Mangosteen is a dark reddish-purple fruit of southeastern Asia with a thick skin and juicy flesh having a flavor suggestive of both peach and pineapple.

Also: a tree (Garcinia mangostana) of the Saint-John’s- wort household that bears mangosteens. [1]

The history

The progressive increase in awareness of the mangosteen beyond the Malay Archipelago, its native range, was a long and sluggish procedure. The few explorers who traversed the seas of Southeast Asia had more pressing issues to contend with than trying to transport back to Europe and later the Americas an exotic fruit that was so disposable and vulnerable. Even the seeds pass away in a week or so if allowed to dry. There were much easier ways to earn money. Spices, nuts, rare-earth elements, gems, plant and animal pharmaceuticals and hard goods were all more able to make the long ocean journey back with little decrease in quality. Nevertheless, live mangosteen plants were tried prior to the 1800’s.

Probably the best bibliography of the historical references to the mangosteen was put together by Cora L. Feldkamp in 1946. This extensive collection consisted of, in her words, “referrals on all aspects of the mangosteen- botany, culture, illness and insects, varieties, composition, nutritious worth, cookery, hazardous effects, uses, economics, etc” Much of the website counted on the comprehensive work done by Cora L. Feldkamp. It supplied a vast introduction of the history of the mangosteen and its stable march towards modern-day times and higher familiarity in the Western Hemisphere and Europe.

The earlier transportation of plants beyond their native range needed a great deal of planning and after that luck when the mode of transportation was a boat on the open seas. Beyond the usual basic need of food and weapons, live plant transportation called for more intricate steps i.e. Refitting the ship deck, lining the hull with copper to ward off seaborne wood parasites, creating special plant cases or developing greenhouses on deck, saving additional fresh water, and so on. A few of the earlier plant explorers did prosper admirably in getting their accessions back to their house nations or nests. In some cases the accessions changed ships in transit when a homeward-bound vessel aided a fellow compatriot in getting their collected product back to the mother country. And sometimes the gathered product ended up being the home of a different nation as a result of piracy. In this regard, the Spanish, French, Dutch, British, Portuguese and others all vied for control of various areas of the world and strove to produce monopolies in any and all commodities. The spice trade, furs, gums and waxes, natural dyes, ivory, silk, cotton and coffee consisted of much of the cargo at sea in those times. A progressive trend was emerging where the control of a product was more workable for a colonial power than outright control of the people of a nest or ownership and treaties for this purpose was plentiful. In the years following their loss in the Revolutionary War, the British set to the job of exploring and reinforcing their grip on specific trade routes on the seas. Plants were not just transported back to home countries from afar (3 ). Numerous colonizers likewise took plants and animals the other method, ‘seeding’ the islands along the paths to attempt and guarantee a food supply in both directions and a way of barter also. Horses, pigs and goats existed as gifts to secure specific trade opportunities and the result was a movement of germplasm of many types outside of their native varieties that would never be allowed today. The focus of this web site, the mangosteen, was just a bit player in this drama but contributed however.

The records that detail the motion of the mangosteen during the 18th and 19th century show that the very first intro of the mangosteen in the UK goes back to someone called Anton Pantaleon Hove. A. P. Hove (alternately Hoveau) was a Pole dispatched by Sir Joseph Banks to go and try to ‘get’ some better stress of cotton seeds from Gujarat, India. Obviously among his procurements were mangosteen plants that made it back to Plymouth, England in 1789 and which were then moved to Kew. Sir Joseph Banks, whose widespread popularity and renown resulting from his accompanying Captain Cook on his very first exploration, was then head of the Royal Botanical Gardens at Kew and president of the Royal Society. Banks was really actively involved throughout this duration in directing, seeking advice from on and often personally funding jobs involving both plant and animal introductions. Gradually however definitely, the effort was being made to introduce the mangosteen into the Western Hemisphere.

With regard to the history of the mangosteen, it should be kept in mind that it was the other plant under consideration in an 18th century publication entitled “A description of the mangostan and the bread-fruit” by John Ellis (mangostan was the word for the mangosteen in the Molucca Islands). The year was 1775 and John Ellis was utilizing his knowledge of the tropics as a fellow of the Royal Society Of London to expound upon the botanical treasures of far off Africa and the Malay Island chain. The initial intent of this work was to notify his Majesty “The Earl of Sandwich, First Lord of the Admiralty of Terrific BRITAIN” of a possibility that “appears conducive to the advantage of any part of the British Empire …”.

