Table of Contents
Other name( s):
Champignon dansant, champignon des fous dansants, champignon maitake, dancing mushroom, grifola, grifola frondosa, hen of the woods, hongo maitake, king of mushrooms, maitake, monkey’s bench, mushroom, roi des champignons, shelf fungis.
Maitake mushroom is a fungi that has actually been consumed as food in asia for thousands of years. People also use it to make medicine.
Maitake mushroom is utilized to deal with cancer and also to alleviate some of the adverse effects of chemical treatment (chemotherapy) for cancer. It is also used for hiv/aids, chronic fatigue syndrome (cfs), liver disease, hay fever, diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, weight loss or control, and infertility due to a condition called polycystic ovary syndrome.
If you choose to harvest maitake mushrooms, make sure you can tell them apart from poisonous mushrooms. This job is most likely best delegated experts.
How does it work?
Maitake mushroom includes chemicals which may help battle tumors and promote the immune system. There is some evidence that it can reduce high blood pressure, enhance cholesterol levels, lower blood glucose levels, and decrease weight in rats, but this has actually not been revealed for human beings yet. (1 ).
What health benefits are tied to maitake mushroom?
Compared to other mushrooms, maitake has revealed better lead to preventing and treating cancer and other health conditions. Maitake likewise has a favorable result on overall immunity.
Maitake mushrooms are abundant in:.
The mushrooms are likewise:.
Scientists are currently studying the special method the mushroom supports total health and battles health problem.
What the research says
Lab research suggests that maitake may be effective in treating specific health problems. More studies are needed to confirm its result on people, however the existing findings are promising.
A 2013 study shows that maitake d-fraction could be useful in avoiding and dealing with breast cancer. Scientists recommend that this mushroom can fight the growth and recreation of malignant cells.
Maitake mushroom has been shown to reduce tumor development in mice. It can also increase the variety of cells fighting versus the tumor. This recommends that it could likewise be effective in managing cancer in human beings when taken orally.
An earlier study discovered maitake d-fraction, which is an extract, to be efficient in killing human cancer cells. It was taken together with a protein that likewise fights cancer and was successful in increasing the protein’s effectiveness.
Researchers in a 2013 study found that maitake powdered extract lowered cholesterol levels in mice. It was also shown to increase fats that supply energy. Because of this, researchers thought that consuming maitake mushroom may help keep arteries healthy.
Type 2 diabetes
The outcomes of a 2015 study showed that maitake mushroom can have a favorable effect on rats with type 2 diabetes. During the research study, maitake mushroom usage had a positive impact on glucose levels of rats. This indicates the mushroom’s capacity to deal with type 2 diabetes in human beings.
Maitake mushroom might likewise be useful in treating:
- Cold and flu viruses
- High or low blood pressure
- Immune function
- Negative effects of chemotherapy (2 )
The maitake mushroom is found in northeastern japan but likewise grows and is cultivated in the united states and europe. It is a basidiomycetes fungus in the polyporaceae household (synonym, polyporus frondosus penis. Ex french fries). The maitake mushroom grows in clusters near the foot of oak trees and can reach 50 cm in base diameter. One bunch can weigh up to 45 kg (100 pounds). Maitake has a rippling, flowery appearance looking like dancing butterflies, thus one of its typical names, dancing mushroom.
The polysaccharide beta-glucan is present in low quantities (0% to 0.2%) 2 in the majority of the mushrooms in the polyporaceae household (eg, reishi mushroom) and has antitumor activity. The d portion of beta-glucan appears to be the most active and potent kind of the polysaccharide, a protein-bound extract established in japan. An md-fraction has now been explained, also, with supposedly superior activity. Both structure-functional relationship and fractionation by anion exchange chromatography of beta-glucan8 have been reported.
Neutral, acidic, and water-soluble polysaccharides have actually been drawn out from maitake, and their structure has been figured out. 2 different glycan conformations have actually been acquired from the plant. The beta-1,3- glycan grifolan conformation has actually been clarified using magnetic resonance spectroscopy.
Ascorbic acid analog and glycoside studies have been reported. A lectin from maitake has actually been isolated and identified. In addition, a grifolisin enzyme and the enzyme phytase have been explained and lysophosphatidylethanolamine has been recognized in studies examining apoptosis in neuronal cells.
Structural characterization of maitake extract constituents and carbon-13 nuclear magnetic resonance analysis of the fruit body’s constituents have been performed.
