Jackfruit is an ancient fruit grown on trees in tropical environments. It’s belonging to south and southeast Asia– think Bangladesh, Thailand and India– where it is served frequently. While it’s reasonably new on the scene in The United States and Canada, jackfruit has been utilized for hundreds of years as both food and medicine. It’s thought to have antimicrobial and antifungal residential or commercial properties, in addition to being rich in anti-oxidants.

Jackfruit has thick, bumpy skin and is filled with plump, stringy pods. When ripe, these pods have a sweet banana-like quality. However, when used for savory meals, the fruit is usually underripe and a bit more firm, offering it a meatier texture.

Jackfruit is rich in vitamins and fiber. A 100-gram portion of jackfruit consists of 95 calories, 2 grams of protein and 3 grams of fiber. According to the Cleveland Center, the mix of potassium, fiber and anti-oxidants in jackfruit can benefit heart health, in addition to reduction swelling in the body.

It’s handy to keep in mind that while jackfruit has the very same consistency as meat, the nutrient profiles are rather different. Like all fruit, jackfruit is fairly low in protein (simply 2 grams in a serving) so it won’t fill you up the same way other meatier dishes will– to compare, one serving of a pulled pork sandwich loads 28 grams of protein. The protein material of jackfruit is lower than other meat alternatives too. A serving of tofu has about 7 grams, while a bean hamburger loads up with 12 grams. [1]

The Vegan History of Jackfruit

Shredded jackfruit smothered in barbecue sauce is the total antithesis to the warm yellow bulbs of fruit I ate fresh out of hand called nangka, and the spiced curries I devoured on household journeys to Indonesia.

As exotic-fruit mania crescendos with the jackfruit’s newfound status as fashionable meat substitute in the West, its provenance is getting left in the dust.

In an April 2019 article, The Guardian writer Zoe Williams calls jackfruit a “amazingly unsightly, smelly … pest-plant” which individuals taken in “just if they had absolutely nothing much better to consume.” She goes on to indicate that its present appeal rests completely on the rising vegan trend.

On the contrary, a good portion of the world– believe Southeast and South Asia– has actually adored jackfruit for centuries.

Native to the Indian subcontinent and parts of Southeast Asia, the jack tree comes from the Moracaea family that consists of breadfruit and figs. It grows easily in the wild, and while it’s being promoted as a vegan wonder in the West, jackfruit is a plentiful food source for millions in Asia, not simply vegans.

Nutrient-dense jackfruit is loaded with calcium, magnesium, vitamin A, and potassium. This whole food is likewise abundant in plant-based fiber and free from hydrogenated fats or cholesterol. It isn’t, nevertheless, equivalent to beans and tofu in the protein department.

When I initially concerned the U.S. in the early 1990s, I could only discover jackfruit at Asian markets, and never fresh. 20 years later on, business like Upton’s Naturals and The Jackfruit Company began “finding” the marvel food that is jackfruit. Now you can purchase shelf-stable jackfruit doused in barbecue sauce, teriyaki, or curry at your local supermarket. You can even discover fresh jackfruit at some Whole Foods Markets these days. [2]

How jackfruit is collected

Jackfruits can be gathered and taken in when they are unripe (often referred to as a vegetable at this stage) or when they have matured. The unripe jackfruit needs to be cooked prior to taking in and is popular for its meat-like texture; frequently compared to that of pulled pork or chicken breast. Ripe jackfruit’s bulbs are sweet and yellow or orange in colour. They can be consumed fresh or made into desserts such as ice creams or puddings. A ripe jackfruit’s taste is typically described as a cross in between a banana and a pineapple (as tropical as it gets!).