Ellis makes reference to Laurent Garcin, a French naturalist who took a trip through the area in question gathering and explaining the native plants in general and the mangosteen in particular. Linnaeus, a regular reporter with Ellis, honored the work of Laurent Garcin by calling the genus Garcinia that includes the mangosteen after him. It is the radiant description of the mangosteen fruit by Garcin, Rumphius, and others that led Ellis to place it alongside the breadfruit as a prospect for retrieval and planting in the British nests of the Caribbean. The publication of this paper was intended to encourage the funding of an exploration to the “East Indies” to bring back these two plant species, the mangosteen and the breadfruit, to the West Indies for planting and cultivation. In this it was successful. The specific picked for this journey based upon the conclusions of this publication was none aside from Captain Bligh. The British federal government in 1787 notified the West India Committee, a British plantation owners’ lobbying organization in competitors with the Royal Society of the Arts, that they would provide funding for this expedition. They bought a ship commissioned as the “Bounty” for this function. As many know, Bligh needed more than one effort however did ultimately be successful in bringing back the bread fruit on the ship Providence. For this Bligh got the Gold Medal from the Royal Society of the Arts in 1793. Breadfruit then became commonly established throughout the Caribbean and Latin America. The exact same success and prestige might not be stated for the other candidate in John Ellis’ work, the mangosteen, at that time.

The references to the mangosteen stay somewhat sparse from completion of the 18th century to the mid-19th century. One event that stands out is that of the very first documented fruiting of the mangosteen in the United Kingdom in 1855. This task was achieved at Syon Park, the ancestral home of the Dukes of Northumberland, by their highly proficient garden enthusiast John Ivison. The greenhouse complex was heated to keep a consistent tropical temperature level to balance out the temperate British climate and this was managed in what were then referred to as range homes. The seeds were gotten, so the short article goes, by a Captain White from Calcutta in 1833. Based on this and other short articles around that period, the timeframe would be that flowers formed on one or both of the two trees grown in large tubs in November of 1854. This would work out about right for fruit approximately 120 days or more later on. It was specified that the tree with the flowers was about 15′ high and 9′ large (a field grown tree in the tropics can produce at a much smaller sized size and in less years) however to pull this off in a greenhouse was rather an accomplishment. It was acknowledged as such by the Royal Horticultural Society at the time. The fruit received the Gold Banksian Medal, the very first time such an honor was attached to a single fruit. It is declared by numerous website that Queen Victoria remained in participation when the fruit was presented however in point of fact there is no proof of that and the Queen more than likely was not. This would have been too newsworthy for the press to have actually ignored it in the posts of the time and none substantiate this claim. The Royal Archives just recently discovered a letter from Eleanor, the Duchess of Northumberland, addressed to Queen Victoria describing that based upon her (Eleanor’s) glowing description of the mangosteen to the Queen at a subsequent event, “… I now venture to ask to be allowed to send to your Majesty, a Fruit of the Mangosteen, which has never been understood to fruit out of its own country; and this is therefore an item of really great interest and interest amongst Botanists.” Why would she use to send one if the Queen had currently been at any event based upon the fruit of the mangosteen? This letter is from Might 7, 1855 and there is no recorded proof at this time that the Queen ever received the fruit or tried it if it showed up. A good day to be a court cup! So it is possible that Queen Victoria tried a sample sent over to her by Eleanor, Duchess of Northumberland, however there is no recorded evidence of invoice at this time or tasting of the mangosteen by the Queen in 1855. None whatsoever. [2]


The mangosteen tree is very slow-growing, erect, with a pyramidal crown; attains 20 to 82 ft (6-25 m) in height, has dark-brown or almost black, flaking bark, the inner bark consisting of much yellow, gummy, bitter latex. The evergreen, opposite, short-stalked leaves are ovate-oblong or elliptic, tough and thick, dark-green, slightly shiny above, yellowish-green and dull underneath; 3 1/2 to 10 in (9-25 cm) long, 1 3/4 to 4 in (4.5-10 cm) broad, with obvious, pale midrib. New leaves are rosy. Flowers, 1 1/2 to 2 in (4-5 cm) wide and fleshy, may be male or hermaphrodite on the exact same tree. The previous remain in clusters of 3-9 at the branch tips; there are 4 sepals and 4 ovate, thick, fleshy petals, green with red areas on the outside, yellowish-red inside, and many stamens though the aborted anthers bear no pollen. The hermaphrodite are borne singly or in sets at the ideas of young branchlets; their petals might be yellowish-green edged with red or mostly red, and are quickly shed.

