Table of Contents
Liposomes are spherical shells comprised of a double layer of fats comparable to the natural layer that makes up the outer membrane of the body’s cells. This bilayer can be used to encapsulate nutrients or pharmaceutical drugs for security from harmful stomach acids and reduced resistance for absorption. As soon as encapsulated the vitamin c can not leave the liposome up until the phospholipid bilayer is disrupted e.g. Absorption/breakdown in the body.
The liposome protects its contents versus the severe acids of the stomach and enables simpler absorption in the stomach and greater intestinal tract. Once taken in from the gut breakdown of the liposome takes place and contents of the liposome are launched into the bloodstream. The phosphatidylcholine-enriched lipids that are frequently utilized in the production of liposomes are utilised elsewhere in the body for the production of new cells.
Why utilize liposomal vitamin c?
The absorption rate of liposomal vitamin c rises to 85% with the majority of liposomal items however rises to 91% with nutrivitality.
Absorption reaches these levels due to the protective impacts of the liposome. The contents of the stomach are aqueous in nature meaning it can not go through the hydrophobic layers of the liposome. This first of all permits more vitamin c to be readily available to the body as less is ruined. Second of all, the liposome has more affinity for absorption than vitamin c alone and is taken up quicker by the body.
Liposomes are rapidly becoming more commonplace in the shipment of targeted treatments and other liposomal supplements are going through trials for efficiency, such as n-acetyl-carnitine and curcumin.
There are many benefits for vitamin c supplements which we’ll be covering in later blog sites. Liposomal vitamin c items give rise to a brand-new line of effective supplements increasing the efficiency off supplementation as much as 13 times in some cases.
Why choose liposomal vitamin c?
About vitamin c supplements
Vitamin c supplements are the most commonly utilized supplement in the uk. The majority of vitamin c items are either desiccated tablets or effervescent products. While these products usually include 1g of vitamin c, the body just takes in about 7-8% of the total amount. This indicates that for every gram of vitamin c that is ingested, only 70-80mg is taken in, and plasma vitamin c levels stay reasonably low. (1 ).
There’s little doubt that vitamin c is of terrific advantage to the body. However, how you take in vitamin c makes a big difference in the quantity your body is able to take in and utilize (a feature of all supplements called “bioavailability”).
Liposomal (or pro-liposomal) vitamin c is an innovative alternative for high-dose vitamin c. In between 14-30% of the vitamin c consumed in supplement kind is in fact absorbed by the body. That number can vary considerably depending on your own vitamin c needs and the kind of supplements you take. Taking in five portions of raw foods high in vitamin c per day, such as berries, kiwi, broccoli and citrus, will supply sufficient vitamin c. Adding extra vitamin c in the form of ascorbic acid, the equivalent kind of vitamin c discovered naturally in foods, will increase blood levels even more, however natural absorption of vitamin c above the intake of about 200 mg reduces greatly with increasing dosages by as much as 50%. This may be because our bodies use certain transporters of vitamin c in the small intestine called sodium-dependent vitamin c transporters (svct -1) which will absorb effectively just as much as a certain point and this absorption is controlled by our bodies depending on the level of vitamin c in plasma (blood). In addition, any excess taken in vitamin c is destined to be excreted in urine to maintain a small tight control on plasma concentrations. This is where liposomal vitamin c has an advantage.
Liposomes are phospholipid consisting of microscopic spheres that carry vitamin c at their core. Their absorption does not depend upon vitamin c transporters like svct-1 however rather on the direct combination of the liposome with the small intestinal cells resulting in the direct intracellular release of the vitamin c which ultimately ends up into the blood flow.
Not just does liposomal vitamin c have a considerably greater absorption rate than conventional vitamin c supplements, however it likewise comes with its own host of health advantages. This is because of the phospholipids used to surround, or encapsulate, the vitamin c– the extremely system that allows it to bypass the slow vitamin c transporters present in the gut. In this post, i discuss the definition of liposomes and how to select the best liposomal supplement and potential negative effects.
What are liposomes?