Disease-prevention dosages of industrial preparations range from 12 to 25 mg of the extract and 200 to 250 mg or 500 to 2,500 mg of whole powder daily. A trial amongst hiv-positive patients used dosages of 6 g/day whole powder or 20 mg cleansed extract with 4 g entire maitake powder. (3 ).
Traditional use (might not be supported by scientific research studies)
Historically, maitake has actually been used as a tonic and adaptogen (a substance that rejuvenates or enhances the system). Together with other “medical” mushrooms, such as shiitake and reishi, maitake was used as a food to help promote wellness and vitality.
Parts used & where grown
Maitake is a huge mushroom, which grows deep in the mountains of northeastern japan, in addition to in north america and europe. Famous for its taste and health benefits, maitake is also known as the “dancing mushroom.” 1 legend holds that those who discovered the unusual mushroom began dancing with pleasure. Others associate its name to the method the fruit bodies of the mushroom overlap each other, giving the appearance of dancing butterflies.
Maitake is exceptionally sensitive to environmental modifications, which have actually presented lots of difficulties to those cultivating this mushroom. Nevertheless, japanese farmers have actually prospered in producing premium organic maitake mushrooms, permitting larger schedule both in japan and the u.s. The fruiting body and mycelium of maitake are used. (4 ).
Maitake mushroom nutrition truths
One cup of diced raw maitake mushrooms (70g) consists of 22 calories, 0.1 g of fat, 4.9 g of carbs, and 1.4 g of protein. Maitake are an excellent source of vitamin d, phosphorus, and potassium. The following nutrition details for one cup of raw, diced maitake mushrooms (70g) is provided by the usda.
- Calories: 22
- Fat: 0.1 g
- Salt: 0.7 mg
- Carbohydrates: 4.9 g
- Fiber: 1.9 g
- Sugars: 1.5 g
- Protein: 1.4 g
- Vitamin d: 20mg
- Phosphorus: 52mg
- Potassium: 143mg
One 70 gram serving of maitake mushrooms consists of 4.9 grams of carbohydrates. The exact same serving size of maitake mushrooms provides 1.9 g of fiber and 1.4 g of sugar.
For the serving size, this makes maitake mushrooms a high-fiber food. The fiber types offered by maitake mushrooms consist of β-glucans (beta-glucans), chitin, and heteropolysaccharides.
Maitake mushrooms consist of little fat, with just 0.1 gram of fat per serving, none of which is saturated or transfat.
Maitake mushrooms consist of only 1.4 grams of protein in a 1-cup (70g) serving. Maitake mushrooms are not a total protein source, suggesting they lack some of the vital amino acids.
Minerals and vitamins
As with other mushroom ranges, maitakes include several vitamins and minerals. A 70-gram serving offers 20mg of vitamin d, 52mg of phosphorus, 0.5 mg of zinc, 7mg of magnesium, and 143mg of potassium. They likewise include a number of b vitamins, consisting of 14.7 mcg of folate. Maitakes are also an excellent source of plant-based choline (35mg).
A one-cup (70g) serving of maitake mushrooms includes 22 calories with 74% of those calories coming from carbohydrates, 21% from protein, and 5% from fat.
Maitake mushrooms are a nutrient-dense food low in calories, carbohydrates, and fat. Maitake mushrooms are a plant-based source of vitamin d, b vitamins, choline, and zinc, which are typically discovered regularly in animal sources. They also offer other minerals such as phosphorus, magnesium, and potassium. (5 ).
Maitake green tea
Green tea is a healthy powerhouse and research reveals it can assist you live longer and much healthier. There are numerous ranges of green tea and all can be used for this mushroom tea recipe. Japanese green teas will lend a sweeter, more vegetal flavor while chinese green teas will be more earthy and strong. Shiitake mushrooms can be substituted for maitake if required.
- 10 grams maitake mushrooms
- 1 teaspoon vanilla extract or 1/2 a vanilla bean
- 1 tablespoon loose leaf green tea
- 8 ounces hot water
- Heat water in a big pot up until it reaches a boil.
- Add the maitake mushrooms and steep for 10 to 15 minutes.
- Turn heat to medium before adding vanilla and green tea leaves.
- Steep for 5 more minutes.
- Strain the tea leaves and mushroom pieces using a great mesh strainer. Delight in! (6 )
Why consume maitake tea?
Believe it or not, maitake tea is made with maitake mushrooms. They grow wild in parts of japan, china, and the United States and Canada and have been utilized in traditional medicine for thousands of years, thanks to its impact on general health and energy levels.
