week only.

Baking soda is an outstanding skin exfoliator: Avoids Acne

Sodium bicarbonate lowers the inflammation on the skin and lowers the opportunities of establishing acne and pimples. Its anti-bacterial properties assist prevent breakouts on the skin.3. Perfect for dark lipsKnown as a popular cleaning representative, baking soda advantages dark lips too. All you need to do is to add honey and baking soda together and mix well. Apply it on your lips for two to three minutes prior to washing it off with water.

Assists in teeth whitening

Baking soda is the most practical tooth paste that assists offer intense pearly whites. It helps eliminate the plaque on teeth, thanks to its abrasive nature. It might likewise help in getting rid of discolouration due to the alkaline power it possesses.

A standard component for hair care

While there is no scientific proof of baking soda being utilized as a best haircare solution, it is stated that this component helps soften your hairs and further promotes hair growth.This magic kitchen area active ingredient deserves more attention that it actually gets. Make certain you bring these baking soda benefits to your rescue! [5]

10 Things You Didn’t Know Sodium Bicarbonate Could Do

1. Soften meat.

Bakers frequently utilize baking soda as a leavening representative in breads and cookies, but some chefs also use it to tenderize meat. Lots of Chinese recipes call for marinading raw meat in a service of baking soda and water, which alters the meat’s pH level and keeps the meat tender as it is cooked. Ensure you use the baking soda straight to whatever meat you’re working with– instead of the meat’s skin or fat– and clean it off before cooking.

2. Polish silver.

Silver precious jewelry and utensils can be difficult to tidy, and you most likely do not wish to spend time scrubbing your silver with toxic cleansing options. For a low-cost, non-toxic cleaner, spray a quarter cup of baking soda into an aluminum foil-lined basin filled with your unclean silver products. Pour boiling water onto the silver, and let it soak till your silverware is tidy.

3. Get rid of splinters.

If you’re having trouble drawing out a splinter that’s embedded deep in your skin, don’t fret. Apply a mix of water and baking soda to the skin around the splinter, and cover it with an adhesive bandage. In a day or more, the baking soda will soften the skin around the splinter, making it simpler for you to coax the splinter out with tweezers.

4. Irrigate your sinuses.

The American Academy of Allergic Reaction, Asthma & Immunology advises that people with chronic hay fever attempt a homemade saline sinus rinse to get rid of additional mucous and allergens. Mix 3 parts iodide-free salt with one part baking soda, and add distilled or boiled (and cooled) water. Put the option into a bulb syringe, and with your head tilted, squeeze the option into each nostril.

5. Fight body odor.

If you want to make your own non-toxic antiperspirant, grab some baking soda. Spread a paste of baking soda and water under your underarms, or make a natural antiperspirant stick with coconut oil, cornstarch, baking soda, and vital oil.

6. Make your home smell much better.

You may currently keep a box of baking soda in your fridge to reduce the effects of bad smells, but don’t overlook the rest of your home. Produce a homemade air freshener by putting half a cup of baking soda and a couple of drops of an important oil into a little jar. Cover the jar with fabric, and put it in your bathroom or closet.

7. Ease scratchy bug bites.

For any irritable bug bites, you can utilize a sodium bicarbonate paste to relieve the discomfort, swelling, and irritation around the bite. Apply a mix of 3 parts baking soda and one part water to the skin on and around the bite. This service will relieve discomfort from insect bites, bee stings, and even poison ivy direct exposure.

8. Eliminate bugs.

Bugs, ants, and cockroaches who consume baking soda will pass away as the baking soda releases deadly carbon dioxide bubbles in their bodies. For more environmentally friendly bug control, sprinkle baking soda and vinegar on ant mounds, and put baking soda on plants to eliminate any bugs that may try chewing your veggies.

9. Lower dandruff.

Instead of buy an anti-dandruff hair shampoo, try cleaning your hair with baking soda. When you’re in the shower, massage a paste of baking soda and water into your hair. After a couple of seconds, wash it out. The sodium bicarbonate can get rid of excess oil and flaky skin from your scalp.

10. Eliminate moldy book smell.

Old book odor is great, however when that tasty scent passes over into musty, it’s time to reach for the sodium bicarbonate. Just put the old book in a container along with a box of baking soda; put the lid on the container and allow it to sit for numerous days. After a week has actually passed, that mildewy smell should be history (and if it’s not, just pop it back into the container for a couple of more days). [6]



Sodium bicarbonate is available on the market in the forms of:.

Baking soda

OTC antacid tablets, granules, powder, and liquid services.


The common oral dose for sodium bicarbonate used in human studies is 500 mg, 3x/day. Depending upon the seriousness of the condition, experts suggest 325-2000 mg, 1x-4x/ day. Discuss with your medical professional which dosage is most ideal to you based on your health status.

