Rhodiola is a plant. The root is utilized as medication.

Rhodiola is used for numerous conditions, however up until now, there isn’t enough clinical evidence to identify whether it works for any of them.

Rhodiola is utilized for increasing energy, stamina, strength and mental capacity; and as a so-called “adaptogen” to assist the body adapt to and resist physical, chemical, and environmental tension. It is also utilized for enhancing athletic performance, reducing recovery time after long exercises, improving sexual function; for anxiety; and for heart disorders such as irregular heartbeat and high cholesterol.

Some people use rhodiola for dealing with cancer, tuberculosis, and diabetes; avoiding cold and influenza, aging, and liver damage; enhancing hearing; reinforcing the nerve system; and enhancing immunity.

Rhodiola is native to the arctic regions of Europe, Asia, and Alaska. It has a long history of use as a medicinal plant in Iceland, Sweden, France, Russia, and Greece. It is pointed out by the Greek doctor Dioscorides as early as the first century advertisement.

Some individuals use the term “arctic root” as the basic name for this item; nevertheless, arctic root is in fact a trademarked name for a particular commercial extract. [1]

The History of Rhodiola Rosea

Have you ever heard of rhodiola rosea? Likewise referred to as the “golden root,” rhodiola rosea is a root that grows in the more freezing environments of northern Asia, East Europe, and the Arctic. The Vikings and Sherpa people of ancient times turned to rhodiola to enhance their strength. Over the past 70 years, rhodiola has been a very popular natural health supplement in Russia. Nevertheless, many individuals in the United States are uninformed that this root even exists. Today, we want to dive deeper into the history of rhodiola rosea:

Ancient Greece

Ancient Greek physician Dioscorides is believed to have experimented with the medical uses for rhodiola rosea in 77 ADVERTISEMENT, which he called rodia riza. His works are located in his text, De Materia Medica. Rhodiola rosea grows in frigid climates, so you might be wondering how it wound up in Greece. During the Bronze Age in Greece (13th century BCE), the Greeks crossed the Aegean Sea for trading expeditions. They made their way to the land of Colchis, which is now the Republic of Georgia, which had the perfect climate for growing the herb.

Vikings And Rhodiola Rosea

The Vikings consumed rhodiola rosea in the hopes of improving their endurance and strength. They required to keep their energy levels high so they might pillage and rob to their finest abilities.

Ancient China

In ancient China, emperors sent their constituents on expeditions to Siberia searching for “the golden root.” People brewed a tea from this herb in order to deal with colds and the flu.

Siberian Use

In Siberia, many people think that drinking rhodiola rosea tea will assist individuals live long lives. Traditionally, newlyweds are offered the herb in hopes that it will increase their fertility levels as well as motivate the birth of healthy infants. In fact, some Siberian households kept the place of their rhodiola rosea crops a secret. Never divulging the tricks to harvesting a good crop, they would trade the herb for honey, wine, and fruit.

The Name

The name “rhodiola rosea” was created by Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus in 1725. Linnaeus would prescribe this herb as a treatment for conditions such as headaches, hysteria, and even hernias.

The Household

Rhodiola rosea belongs of the sedum household (Crassulaceae), and is grown in cooler regions in Europe, Asia, and North America. This plant can be found in the mountains of eastern Europe, Switzerland, Austria, Italy, and Bulgaria. In fact, this herb even grows in the mountains of western China and Tibet. In North America, rhodiola rosea can grow in Alaska in addition to in the Rocky Mountains in Colorado, Utah, and Nevada. Think it or not, this herb is even understood to grow in Minnesota, New York, Pennsylvania, Vermont, and Maine. [2]

How It Works

Rhodiola contains a variety of potentially active compounds, including phenylpropanoids (rosavin, rosin, rosarin),; phenylethanol derivatives (salidroside [also referred to as rhodioloside], tyrosol); flavonoids (rodiolin, rodionin, rodiosin, acetylrodalgin, tricin); monoterpenes (rosiridol, rosaridin); triterpenes (daucosterol, beta-sitosterol); and phenolic acids (chlorogenic, hydroxycinnamic, and gallic acids). The existence of rosavin identifies the species R. rosea from other rhodiolas, and lots of products are standardized to rosavin content to guarantee that they contain the proper types.