The fruit, capped by the popular calyx at the stem end and with 4 to 8 triangular, flat remnants of the stigma in a rosette at the pinnacle, is round, dark-purple to red-purple and smooth externally; 1 1/3 to 3 in (3.4-7.5 cm) in size. The rind is 1/4 to 3/8 in (6-10 mm) thick, red in cross-section, purplish-white on the within. It consists of bitter yellow latex and a purple, staining juice. There are 4 to 8 triangular sectors of snow-white, juicy, soft flesh (in fact the arils of the seeds). The fruit might be seedless or have 1 to 5 totally developed seeds, ovoid-oblong, somewhat flattened, 1 in (2.5 cm) long and 5/8 in (1.6 cm) wide, that cling to the flesh. The flesh is a little acid and moderate to distinctly acid in taste and is acclaimed as exquisitely luscious and delicious.


According to Corner, the fruit from seedling trees is relatively consistent; only one unique variation is understood which remains in the Sulu Islands. The fruit is bigger, the skin thicker than typical, and the flesh more acid; the taste more pronounced. In North Borneo, a relatively wild form has just 4 carpels, each including a fully-developed seed, and this is most likely not distinct.


The mangosteen is ultra-tropical. It can not endure temperature levels listed below 40º F (4.44 º C), nor above 100º F (37.78 º C). Nursery seedlings are killed at 45º F (7.22 º C).

It is limited in Malaya to elevations below 1,500 feet (450 m). In Madras it grows from 250 to 5,000 feet (76-1,500 m) above sea-level. Attempts to develop it north of 200 latitude have all stopped working.

It ordinarily requires high atmospheric humidity and a yearly rains of at least 50 in (127 cm), and no extended periods of drought. In Dominica, mangosteens growing in an area having 80 in (200 cm) of rain yearly needed unique care, however those in another locality with 105 in (255 cm) and soil with better wetness- holding capacity, flourished.


The tree is not adapted to limestone and does best in deep, rich organic soil, particularly sandy loam or laterite. In India, the most efficient specimens are on clay including much coarse product and a little silt. Sandy alluvial soils are unsuitable and sand low in humus adds to low yields. The tree needs excellent drainage and the water level should have to do with 6 ft (1.8 m) below ground level. Nevertheless, in the Canal Zone, efficient mangosteen groves have actually been established where it is too wet for other fruit trees– in swamps requiring drain ditches between rows and in situations where the roots were bathed with flowing water the majority of the year, in spite of the fact that standing water in nursery beds will kill seedlings. The mangosteen needs to be protected from strong winds and salt spray, as well as saline soil or water.


Technically, the so-called “seeds” are not real seeds however adventitious embryos, or hypocotyl tubercles, inasmuch as there has been no sexual fertilization. When growth starts, a shoot emerges from one end of the seed and a root from the other end. But this root is short-lived and is changed by roots which establish at the base of the shoot. The procedure of recreation being vegetative, there is naturally little variation in the resulting trees and their fruits. A few of the seeds are polyembryonic, producing more than one shoot. The specific nucellar embryos can be separated, if wanted, before planting.

Inasmuch as the portion of germination is directly related to the weight of the seed, just plump, completely developed seeds ought to be chosen for planting. Even these will lose viability in 5 days after elimination from the fruit, though they are practical for 3 to 5 weeks in the fruit. Seeds crammed in lightly dampened peat moss, sphagnum moss or coconut fiber in airtight containers have remained viable for 3 months. Only 22% germination has been realized in seeds packed in ground charcoal for 15 days. Soaking in water for 24 hr speeds up and improves the rate of germination. Normally, growing takes place in 20 to 22 days and is complete in 43 days.

Because of the long, fragile taproot and bad lateral root development, transplanting is infamously difficult. It must not be attempted after the plants reach 2 feet (60 cm). At that time the depth of the taproot may surpass that height. There is greater seedling survival if seeds are planted directly in the nursery row than if first grown in containers and after that transplanted to the nursery. The nursery soil need to be 3 ft (1 m) deep, a minimum of. The young plants take 2 years or more to reach a height of 12 in (30 cm), when they can be taken up with a deep ball of earth and set out. Fruiting might happen in 7 to 9 years from planting however normally not for 10 or even twenty years.