Why discover how to make maitake tea?
First things initially: there are great deals of reasons that including maitake tea to your diet plan can enhance your health. But don’t forget– maitake is powerful.
Speak with your doctor about whether maitake mushrooms are right for you since they can connect with other treatments. If you’re prepping for (or recuperating from) surgery, it’s a great concept to offer maitake a miss for a month or so. In the meantime, take a look at these potential benefits:.
Maitake tea for the body immune system
When it comes to antioxidants, maitake loads a punch. Not just that, maitake is high in beta-glucan, d-fraction, md-fraction, and sx-fraction. These are protein polysaccharides that have been found to have a positive impact on the immune system. Entering flu season and with other bugs on the radar, you might do well to add maitake to your program.
Remember, both fresh, liquid and powdered mushrooms hold high antioxidant levels– and mushrooms have stacks of other benefits, too.
Maitake tea for heart health
Another powerful polysaccharide in maitake mushrooms is beta glucan. This fungi gem can help reduce your ldl cholesterol (the “bad” one) without affecting your triglyceride (” good”) cholesterol levels.
You most likely currently understand that having high cholesterol levels isn’t great news. However minimizing your cholesterol can boost your artery functionality and lower your risk of cardiovascular disease. Much better cardiovascular health is absolutely good news!
Maitake tea for blood sugar level
A 2015 research study discovered that maitake mushrooms had favorable effects on rats with type 2 diabetes. Further study is required, however it points to maitake’s capacity to help with type 2 diabetes and healthy blood sugar levels in humans.
How to make maitake tea
If you’re keen on an easy, no hassle way to get the advantages of maitake tea, just add a teaspoon of powdered maitake medical mushrooms to whatever you’re drinking. Our creator, graham, is also a fan of the yoghurt approach. We asked him to elaborate and he stated “you simply put it in your yoghurt,” which seems easy enough.
If you like something with a bit more pizazz, try these recipes on for size.
Organic maitake tea
Stir 1/2 to one teaspoon of maitake medical mushroom powder into 250ml of warm water. Sweeten to taste with honey or stevia– then take a lap around the garden. Mint, sage, and lemon all make great additions to maitake tea. If you choose a creamier beverage, usage hot milk or a milk replacement of your option.
Make your maitake tea a hot chocolate
Combine hot water with 1/2 to one teaspoon of maitake medical mushroom powder. Permit this mix to steep for a couple of minutes. Top up with 1/4 cup of milk or milk alternative, a teaspoon raw cacao, and a teaspoon of honey.
Blitz in the mixer for a foamy top. (7 ).
Do not take if
You are taking blood sugar-lowering medications: maitake may increase their results in type-2 diabetic patients.
You are taking warfarin: according to a case report, maitake can communicate with warfarin leading to a raised worldwide stabilized ratio (inr). (8 ).
The dangers of maitake mushroom supplements
An extract of the maitake mushroom called maitake d-fraction is frequently sold as a supplement in tablet, capsule and liquid kind. Other commonly offered supplements consist of powdered, freeze-dried maitake mushrooms in capsules. Supplements may be identified maitake, maitake d-fraction or beta glucan. Maitake mushrooms are likewise integrated with other components in some formulas touted to enhance the body immune system.
Promoters claim that besides usually improving the immune system, the maitake mushroom can curb tumor development and boost the results of chemotherapy in cancer patients. According to the american cancer society, much of the maitake’s track record as an immune system strengthener depended on folklore up until current decades, when researchers began studying the mushroom. Maitake d-fraction has actually shown positive results on the immune system in laboratory and animal studies. There have actually not been enough medical research studies to draw conclusions about maitake mushroom supplements’ advantages and risks to people.
Dangers of maitake supplements
Eaten as food in typical quantities, maitakes more than likely do not posture a danger unless you’re allergic to them, according to the american cancer society. There’s inadequate proof to determine any risks of taking maitake mushroom supplements in medical amounts, and the susan g. Komen structure advises against taking maitake if you’re pregnant or breast-feeding. Individuals with an immune condition need to likewise proceed meticulously. A small study of breast cancer patients reported in the “journal of cancer research study and clinical oncology” in 2009 discovered that liquid maitake extracts enhanced some immune system functions however depressed other immune functions. Maitake might also position dangers to individuals with low high blood pressure, bleeding disorders or diabetes, according to the komen foundation.