There are numerous animal and test tube research studies revealing that rhodiola has both a stimulating and a sedating impact on the main nervous system (depending on intake quantity); improves physical endurance; improves thyroid, thymus, and adrenal function; safeguards the nervous system, heart, and liver; and has antioxidant and anticancer residential or commercial properties. [3]


Three cinnamyl alcohol vicianosides (rosavin, rosin, rosarin) specify to R. rosea. These substances, along with rosiridin and salidroside, are the 5 marker substances that should be present to reliably identify R. rosea. R. rosea extract used in most clinical trials was standardized to a minimum of rosavins 3% and salidroside 0.8% to 1%, the naturally taking place ratio in the plant. The phenylethanol derivatives salidroside (rhodioloside) and tyrosol have been discovered in the underground part of the plants. Flavonoids in R. rosea consist of rhodiolin, rodinin, rodiosin, acetylrodalgin, and tricin, in addition to other catechins and proanthocyanidins. Monoterpenes include rosiridol and rosaridin, and triterpenes consist of daucosterol and beta-sitosterol. Terpenes and unpredictable substances have actually been separated from R. rosea and include the essential oil parts of monoterpene hydrocarbons, monoterpene alcohols and straight-chain aliphatic alcohols, N-decanol, geraniol (responsible for the rose-like smell), linalool, nonanal, decanal, nerol, and cinnamyl alcohol. Phenolic acids, including chlorogenic, hydroxycinnamic, and gallic acids, are likewise present.

Adaptogenic impacts

Plant adaptogens, such as those from R. rosea, improved psychological and physical performance through stimulatory impacts on different physiological systems. R. rosea’s use in conventional Ayurvedic medication for adaptogenic properties has actually been taken a look at.

Animal information

rosea increased the survival of freshwater snail eggs versus induced stressors, consisting of heat shock and oxidative and heavy metal stress.14 When administered to rats, injections of the plant extract prevented stress-induced elevations of beta-endorphins, adrenocorticotropic hormonal agent, cortisol, insulin, thyroxin, and triiodothyronine. R. rosea provided to rats increased swimming time as much as 159%, with enhancement continuing throughout the supplements duration.

Medical information

Clinical trials assessing R. rosea for psychological and physical tiredness have reported conflicting outcomes. Positive findings were reported in a scientific trial carried out amongst 56 physicians experiencing tiredness during night duty and amongst trainees during stressful assessment periods. Improved sleep patterns and total quality of sleep have been explained with using R. rosea. A little (N = 15), randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover study assessed the effects of a single dose of 3 mg/kg administered 1 hour prior to an exercise bicycle session that started with a 10-minute warm-up followed by a 6-mile time trial. Results were lower with R. rosea compared to placebo for the time needed to finish 6 miles, heart rate during the warm-up period but not the time trial, and clients’ rating of effort level. A systematic evaluation examining the efficacy of R. rosea for physical and mental fatigue reported conflicting clinical trial results for both conditions. Meta-analysis could not be performed since the studies utilized various instruments to determine fatigue. In addition, research studies had either a high threat of bias or reporting flaws that might have compromised their validity. A placebo-controlled scientific trial evaluated the effect of R. rosea on tiredness for 42 days in 48 nursing students doing shift work. In this research study, both a visual analog scale for fatigue and the RAND-36 Vitality subscale showed that R. rosea increased tiredness.

Other trials assessing the effect of R. rosea on physical efficiency recommended a favorable impact; nevertheless, latest trials have reported no result on time to exhaustion, cardiovascular outcomes, tissue hypoxia, exercise-induced muscle damage, postponed start of muscle soreness, plasma cytokines, or rate of adenosine triphosphate turnover for R. rosea extracts. [4]

Advantages of rhodiola

1. It can help in reducing stress

“adaptogens like rhodiola rosea increase the body’s versatility and durability to tension, empowering us to better manage and react to times of elevated stress,” lucking describes. “rhodiola promotes stress reduction by modulating and adapting how our nervous systems reacts to severe stress.”

2. It can improve physical endurance

Rose cites a study that shows rhodiola might enhance workout performance. “it does this by minimizing the understanding of effort,” she says. “put simply, rhodiola might lower your heart response during physical activity.” lucking adds that taking rhodiola before you exercise may help you to increase speed and oxygen capacity.

3. It can also help your cognitive performance

“scientific studies have actually found that rhodiola assisted with psychological fatigue and complex cognitive and perceptive functions,” lucking states. “this includes elements like short-term memory, computation, concentration, associative thinking, and audio-visual perception.”

4. It can lower depression

Rhodiola has actually been studied for its antidepressant residential or commercial properties and is thought to work because of its capability to support healthy neurotransmitter function. “rhodiola might hinder an enzyme called monoamine oxidase (mao),” lucking says. “mao is involved in the oxidative breakdown of neurotransmitters consisting of serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine. The substances in rhodiola likewise act as antioxidants, securing particular neurotransmitters and boosting their function.”

5. It helps in reducing fatigue

“tiredness is multifaceted. It can express itself physically and mentally,” increased says. “rhodiola might assist to enhance how the body responds to tension on a psychological level. It does this by lowering fatigue and normalizes stress hormonal agents in the body.”