Conventional vegetative proliferation of the mangosteen is challenging. Various techniques of grafting have failed. Cuttings and air-layers, with or without growth-promoting chemicals, usually stop working to root or lead to warped, brief plants. Inarching on various rootstocks has appeared appealing in the beginning but later incompatibility has been evident with all other than G. Xanthochymus Hook. F. (G tinctoria Dunn.) Or G. Lateriflora Bl., now typically used in the Philippines.

In Florida, approach-grafting has prospered only by planting a seed of G. Xanthochymus about 1 1/4 in (3 cm) from the base of a mangosteen seedling in a container and, when the stem of the G. Xanthochymus seedling has actually become 1/8 in (3 mm) thick, joining it onto the 3/16 to 1/4 in (5-6 mm) thick stem of the mangosteen at a point about 4 in (10 cm) above the soil. When the graft has recovered, the G. Xanthochymus seedling is beheaded. The mangosteen will make great development having both root systems to grow on, while the G. Xanthochymus rootstock will develop very bit.


A spacing of 35 to 40 feet (10.7-12 m) is suggested. Planting is ideally done at the start of the rainy season. Pits 4 x 4 x 4 1/2 feet (1.2 x l. 2 x l. 3 m) are prepared a minimum of 1 month beforehand, improved with raw material and topsoil and delegated weather. The young tree is put in place really carefully so as not to injure the root and provided a heavy watering. Partial shading with palm leaves or by other methods ought to be kept for 3 to 5 years. Indian growers give each tree routine feeding with well-rotted manure– 100 to 200 lbs (45-90 kg)– and peanut meal– 10 to 15 lbs (4.5-6.8 kg) overall, annually.

A few of the most worthwhile mangosteen trees are growing on the banks of streams, lakes, ponds or canals where the roots are nearly constantly damp. Nevertheless, dry weather condition just before blooming time and throughout flowering induces a great fruit-set. Where a damp planting site is not readily available, irrigation ditches should be dug to make it possible to preserve a sufficient water system and the trees are irrigated practically daily throughout the dry season.

In Malaya and Ceylon, it is a typical practice to spread a mulch of coconut husks or leaves to maintain wetness. A 16-in (40-cm) mulch of turf brought back trees that had started dehydrating in Liberia. It has been recommended that small inner branches be pruned from old, unproductive trees to stimulate bearing. In Thailand, the tree is stated to take 12 to 20 years to fruit. In Panama and Puerto Rico trees grown from large seed and offered great culture have borne in 6 years.

Season and Harvesting

At low altitudes in Ceylon the fruit ripens from May to July; at higher elevations, in July and August or August and September. In India, there are 2 unique fruiting seasons, one in the monsoon period (July-October) and another from April through June. Puerto Rican trees in full sun fruit in July and August; shaded trees, in November and December.

Cropping is irregular and the yield differs from tree to tree and from season to season. The very first crop may be 200 to 300 fruits. Average yield of a mature tree is about 500 fruits. The yield gradually increases as much as the 30th year of bearing when crops of 1,000 to 2,000 fruits might be obtained. In Madras, private trees in between the ages of 20 and 45 years have borne 2,000 to 3,000 fruits. Efficiency gradually declines thereafter, though the tree will still be fruiting at 100 years of age.

Ripeness is evaluated by the full development of color and small softening. Selecting may be done when the fruits are a little underripe however they should be completely mature (industrialized) or they will not ripen after selecting. The fruits must be harvested by hand from ladders or by means of a cutting pole and not be permitted to fall.

Keeping Quality

In dry, warm, closed storage, mangosteens can be held 20 to 25 days. Longer durations cause the external skin to strengthen and the skin to become rubbery; later on, the rind solidifies and ends up being hard to open and the flesh turns dry.

Ripe mangosteens keep well for 3 to 4 weeks in storage at 40º to 55º F (4.44 º-12.78 º C). Trials in India have actually revealed that optimal conditions for freezer are temperatures of 39º to 42º F (3.89 º-5.56 º C) and relative humidity of 85 to 90%, which keep quality for 49 days. It is suggested that the fruits be covered in tissue paper and jam-packed 25-to-the-box in light wood crates with excelsior cushioning. Fruits chose somewhat unripe have been shipped from Burma to the UK at 50º to 55º F (10º-12.78 º C). From 1927 to 1929, trial shipments were made from Java to Holland at 37.4 º F (around 2.38 º C) and the fruits kept in good condition for 24 days.