Interactions with drugs
Due to the fact that they may increase bleeding, beware about taking maitake mushroom supplements if you are likewise taking blood-thinning medications such as warfarin. Komen also advises against blending maitake mushroom supplements with diabetes or blood pressure medications. Consult your doctor before taking the mushroom supplements if you are on drugs that may connect with the maitake. (9 ).
Supplement-drug interactions can be harmful and, in unusual cases, even dangerous. Always consult your medical professional prior to supplementing and let them learn about all drugs and supplements you are utilizing or thinking about.
One case report recorded a probable interaction between maitake d-fraction and a blood thinner, warfarin.
Due to their anti-diabetic and blood pressure-lowering impacts, maitake supplements might connect with drugs for these conditions.
If you’re taking any of the above drugs, ensure not to take maitake supplements before speaking with your doctor. (10 ).
Medications for hypertension (antihypertensive drugs) interacts with maitake mushroom
Maitake mushroom may lower blood pressure. Taking maitake mushroom in addition to medications that lower high blood pressure might trigger high blood pressure to go too low. Monitor your high blood pressure carefully.
Medications for diabetes (antidiabetes drugs) interacts with maitake mushroom
Maitake mushroom may lower blood sugar levels. Taking maitake mushroom together with diabetes medications might trigger blood glucose to drop too low. Screen your blood sugar level carefully.
Special precautions and warnings
Pregnancy and breast-feeding: there isn’t enough trusted info to know if maitake mushroom is safe to utilize when pregnant or breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid usage.
Surgery: maitake mushroom may affect blood glucose levels, making blood glucose control difficult during and after surgery. Stop using maitake mushroom a minimum of 2 weeks prior to a scheduled surgery. (11 ).
When purchasing maitake:
Try to find extracts standardized to the d-fraction of maitake (stemmed from a polysaccharide called beta glucan). Business preparations typically supply 3 to 25 mg of standardized d– or md-fraction plus 75 to 250 mg entire powder per capsule.
Disease-prevention dosages of industrial preparations vary from 12 to 25 mg of the extract and 200 to 250 mg or 500 to 2,500 mg of whole powder daily.
None specified. Might think about half the adult dose in children aged 6-12 years.
Dr. Dwayne says:
I’m a great follower in the immune-enhancing and cancer-protective residential or commercial properties of asian mushrooms, including maitake. It is edible and scrumptious, and part of the recommendations in my anti-inflammatory food guide pyramid. You ought to have the ability to find it dried or fresh in japanese markets, premium shops, or high end supermarkets or as extracts. (12 ).
Maitake is an edible mushroom consumed commonly in asia as food and used in traditional medication to treat diabetes and hypertension. Its extracts are commercially readily available as dietary supplements marketed to “improve immune function” and to treat hiv and cancer. Beta 1,6-glucan, a protein bound polysaccharide, has been identified as the active constituent. Maitake extracts showed hypoglycemic effects in a few studies. Initial information also suggest that they might work in inducing ovulation in clients with polycystic ovary syndrome.
In other studies, maitake demonstrated antitumor results, improved bone marrow nest formation, minimized doxorubicin toxicity, and prevented growth transition in vitro. In murine designs, orally administered extracts promoted maturation of hematopoietic cells to functionally active myeloid cells and enhanced peripheral blood leukocyte recovery following chemotoxic bone marrow injury; and safeguarded versus cyclophosphamide-induced immunosuppression. An unique polysaccharide, mzf, was revealed to cause dendritic cell maturation and improved antitumor response; a selenium-enriched polysaccharide enhanced the antitumor activity of 5-fu; and a mix of polysaccharides and vitamin c was reported to cause apoptosis and autophagy in human hepatoma cells. Maitake also boosted interferon activity versus bladder cancer cells and reduced inflammation connected with inflammatory bowel illness.
Furthermore, a maitake portion revealed antileishmanial impacts; and a maitake polysaccharide has actually been reported to ameliorate lipid metabolic conditions by modulating gut microbial phylotypes and by controling genes associated with hepatic lipid and cholesterol metabolism.
In a little non-controlled research study, growth regression or substantial enhancements in symptoms were observed in half of the subjects who took maitake extract. In a trial of postmenopausal breast cancer patients, oral administration of a maitake extract was revealed to have immunomodulatory results; and to improve neutrophil and monocyte function in clients with myelodysplastic syndrome. More studies are underway to examine maitake’s anticancer potential. (13 ).