In individuals with metabolic acidosis, sodium bicarbonate is infused at doses of 50-150 mEq/L (moderate acidosis) or 90-180 mEq/L (severe acidosis) over 1-1.5 hours. Because instilled sodium bicarbonate is only given up a medical setting, your medical professional will identify the very best treatment routine. [7]

Sodium bicarbonate Side Effects

Negative effects needing immediate medical attention

Along with its needed impacts, sodium bicarbonate might trigger some unwanted results. Although the following adverse effects happen really hardly ever when this medicine is taken as suggested, they might be more likely to occur if it is taken: in big doses, for a long time, or by clients with kidney disease.

Talk to your doctor as soon as possible if any of the following negative effects happen while taking sodium bicarbonate:.

  • Regular desire to urinate
  • headache (continuing)
  • loss of appetite (continuing)
  • mood or psychological changes
  • muscle discomfort or twitching
  • nausea or throwing up
  • uneasiness or uneasyness
  • sluggish breathing
  • swelling of feet or lower legs
  • undesirable taste
  • uncommon tiredness or weakness

Side effects not needing immediate medical attention

Some side effects of sodium bicarbonate might take place that generally do not require medical attention. These side effects might disappear throughout treatment as your body gets used to the medicine. Also, your health care expert might be able to inform you about methods to prevent or decrease some of these adverse effects.

Consult your healthcare expert if any of the following adverse effects continue or are irritating or if you have any concerns about them:.

Less common

  • Increased thirst
  • stomach cramps
  • Managing side effects (general information)
  • For Healthcare Professionals
  • Applies to sodium bicarbonate: compounding powder, intravenous option, oral tablet


Metabolic adverse effects have actually included metabolic alkalosis, hypernatremia/hyperosmolarity, hypochloremia, and hypokalemia. These results have actually been related to fast or prolonged administration. Adverse effects have hardly ever consisted of intravascular volume expansion with resultant hyporeninemia and hypoaldosteronemia.

Chronic intake of bicarbonate might hardly ever trigger intravascular volume expansion with resultant hyporeninemia and hypoaldosteronemia. In this rare scenario, the serum potassium might rise.

Uncommon cases of sodium bicarbonate abuse have been connected with features of Munchausen syndrome. These patients frequently present with an otherwise unexplained hypokalemic hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis.

Hypernatremia might cause water retention, weight gain, and edema, which may be important in some clients with congestive heart failure, kidney deficiency, or extreme liver disease.


The breathing drive might be reduced after bicarbonate administration due to increased venous C02 concentration. Without appropriate ventilation, got worse systemic acidosis could establish.

Respiratory side effects have consisted of reduced respiratory drive.

Nervous system

Nerve system adverse effects have actually consisted of irritability, tetany, mental stupor, coma, and intraventricular hemorrhage.

Rapid infusion of hyperosmolar sodium bicarbonate has actually been connected with intraventricular hemorrhage in the pediatric literature.

Irritability and tetany have actually been connected with salt bicarbonate-induced alkalosis or hypernatremia.

Due to greater permeability of the blood-brain barrier to hydrogen than to bicarbonate, the pH of cerebrospinal fluid may significantly decrease during sodium bicarbonate administration, which can trigger mental stupor or coma.


Regional negative effects have actually included IV website pain, venous inflammation, and extravasation. Cellulitis, tissue necrosis, ulcer, or skin sloughing have actually possibly been the outcome of extravasation. A slow rate of administration of a properly watered down solution into a big bore needle and vein is suggested if IV administration is necessary.


Cardiovascular negative effects have consisted of reduced heart contractility possibly resulting from infusion of sodium bicarbonate in patients with severe acidosis.

Experimentally, the administration of intravenous hypertonic sodium bicarbonate has actually been connected with increased serum osmolality, decreased ionized serum calcium (which is related to reduced myocardial contractility), and peripheral vasodilation. Some experts advise intrusive hemodynamic tracking in acidotic patients prior to the administration of bicarbonate.


Intestinal side effects related to oral administration have actually seldom consisted of stomach rupture.

As an antacid, sodium bicarbonate, especially after excess food or liquid, can trigger excess gas release (when integrated with stomach acid). The death associated with gastric rupture is as high as 65%.


Urinary alkalinization from bicarbonate can trigger a wrongly favorable colorimetric assay for protein.

Kidney side effects have hardly ever consisted of “Incorrect proteinuria”. [8]

Prior to Using

In deciding to use a medication, the risks of taking the medication should be weighed versus the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medication, the following ought to be considered:.

Allergic reactions

Tell your medical professional if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Likewise tell your health care professional if you have any other kinds of allergic reactions, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or plan active ingredients thoroughly.


Antacids should not be offered to children (as much as 6 years of age) unless prescribed by a physician. This medication may not assist and might even aggravate some conditions, so make sure that your child’s problem should be treated with this medication before you utilize it.