Bugs and Illness

Couple of bugs have been reported. A leaf-eating caterpillar in India might possibly be the same as that which attacks new shoots in the Philippines and which has actually been recognized as Orgyra sp. Of the tussock moth family, Lymantridae. A small ant, Myrnelachista ramulorum, in Puerto Rico, colonizes the tree, tunnels into the trunk and branches, and damages the brand-new growth. Termites often deface the fruits with little bites and scratches. Completely ripe fruits are assaulted by monkeys, bats and rats in Asia.

In Puerto Rico, thread blight caused by the fungi, Pellicularia koleroga, is often seen on branchlets, foliage and fruits of trees in shaded, damp areas. The fruits might become layered with webbing and messed up. In Malaya, the fungus, Zignoella garcineae, triggers “canker”– tuberous growths on the branches, causing a fatal dying-back of foliage, branches and ultimately the entire tree. Breakdown in storage is triggered by the fungi Diplodia gossypina, Pestalotia sp., Phomopsis sp., Gloeosporium sp., and Rhizopus nigricans.

A significant physiological problem called “gamboge” is evidenced by the exuding of latex onto the external surface of the fruits and on the branches during durations of heavy and continuous rains. It does not impact consuming quality. Fruit-cracking might occur because of excessive absorption of wetness. In split fruits the flesh will be swollen and mushy. Bruising caused by the force of storms may be an important factor in both of these abnormalities. Fruits exposed to strong sun might likewise radiate latex. Mangosteens produced in Honduras typically have crystal-like “stones” in the flesh and they may render the fruit completely inedible. [3]

Nutritional Value Of Mangosteen

  • Calories: 63
  • Protein: 0.5 g
  • Dietary Fiber: 1.8 g
  • Carbs: 17.91 g
  • Calcium: 10mg
  • Protein: 0.41 g
  • Iron: 0.36 mg
  • Water: 81g
  • Fat: 0.4 g
  • Vitamin A: 35IU
  • Vitamin C: 2.9 mg [4]

Health Benefits of Mangosteen

It may avoid cancer

Mangosteen plants contain couple of organic substances. One of those compounds is xanthones. According to research studies, xanthones have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory residential or commercial properties that might help in preventing and dealing with cancer-causing cells. In addition, depending on their structures, xanthones exhibit a wide variety of biological features. They consist of antihypertensive, antioxidative, antithrombotic, and anti-cancer homes.

These substances prevent the oxidative tension of cells because of antioxidants in them. Oxidative stress refers to the imbalance between oxygen and free radicals in the body. Free radicals are highly reactive and unsteady molecules. Their instability triggers the procedure of oxidative stress. It eventually damages the cells and their vital parts like the cell membrane, DNA, proteins and so on. Oxidative stress leads to severe conditions like cancer, heart problem and diabetes.

In addition to xanthones, mangosteen also consists of Vitamin C and folate. Based on research, these substances are also antioxidants and are therefore valuable in handling cancerous cells.

Controls Blood Sugar

Insulin is the hormonal agent responsible for controlling the sugar level in the body. Insulin resistance happens when cells in different parts of the body like the liver, fat and muscles fail to absorb glucose from the blood. This condition develops an imbalance in blood glucose levels, resulting in diabetes.

Enhances Immune System

A healthy immune system is of terrific significance for the proper functioning of the body. Subsequently, it secures the body from hazardous bacterias, viruses, bacteria, and toxic substances released by them. Therefore, it is important to have a robust immune system to fend off any health problem.

Mangosteen is a great source of vitamin C. Vitamin C is frequently referred to as ascorbic acid and is water-soluble. According to research studies, it helps in maintaining a healthy immune system. However, because our body can not produce vitamin C, we need to get it from our everyday foods.

Vitamin C is an important nutrient. It supports numerous cellular functions of our body’s adaptive immune systems, reinforcing the body immune system. As an antioxidant, it can help the body fight totally free radicals, lowering inflammation and increasing immunity. In addition, Vitamin C aids in the healing of injuries and the repair and upkeep of healthy skin, gums, teeth and bones and cartilage (a hard tissue covering the bones).