Liposomes are in fact similar to cells. The same phospholipids that makeup cell membranes likewise comprise the external shell of liposomes. The inner and external walls of the liposome are made up of phospholipids, the most typical being phosphatidylcholine, to produce a lipid bilayer. A double layer of phospholipids (phospholipid bilayer) creates a sphere around a liquid (water-containing) element, such as dissolved vitamin c.
Since the liposomes’ external shells mimic our cell membranes, liposomes can “fuse” with certain cells upon contact, providing the liposome’s material to the cell.
This is the scientific advantage of the liposomal delivery system.
Liposomes were discovered in the 1960s. This novel delivery system uses a targeted approach to get nutrients into the blood stream without being ruined by the gastrointestinal enzymes and acid discovered in the digestion system and stomach respectively. (2 ).
Is it really that reliable?
Indications point to yes. In two research studies, from 2016 and 2019, scientists kept in mind higher vitamin c bioavailability (as determined by blood plasma concentrations) when it was encapsulated in liposomes compared to an un-encapsulated type. Another research study from 2019 discovered that white blood cells soaked up around 50% more vitamin c from a liposomal vitamin c product than a non-liposomal item.
Beyond the increased absorption, liposomal vitamin c doesn’t have distinct perks over other kinds. Just like regular vitamin c, it might assist combat oxidative tension, improve immune function, improve collagen production, boost iron absorption, and support general cardiovascular and brain health. But due to the fact that you’re taking in more, it may just assist your body do these things more effectively and successfully. (3 ).
What’s the difference in between standard vitamin c and liposomal vitamin c?
” regular” vitamin c, also referred to as ascorbic acid, is what you’ll discover in the majority of vitamin c supplements as a powder, tablet, or capsule.
This kind of vitamin c is water soluble, implying it’s soaked up in water. Although our bodies include a great deal of water, the structure of our cells is made from lipids– fat. As we understand, oil (fat) and water do not mix; they drive away each other. This implies that water soluble vitamin c is not soaked up very well into our cells where it is most needed.
Just very low doses of basic vitamin c can be well soaked up by the body; the higher dose you take, the lower the absorption rate! At the frequently advised 1,000 mg dosage, your body can take in less than half of what you ingest. The rest is excreted mainly into the urine. This means that taking oral “megadoses” of vitamin c isn’t actually doing you much excellent, not to mention can trigger digestive upset.
Liposomal vitamin c on the other hand, is still ascorbic acid, just framed in a liposomal kind– surrounded by a lipid bilayer that enables easier access into the cell. This implies that it is even more absorbable and bioavailable in the body, ready to be utilized as required. As a supplement, you get more worth out of a liposomal formula than a water soluble formula. (4 ).
What’s the deal with liposomal vitamin c?
If you take liposomal vitamin c, you’ll still get the normal advantages of taking a vitamin c supplement. Have a look at these supplement-specific benefits:.
- Immune action. Vitamin c itself is essential for correct immune reaction. When it comes to supplements, some studies have actually shown that high dose vitamin c supplements may help reduce the duration and severity of the acute rhinitis, and assist lessen the danger of other infections.
- May decrease cardiovascular disease threat. Asmall 2021 study found that taking a high dose vitamin c supplement assisted enhance blood vessel function in older and younger adults throughout caused swelling. Keeping healthy blood vessel function may help in reducing heart disease risk.
- May assist peeps with diabetes. Some research findings recommend that vitamin c supplements may help in reducing fasting blood glucose and enhance insulin resistance in peeps with type 2 diabetes. But we need more research study to show the link.
- May safeguard bone health. Asmall 2021 research study review found that bone mineral density had to do with 3 percent greater in women who took vitamin c supplements long-lasting, compared with women who didn’t supplement.
- Might decrease levels of some inflammatory markers. Taking vitamin c supplements is linked to decreasing several inflammatory markers, including c-reactive protein (crp) and interleukin-6 (il-6), but just in particular populations.
- Taking vitamin c supplements, in general, is connected to a bunch of health benefits. However compared to nonliposomal forms, liposomal vitamin c is generally better taken in and can raise your blood levels of vitamin c better.