Processing jackfruit to separate out the edible parts is tedious because of its plus size and durable skin. Like all other parts of its tree, the jackfruit contains high amounts of latex (glue like substance produced by plants), making handling and cutting a slight difficulty for the untrained. The latex can also cause an allergy in some people. [3]


In South India, jackfruits are categorized since two basic types: 1) Koozha chakka, the fruits of which have little, fibrous, soft, mushy, but very sweet carpels; 2) Koozha pazham, more important commercially, with crisp carpers of high quality referred to as Varika. These types are obviously understood in different areas by other names such as Barka, or Berka (soft, sweet and broken open with the hands), and Kapa or Kapiya (crisp and cut open with a knife). The equivalent types are known as Kha-nun nang (firm; best) and Kha-nun lamoud (soft) in Thailand; and as Vela (soft) and Varaka, or Waraka (company) in Ceylon. The Peniwaraka, or honey jak, has sweet pulp, and some have actually claimed it the best of all. The Kuruwaraka has little, rounded fruits. Dr. David Fairchild, writing of the honey jak in Ceylon, describes the skin as dark-green in contrast to the golden yellow pulp when cut open for consuming, however the fruits of his own tree in Coconut Grove and those of the Matheson tree which he kept were honey jaks are certainly yellow when ripe. The Vela type predominates in the West Indies.

Firminger explained 2 types: the Khuja (green, tough and smooth, with juicy pulp and little seeds); the Ghila (rough, soft, with thin pulp, not really juicy, and big seeds). Dutta states Khujja, or Karcha, has pale-brown or occcasionally pale-green rind, and pulp as tough as an apple; Ghila, or Ghula, is generally light-green, sometimes brownish, and has soft pulp, sweet or acidulously sweet. He describes 8 varieties, only one with a name. This is Hazari; comparable to Rudrakshi; which has a fairly smooth skin and flesh of inferior quality.

The ‘Singapore’, or ‘Ceylon’, jack, an extremely early bearer producing fruit in 18 months to 2 1/2 years from transplanting, was introduced into India from Ceylon and planted extensively in 1949. The fruit is of medium size with small, fibrous carpers which are really sweet. In addition to the summer season crop (June and July), there is a second crop from October to December. In 1961, the Horticultural Research Institute at Saharanpur, India, reported the acquisition of air-layered plants of the excellent varieties, ‘Safeda’, ‘Khaja’, ‘Bhusila’, ‘Bhadaiyan’ and ‘Handia’ and others. The Fruit Experimental Station at Burliar, established a collection of 54 jackfruit clones from all producing nations, and eventually picked ‘T Nagar Jack’ as the best in quality and yield. The Fruit Speculative Station at Kallar, began breeding operate in 1952 with a view to establishing short, compact, many-branched trees, precocious and productive, bearing big, yellow, high quality fruits, 1/2 in the main season, 1/2 late. ‘Singapore Jack’ was picked as the female parent because of its early and late crops; and, as the male parent, ‘Velipala’, a regional choice from the forest having large fruits with large carpers of exceptional quality, and borne routinely in the main summer season. After 25 years of testing, one hybrid was ranked as exceptional for precocity, fruit size, off-season in addition to main season production, and yield excelling its parents. It had not been called when reported on by Chellappan and Roche in 1982. In Assam, nurserymen have given names such as ‘Mammoth’, ‘Everbearer’, and ‘Rose-scented’ to preferred types.


Horticulturists in Madras have actually discovered that hand-pollination produces fruits with more of the fully established bulbs than does typical wind-pollination.


The jackfruit is adjusted just to humid tropical and near-tropical environments. It is sensitive to frost in its early life and can not tolerate dry spell. If rains is deficient, the tree should be irrigated. In India, it grows in the Himalayan foothills and from sea-level to an altitude of 5,000 ft (1,500 m) in the south. It is stated that jackfruits grown above 4,000 feet (1,200 m) are of poor quality and usable just for cooking. The tree ascends to about 800 ft (244 m) in Kwangtung, China.


The jackfruit tree flourishes in abundant, deep soil of medium or open texture, in some cases on deep gravelly or laterite soil. It will grow, but more slowly and not as high in shallow limestone. In India, they say that the tree grows high and thin on sand, short and thick on stony land. It can not endure “damp feet”. If the roots touch water, the tree will not flourish or might pass away.