Folate is a type of Vitamin B. It is an important component for producing and promoting healthy cells in our bodies. In addition, folate enhances the immune system. Based on studies, folate consumption increases the production of T cells that increase the body’s immune action.

Preserves Healthy Skin

The anti-inflammatory and antioxidant nature of mangosteen promotes healthy skin. The skin’s renewal procedure decreases by swelling. Anti-oxidants help the skin rejuvenate itself and fix damage by decreasing swelling. Vitamin C, a constituent of mangosteen, assists enhance collagen development, essential for younger skin.

Great lines, wrinkles, loose skin, acne breakouts, etc, are all signs of oxidative stress. As a result, they break down collagen, hinders the skin’s natural repair work process, and triggers swelling. Anti-oxidants can help avoid and fix these indications by neutralising complimentary radicals, offering skin a more vibrant appearance.

Free radicals and regular sun exposure can activate changes in the production of skin’s melanin. As a result, the skin develops dark areas and uneven skin tone. Antioxidants can help avoid irregular skin pigmentation by reducing photodamage. Some antioxidants (like vitamin C) likewise obstruct tyrosinase, an enzyme that promotes the generation of melanin.

Contains Antibacterial Characteristic

Mangosteen’s antimicrobial residential or commercial properties prevent the growth of a broad range of germs and fungis. For example, mangosteen contains xanthones that avoid microorganisms like E. Coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa (which causes pneumonia, utis, and other infections in human beings).

Xanthones have a distinct chemical structure known as the tricyclic aromatic system, linked to antibacterial activity. It is likewise handy against both typical and antibiotic-resistant Staphylococcus aureus germs, which results in different diseases in human beings. Like boils and abscesses on the skin, pneumonia, and joint infections. Mangosteen fruit extracts likewise avoid the development of Mycobacterium TB (the tuberculosis-causing germs).

Prevents Heart Disease

Inflammation increases the development of plaque and blood clots in arteries triggering stroke and cardiac arrest. Our body takes these plaques as a foreign substance. They ought to not be in the blood vessel. The body attempts to separate the plaque from the flowing blood. However, it in some cases so happens that the plaque ruptures, permitting its walled-off components to connect with blood, leading to the development of a blood clot.

The obstruction of arteries in the heart by blood clots triggers a heart attack. Based on studies, mangosteen has anti-inflammatory residential or commercial properties. As a result, it limits C reactive protein level that triggers swelling.

Healthy Mangosteen Recipe

1. Thai Design Fruit Salad

  • Serving: 1
  • Cooking Time: 15 mins


  • Hot chilli: 6
  • Garlic: 1 Clove
  • Lime Juice: 1/2 tablespoon
  • Fish sauce: 1/2 tbsp
  • Palm sugar: 1/2 tablespoon
  • Blended fruits including mangosteen: 2/3 cups
  • Nuts: 1/2 cups
  • Blanched Prawns: 5


  1. Slice or shred all the fruits you have, such as mangosteen, carrots, tomatoes, beans, corn and grapes.
  2. Grind the chilli and garlic in a mortar and pestle. Include as lots of chillies as you want, depending on how spicy you desire.
  3. Add lime juice, palm sugar and fish sauce to the crushed chilli and garlic. Then blend it.
  4. Include this mixture to the sliced fruits along with the blanched prawn. Serve with nuts as toppings.

2. Mangosteen Chia Healthy Smoothie Bowl

  • Servings: 1
  • Cooking time: 5 minutes.


  • Chia seeds (taken in water for an hour); 1 tablespoon
  • Mangosteens: 2
  • Half mango
  • Blended seeds: 1 tablespoon
  • Milk: 1 cup
  • Ice cubes


  1. Mix drenched chia seeds, mangosteen, mango, blended seeds, milk and a few ice cubes in a blender up until it becomes smooth and thick.
  2. Add some jaggery to the puree if you want to.
  3. Put the smoothie in a bowl and garnish it with fruits and nuts. [5]

Mangosteen: 7 Unforeseen Side Effects Of The Tropical Fruit

May Decrease Blood Clotting

Mangosteen has actually been discovered to decrease blood clotting. It can increase the danger of bleeding in vulnerable individuals. This is specifically true when the fruit is brought with certain drugs that increase the danger.

Consuming mangosteen may also increase the risk of bleeding throughout or after surgery. Avoid taking it at least 2 weeks before an arranged surgical treatment.