- A 2020 study discovered that liposomal vitamin c was 1.77 times more bioavailable than other vitamin c supplements. This indicates that you get more bang for your buck when you’re buying liposomal c.
- Plus, liposomal kinds of nutrients might be simpler on your gut, which might help reduce the risk of gi signs like bloating and diarrhea. (this is a recognized side effect for some folks taking high doses of vitamin c.)
- But even though liposomal vitamin c is taken in more effectively and might be much easier on the gi system, it still works in the same way as nonliposomal vitamin c once it’s in your body. (5 )
- Much better immune system function: vitamin c accelerate the production process of necessary antibodies to fight infection. It is among the reasons why it’s utilized as a type of cancer treatment.
- Healthier heart: including vitamin c into your daily diet reduces the danger of heart disease by 25%. That’s a huge percentage, specifically if it’s a disorder that runs in the family.
- Increased collagen production: collagen is that magic protein that keeps your skin looking a couple of years younger. Well, guess what? Regular vitamin c intake increases collagen production. It resembles having an elixir of life in your medicine cabinet. (6 )
- Anti-aging impacts: as you age, the body produces less collagen, causing drier, thinner skin and the appearance of wrinkles. Liposomal vitamin c can aid with skin elasticity and smoothness due to its capability to secure cells from the destructive impacts of totally free radicals and damaging uv radiation from the sun. Its higher absorption rate in the body assists to promote collagen fibers. These are required for the production of hyaluronic acid and elastin, which are responsible for hydration and skin flexibility.
With all of these benefits, liposomal vitamin c can be a fantastic addition to your anti-aging repertoire along with your total health. (7 ).
Everything to know about liposomal vitamins … consisting of if they’re legit
Liposomal vitamins do not utilize pills or tablets or powders to deliver nutrients. Rather, the vitamins are encapsulated in pockets of fat cells called liposomes (hence the name). Apparently this is the most efficient way of guaranteeing the vitamins in the supplement actually get soaked up into your body (and not just, you know, peed out).
The whole fat pocket concept was confusing, so i asked pauline jose, md, a member of the ph laboratories proactive health care team and a medical trainer at ucla, to simplify for me. “the liposomal technology of providing drugs has been around because the ’60s,” she says. The technology has actually been used as a delivery system for vaccines and gene therapies (both injected) in addition to supplements, taken orally, she includes.
” liposomes are spheres made up of phospholipids which are the primary foundation of cell membranes. They are manufactured artificially from cholesterol and other forms of fat,” dr. Jose discusses. “due to the fact that it is made from the exact same product that cell membranes– or the skin of cells– are made from, they are taken in much better as they bond to these membranes initially, assisting in delivery of nutrients.” in her viewpoint, the innovation checks out.
Taking a look at the clinical studies behind liposomal vitamins, the findings are promising. One discovered that the shipment system made vitamin c distribute in higher concentrations in the body when compared to an unencapulated vitamin c supplement. Another research study, published this summer, reached the exact same conclusions. An article published in integrative medication: a clinician’s journal stated that liposomal vitamins increased intracellular delivery and had a high bioavailability and absorption compared with other oral types of supplements. The skeptic in me was impressed.
What using liposomal vitamins is truly like
Considering that the majority of the clinical research study on liposomal vitamins seems to concentrate on vitamin c, i chose to experiment with livon labs lypo-spheric vitamin c supplements ($ 40). Then, i called liveon laboratories’ executive director, kaili carpenter, for more insight. “you’ll observe we have a very limited product line. That’s because we just want to encapsulate vitamins that’s challenging for your body to soak up,” she says. This is true of vitamin c, which typically has a sluggish absorption rate in the body.
The benefits of vitamin c, obviously, are usually the same whether regardless of how you’re eating it. The antioxidant supports a healthy immune system, boosts collagen production (which assists fix skin and muscles), contributes in protein production, and battle complimentary radical damage in the body. However, encapsulating the vitamin in liposomes may guarantee a quicker, more reliable shipment– helping your body gain more of the benefits faster.