6. It may have a favorable impact on blood sugar level stability and metabolic dysfunction

Lucking says the salidroside in rhodiola function as a natural anti-oxidant in our body and might protect our pancreatic beta cells from oxidation. “when evaluated in a research study, the outcomes showed that this anti-inflammatory substance enhanced blood sugar level levels and relieved oxidative tension,” she explains. “rhodiola might also stabilize blood glucose by increasing the number of glucose receptors on our cells. This helps clear our blood of glucose rapidly and prevent the impacts of chronic high blood sugar and insulin release. The systems can assist to regulate various synergistic paths that control oxidative stress, inflammation, mitochondria, autophagy, and cell death, along with amp-activated protein kinase (ampk) signaling that is connected with possible helpful results on metabolic disorders.”

7. It might support immune function

“animal studies show that rhodiola might enhance immune function,” rose states. “it does this by improving leukocyte count. White blood cells protect the body against germs, infections, and other foreign intruders. However, until animal research is equated into human studies, whether rhodiola can really enhance the human body immune system remains unclear.”

8. It may avoid cancer

There is some appealing evidence that rhodiola has cancer prevention benefits. “the molecular systems of rhodiola rosea extracts’ action have been studied together with one of its bioactive substances, salidroside, for anti-cancer properties,” lucking says. “rhodiola rosea extracts and salidroside alone have both showed potential anti-cancer mechanisms, particularly in colon, breast, bladder, and liver cancer.” [5]

Rhodiola For What Ails You?

What can you tell me about rhodiola? I’ve heard it’s supposed to prevent tiredness and ease anxiety. Do you think it is worthwhile? If so, how much should one take?

Rhodiola (Rhodiola Rosea), often called Arctic root or golden root, is considered an adaptogenic herb, indicating that it acts in non-specific methods to increase resistance to stress, without disturbing typical biological functions. The herb Rhodiola rosea grows at high altitudes in the arctic locations of Europe and Asia, and its root has been utilized in standard medicine in Russia and the Scandinavian countries for centuries. Research studies of Rhodiola rosea’s medicinal applications have actually appeared in the clinical literature of Sweden, Norway, France, Germany, the Soviet Union and Iceland. Rhodiola rosea is still widely used in Russia as a tonic and solution for tiredness, poor attention span, and decreased memory; it is also thought to make employees more efficient. In Sweden and other Scandinavian countries it is used to increase the capability for mental work and to boost general strength and vigor.

When it comes to rhodiola extract advantages, a 2002 evaluation in HerbalGram, the journal of the American Botanical Council, reported that many research studies of rhodiola in both humans and animals have actually indicated that it helps prevent tiredness, stress, and the harmful impacts of oxygen deprivation. Proof also suggests that it acts as an antioxidant, enhances immune system function, and can increase sexual energy. Rhodiola’s efficacy was verified in a 2011 evaluation of 11 placebo-controlled human research studies. The customers considered research studies that all had study designs ranked as moderate to good quality, and the analysis of their combined information concluded that Rhodiola rosea may have beneficial impacts on physical efficiency, psychological efficiency, and particular psychological health conditions. The customers kept in mind that extremely couple of adverse occasions are reported, suggesting an excellent security profile. [6]

What we don’t learn about Rhodiola extract

While some studies claim to have examined the use of Rhodiola in cancer treatment, the majority of have taken a look at the effect on animals or under lab conditions just– never ever in people. Performing an appropriate research study in people with cancer can be bothersome for scientific and ethical factors. So, while there’s currently no strong proof for using Rhodiola as a treatment for cancer in people, future research study might reveal additional health benefits.

Is Rhodiola rosea an adaptogen?

Rhodiola rosea is thought about to be an adaptogen, indicating it might help your body deal with mental and physical stress factors. Conventional Ayurvedic and Chinese medicine think about adaptogens to be compounds that satisfy a person’s specific needs, whatever they might be (Khanum, 2006).

Unfortunately, sound scientific approaches have yet to confirm this amazing quality in any substance. However as the health care and health industry continues to expand, more interest is being directed towards determining what benefits– if any– these substances can bring to the table (Smith, 2018).

And while adaptogens might not have any scientific proof (yet), that hasn’t stopped scientists from striving to see what advantages they may offer. Scientific trials have actually been developed to evaluate much of these herbs’ supposed abilities, consisting of alleviating stress, improving focus, combating cancer, and beating nerve system decrease. [7]

Dose and Preparations

The recommended adult dose for capsule type of rhodiola rosea is 100 to 300 mg daily. There is inadequate scientific proof to recommend making use of rhodiola rosea in children.

You should read the item label about the proper dose and seek advice from a healthcare provider to get personalized suggestions.

What to Search for

Rhodiola rosea is usually taken in capsule form, however it is also offered in other forms such as extracts and teas.