Many medicines have actually not been studied particularly in older individuals. For that reason, it may not be understood whether they work precisely the same way they carry out in more youthful grownups or if they cause various side effects or issues in older people. There is no particular information comparing use of sodium bicarbonate in the elderly with use in other age groups.


Research studies in females recommend that this medication poses very little threat to the infant when utilized throughout breastfeeding.

Drug Interactions

Although certain medications should not be used together at all, in other cases 2 various medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your medical professional might wish to alter the dose, or other precautions may be required. When you are taking this medicine, it is especially important that your health care expert know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been picked on the basis of their prospective significance and are not always complete.

Using this medication with any of the following medications is usually not recommended, however may be required sometimes. If both medicines are recommended together, your doctor might change the dose or how frequently you utilize one or both of the medications.

  • Acalabrutinib
  • Amphetamine
  • Benzphetamine
  • Cabotegravir
  • Dextroamphetamine
  • Digoxin
  • Erdafitinib
  • Gefitinib
  • Infigratinib
  • Ketoconazole
  • Ledipasvir
  • Lisdexamfetamine
  • Mefenamic Acid
  • Memantine
  • Methamphetamine
  • Neratinib
  • Octreotide
  • Pazopanib
  • Rilpivirine
  • Selpercatinib
  • Sotorasib

Utilizing this medication with any of the following medicines might trigger an increased risk of particular negative effects, but utilizing both drugs might be the very best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your physician might change the dosage or how frequently you utilize one or both of the medications.

Other Interactions

Particular medications need to not be utilized at or around the time of eating food or eating certain kinds of food given that interactions might occur. Utilizing alcohol or tobacco with particular medicines might also cause interactions to take place. Go over with your health care professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Other Medical Issues

The presence of other medical issues might impact making use of this medicine. Make certain you inform your physician if you have any other medical issues, specifically:.

  • Appendicitis or
  • Intestinal tract or rectal bleeding– Oral kinds of sodium bicarbonate might make these conditions even worse
  • Edema (swelling of feet or lower legs) or
  • Heart disease or
  • Hypertension (high blood pressure) or
  • Kidney illness or
  • Liver disease or
  • Issues with urination or
  • Toxemia of pregnancy– Sodium bicarbonate might trigger the body to keep (keep) water, which might make these conditions even worse [9]

Unique Safety Measures and Cautions

  • Pregnancy: Sodium bicarbonate is perhaps risky when taken by mouth during pregnancy. There is some concern that it might increase the danger of water retention or pH imbalances in the tissues.
  • Breast-feeding: There isn’t sufficient trustworthy info to know if sodium bicarbonate is safe to use while breast feeding. Remain on the safe side and avoid use.
  • Kids: There isn’t enough reliable details to know if sodium bicarbonate is safe to utilize by mouth in kids. Remain on the safe side and avoid usage. Sodium bicarbonate is possibly hazardous when applied to the skin. There have actually been reports of high salt blood levels in kids following use.
  • Burns: Applying sodium bicarbonate to burns may increase burn thickness in the skin.
  • Unexpected loss of heart function (heart attack): Sodium bicarbonate doesn’t appear to assist in people who have actually had heart attack. It might decrease survival or slow down healing.
  • Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA): Sodium bicarbonate increases blood acids called ketones, which are connected with DKA. Sodium bicarbonate ought to not be utilized in people with this condition.
  • Swelling (edema): Due to the fact that sodium bicarbonate contains sodium, it can increase the risk of swelling caused by excess fluids in the body. Individuals with heart failure, liver illness, or other conditions related to fluid build-up should use sodium bicarbonate with caution.
  • High calcium levels in the blood: Individuals with high calcium levels in the blood can have problem eliminating bicarbonate. Taking sodium bicarbonate may increase the danger of problems such as milk-alkali syndrome.
  • High sodium levels in the blood: Sodium bicarbonate may increase salt levels in the blood. People who currently have high levels of salt in the blood need to avoid sodium bicarbonate.
  • High blood pressure: Sodium bicarbonate might increase high blood pressure. Individuals who currently have high blood pressure must prevent sodium bicarbonate.
  • Low potassium levels in the blood: Sodium bicarbonate may lower potassium blood levels. Individuals who currently have low levels of potassium must prevent sodium bicarbonate. [10]


If your doctor has recommended sodium bicarbonate, keep all scheduled consultations so that your response to the medication can be inspected.

It is important for you to keep a written list of all of the prescription and nonprescription (non-prescription) medicines you are taking, in addition to any items such as vitamins, minerals, or other dietary supplements. You must bring this list with you each time you visit a physician or if you are confessed to a hospital. It is also crucial info to bring with you in case of emergency situations. [11]


Our Score