May Cause Lactic Acidosis

Lactic acidosis is a medical condition defined by the accumulation of lactate within the body. This happens due to the development of excessively low ph in the bloodstream. This indicates the build-up of excess acid within the body’s system.

A study highlights severe lactic acidosis that happens due to making use of mangosteen juice as a dietary supplement. Based on anecdotal reports, the symptoms related to this condition might consist of weakness and nausea. If left without treatment, this condition can result in an acid accumulation in the body to dangerous levels– causing shock and death.

May Hinder Chemotherapy

Animal research studies have actually shown the anticancer results of mangosteen. But research studies on humans are yet to be carried out. Mangosteen products are frequently marketed to cancer patients as dietary supplements.

Some research study shows that these supplements may hinder cancer treatment and adversely impact blood sugar level levels. In another report, particular antioxidant supplements were found to lower the efficiency of traditional radiation therapies.

As mangosteen supplements are typically marketed for their antioxidant potential, it is important to work out care.

May Cause Gastrointestinal Issues

Some research has actually revealed subjects experiencing gastrointestinal signs after taking in mangosteen for over 26 weeks. Some of these signs included bloating, diarrhea, gastric reflux, and constipation.

May Cause Sedation

The derivatives of mangosteen triggered depression and sedation in rats. The results had likewise resulted in reduced motor activity. Nevertheless, more studies in human beings are required to establish these effects.

May Cause Allergies

There is limited evidence if mangosteen can cause allergies. But anecdotal evidence recommends that it might cause reactions in individuals sensitive to the fruit. If you experience any response after taking in mangosteen, stop consumption and visit your medical professional.

May Cause Issues During Pregnancy

The security of mangosteen during pregnancy or breastfeeding is not yet established. Thus, stay safe and prevent use. You may consult your doctor concerning the exact same.

The majority of the adverse impacts of mangosteen are yet to be developed by concrete research. If you are usually susceptible to allergies or reactions, you might want to talk to your doctor prior to taking the fruit.

Why Is Mangosteen Banned?

Mangosteen was prohibited in the United States by the FDA because it could be a host to import Asian fruit flies into the nation. The ban was raised owing to precautionary irradiation of the fruit, which was a treatment done to sanitize it. The approach of irradiation is still under controversy in spite of its claims that it does not jeopardize with the taste and nutrition of the fruit.

However, food supplements consisting of mangosteen continue to be prohibited by the United States FDA. Such supplements are primarily unregistered, and not much is understood if they might trigger any negative effects. [6]


Medications that slow blood clot (Anticoagulant/ Antiplatelet drugs) Interaction Rating: Moderate Beware with this combination.Talk with your health company.

Mangosteen might slow blood clotting and boost bleeding time. Taking mangosteen along with medications that also slow clotting might increase the possibilities of bruising and bleeding.

Some medications that slow blood clotting include aspirin, clopidogrel (Plavix), dalteparin (Fragmin), dipyridamole (Persantine), enoxaparin (Lovenox), heparin, ticlopidine (Ticlid), warfarin (Coumadin), and others. [7]

Unique Preventative Measures and Cautions

When taken by mouth: Mangosteen is potentially safe when considered approximately 12 weeks. It may cause irregularity, bloating, nausea, vomiting, and exhaustion.

When applied to the gums: Mangosteen gel is possibly safe.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: There isn’t sufficient trusted details to know if mangosteen is safe to utilize when pregnant or breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid usage.

Bleeding conditions: Mangosteen might slow blood clot. Taking mangosteen might increase the risk of bleeding in individuals with bleeding conditions.

Surgical treatment: Mangosteen might slow blood clot. Taking mangosteen might increase the threat of bleeding throughout or after surgical treatment. Stop taking mangosteen 2 weeks before surgery. [8]
Mangosteen triggers allergies in some individuals and hence it is encouraged for you to stay away from this fruit, in case you are prone to hypersensitivity. [9]

The bottom line

Mangosteen is a small purple fruit that grows in Southeast Asia. It is challenging to grow and import into the U.S.

Research studies have suggested that the fruit has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. However, there is not yet enough evidence to conclusively prove this.

Some medications include mangosteen as an active ingredient. These consist of drugs for weight problems and gum illness. People who are pregnant, nursing, have a blood disorder, or are about to have an operation should avoid mangosteen-based medicines. [10]


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