If you pick to buy a rhodiola supplement (or any supplement), the National Institutes of Health (NIH) recommends that you try to find a Supplement Information label on the product that you purchase.

This label will include vital information consisting of the amount of active ingredients per serving, and other added components like fillers, binders, and flavorings.

Last but not least, the company recommends that you try to find an item that contains a seal of approval from a 3rd party company that supplies quality screening. These companies consist of U.S. Pharmacopeia, ConsumerLab.com, and NSF International. A seal of approval from among these companies does not ensure the product’s security or efficiency however it does provide guarantee that the product was appropriately manufactured, consists of the ingredients listed on the label, and does not include harmful levels of impurities. [8]

Dangers and negative effects

Though its therapeutic results have yet to be proven, the studies on Rhodiola rosea all seem to agree that any adverse effects are mild.

Adverse effects have actually included:

  • lightheadedness
  • dry mouth
  • sleep issues
  • jitteriness

Jitteriness is a specific issue amongst those vulnerable to anxiety who take greater dosages of the supplement.

As it has a moderate stimulant-type impact, Rhodiola rosea is not recommended for individuals who have bipolar affective disorder or who are taking other stimulants.

One articleTrusted Source suggests that individuals can take the herb on an empty stomach thirty minutes prior to breakfast and lunch. Preventing it in the evening may help in reducing sleep problems during the night. [9]

How to Take

Supplementation of rhodiola rosea tends to refer to either the SHR-5 extract in particular or a comparable extract, any that confers both 3% rosavins and 1% salidroside.

Use of rhodiola as a daily preventative against tiredness has actually been reported to be reliable in doses as low as 50mg.

Acute use of rhodiola for tiredness and anti-stress has been noted to be taken in the 288-680mg range.

As rhodiola has been shown to have a bell-curve reaction before, it is advised to not go beyond the aforementioned 680mg dose as higher dosages might be ineffective. [10]

Safety of rhodiola

Existing research study findings suggests that rhodiola is safe and well tolerated. Recent medical studies attribute couple of serious side effects to rhodiola.

However, as of mid-2021, the Fda (FDA) had issued six letters of warning to makers of rhodiola supplements (32Trusted Source). Issues dealt with in the warnings included:

  • purity
  • branding
  • making unwarranted health claims
  • not being authorized as new drugs

The FDA regulates dietary supplements as foods, not drugs. It does not permit any supplement to claim to cure, treat, or avoid an illness.

All supplements, including rhodiola, may have unfavorable side effects. This is especially true if the rhodiola is impure or combined with other herbs. Rhodiola may also communicate with other medications you may take or aggravate another medical condition. Likewise, its effects have not been evaluated in kids, pregnant people, or other susceptible groups.

Quality issues can emerge when buying natural supplements. If you buy supplements, particularly online, evaluate the source carefully. Also, check with a medical professional to be sure the supplement is safe for your specific health condition.


Look for third-party certifications to ensure your rhodiola supplement has not been adulterated with less expensive, less efficient active ingredients. Some research studies suggest that a dosage of 200– 600 mg each day may be effective and safe for some usages. Rhodiola, like all dietary supplements, is not FDA authorized as treatment for any condition. [11]

Unique Safety Measures and Cautions

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: There isn’t sufficient trustworthy details to understand if rhodiola is safe to utilize when pregnant or breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and prevent usage.

Autoimmune illness: Rhodiola may stimulate the immune system. This may aggravate autoimmune diseases, such as numerous sclerosis (MS), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and others. [12]


Rhodiola rosea is extensively thought about safe with minimal side effects. It has a large range of recorded health take advantage of supporting moods to increasing energy levels. Its uses in standard medication provide a peek into its possible recovery capabilities.

It’s a great idea to talk to a doctor, discover an herbalist, or read up on adaptogens that you think might work for you. [13]


  1. https://www.rxlist.com/rhodiola/supplements.htm
  2. https://www.ameriden.com/blog/the-history-of-rhodiola-rosea/
  3. https://wa.kaiserpermanente.org/kbase/topic.jhtml?docId=hn-3956007
  4. https://www.drugs.com/npp/rhodiola-rosea.html
  5. https://thethirty.whowhatwear.com/health-benefits-of-rhodiola/slide14
  6. https://www.drweil.com/vitamins-supplements-herbs/supplements-remedies/rhodiola-for-what-ails-you/
  7. https://ro.co/health-guide/rhodiola-rosea-benefits/
  8. https://www.verywellmind.com/how-is-rhodiola-rosea-used-to-treat-anxiety-3024972
  9. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/319619#risks-and-side-effects
  10. https://examine.com/supplements/rhodiola-rosea/#how-to-take
  11. https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/rhodiola-rosea
  12. https://www.eatthis.com/rhodiola-benefits/
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