Carpenter recommends taking the supplement once to two times a day and states most people notice a difference after about 3 weeks. I decided to relieve into it, taking only one a day. Carpenter says i could blend the gooey supplement into any liquid– like my coffee or a shake– but for my very first try, i chose to simply gulp it down rapidly mixed in a little shot of water. As i poured the fluorescent orange goo into the water, i was mesmerized. It was so glittery and quite. This was definitely the most amazing vitamin i have actually taken since my flintstone days.
Unfortunately, it didn’t taste as good as it looked. It type of tasted like pam cooking spray. No surprise carpenter had suggested i blend it in my coffee. After taking my shot, i went on with my day. I didn’t discover any results– excellent or bad. My sensitive stomach endured it simply fine. Other than that, i didn’t believe much of it.
I continued to take my everyday shot of liposomal vitamin c every day for two weeks up until my deadline. Up until now at least, my skin looks the exact same– not glowier yet. And it certainly didn’t prevent a head cold i came down with a week into taking it, which had me in bed, sniffling and sneezing up a storm for 2 days. However again, it might be prematurely to make any guaranteed conclusions. (8 ).
Security and negative effects
When taken at appropriate dosages, oral vitamin c supplements are usually thought about safe. Taking excessive vitamin c can cause adverse effects, consisting of:.
- Nausea, vomiting and diarrhea
- Stomach cramps or bloating
- Tiredness and sleepiness, or sometimes insomnia
- Skin flushing
In some individuals, oral vitamin c supplements can cause kidney stones, especially when taken in high dosages. Long-lasting use of oral vitamin c supplements over 2,000 milligrams a day increases the danger of substantial side effects.
Tell your doctor that you’re taking vitamin c supplements prior to having any medical tests. High levels of vitamin c might interfere with the outcomes of particular tests, such as stool tests for occult blood or glucose screening tests.
Possible interactions include:.
Aluminum. Taking vitamin c can increase your absorption of aluminum from medications consisting of aluminum, such as phosphate binders. This can be hazardous for people with kidney issues.
Chemotherapy. There is concern that use of antioxidants, such as vitamin c, during chemotherapy may lower the impact of chemotherapy drugs.
Estrogen. Taking vitamin c with contraceptive pills or hormone replacement treatment might increase your estrogen levels.
Protease inhibitors. Oral use of vitamin c might minimize the effect of these antiviral drugs.
Statins and niacin. When taken with vitamin c, the results of niacin and statins, which might benefit individuals with high cholesterol, could be decreased. (9 ).
Acetaminophen (tylenol, others) communicates with vitamin c (ascorbic acid)
The body breaks down acetaminophen to get rid of it. Big amounts of vitamin c can reduce how quickly the body breaks down acetaminophen. It is not clear if this interaction is a huge issue.
Aspirin engages with vitamin c (ascorbic acid)
Aspirin is gotten rid of by the body through the kidneys and in the urine. Vitamin c may decrease how the body gets rid of aspirin and could possibly increase the quantity of aspirin in the body. However it’s not clear if this is a big concern.
Choline magnesium trisalicylate (trilisate) engages with vitamin c (ascorbic acid)
Vitamin c may decrease how rapidly the body eliminates choline magnesium trisalicylate. It is unclear if this interaction is a big issue.
Salsalate (disalcid) connects with vitamin c (ascorbic acid)
Vitamin c might decrease how rapidly the body gets rid of salsalate. Taking vitamin c in addition to salsalate might trigger too much salsalate in the body, and increase the impacts and adverse effects of salsalate.
Vitamin c is an essential nutrient. Fresh fruits and vegetables, specifically citrus fruits, are good sources of vitamin c. The amount that should be consumed daily is called the advised dietary allowance (rda). For adult males, the rda is 90 mg daily. For females 19 years and older, the rda is 75 mg daily. While pregnant and breastfeeding, the rda is 120 mg daily for individuals 19-50 years of ages. In children, the rda depends on age.
Vitamin c is also available in supplements, combination items, liquids, creams, creams, serums, sprays, and spots. Supplements have been utilized safely by adults in doses up to 2000 mg daily. Speak to a doctor to find out what type of item and dosage might be best for a particular condition. (10 ).