Proliferation is typically by seeds which can be kept no longer than a month prior to planting. Germination needs 3 to 8 weeks however is expedited by soaking seeds in water for 24 hours. Taking in a 10% service of gibberellic acid results in 100% germination. The seeds might be sown in situ or might be nursery-germinated and moved when no more than 4 leaves have appeared. An advanced seedling, with its long and fragile tap root, is really hard to transplant successfully. Budding and implanting efforts have frequently been unsuccessful, though Ochse thinks about the customized Forkert approach of budding feasible. Either jackfruit or champedak (q.v.) seedlings might act as rootstocks and the grafting may be done at any time of year. Inarching has been practiced and advocated but presents the very same problem of transplanting after separation from the scion parent. To prevent this and yet attain regularly early bearing of fruits of recognized quality, air-layers produced with the aid of development promoting hormones are being dispersed in India. In Florida cuttings of young wood have actually been rooted under mist. At Calcutta University, cuttings have been successfully rooted just with forced and etiolated shoots treated with indole butyric acid (preferably at 5,000 mg/l) and kept under mist. Tissue culture experiments have actually been performed at the Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bangalore.


Soaking one-month-old seedlings in a gibberellic acid option (25-200 ppm) enhances shoot growth. Gibberellic acid spray and paste boost root development. In plantations, the trees are set 30 to 40 ft (9-12 m) apart. Young plantings need protection from sunscald and from grazing animals, hares, deer, and so on. Seeds in the field may be consumed by rats. Firminger describes the charming practice of raising a young seedling in a 3 to 4 ft (0.9-1.2 m) bamboo tube, then bending over and coiling the pliant stem beneath the soil, with just the idea showing. In 5 years, such a plant is said to produce big and great fruits on the spiral underground. In Travancore, the entire fruit is buried, the many seedlings which emerge are bound together with straw and they gradually fuse into one tree which bears in 6 to 7 years. Seedlings might ordinarily take 4 to 14 years to come into bearing, though particular precocious cultivars may begin to bear in 2 1/2 to 3 1/2 years. The jackfruit is a fairly quick grower, reaching 58 feet (17.5 m) in height and 28 in (70 cm) around the trunk in 20 years in Ceylon. It is said to live as long as 100 years. However, productivity decreases with age. In Thailand, it is suggested that alternate rows be planted every 10 years so that 20-year-old trees may be consistently eliminated from the plantation and changed by a new generation. Little attention has been given to the tree’s fertilizer requirements. Severe signs of manganese deficiency have actually been observed in India.

After gathering, the fruiting branches might be cut back to the trunk or branch to cause blooming the next season. In the Cachar district of Assam, production of female flowers is stated to be stimulated by slashing the tree with a hatchet, the shoots emerging from the injuries; and branches are lopped every 3 to 4 years to preserve fruitfulness. On the other hand, studies at the University of Kalyani, West Bengal, showed that neither scoring nor pruning of shoots increases fruit set and that sounding enhances fruit set only the very first year, production declining in the second year.


In Asia, jackfruits ripen mainly from March to June, April to September, orJune to August, depending on the weather region, with some off-season crops from September to December, or a couple of fruits at other times of the year. In the West Indies, I have seen lots of ripening in June; in Florida, the season is late summer season and fall. [4]

Is jackfruit healthy?

Like numerous fruits, jackfruit consists of some fiber for healthy digestion and really little fat. A 100-gram portion of jackfruit has:.

  • 95 calories.
  • 2 grams of protein.
  • 6 grams of fat.
  • 3 grams of fiber.

Jackfruit also consists of vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals that have health benefits. It’s an excellent source of:.

” The mix of potassium, fiber and anti-oxidants can benefit heart health,” Ilic states. “Jackfruit also contains flavonoids and lignans, plant compounds that might help combat swelling.”.

Jackfruit’s health advantages aren’t a new discovery. “Ancient individuals utilized jackfruit as medication,” Ilic states. “In herbal remedies, where jackfruit is grown, people have utilized it for its antimicrobial and antifungal properties. However no large research studies have actually proven that it has medicinal value, so do not use it to deal with health conditions.”.

Jackfruit as vegan “pulled pork”

When jackfruit is unripe, it has a neutral taste that sets well with tasty meals. You can utilize unripe jackfruit in vegetarian curry and in place of tofu or chickpeas.

But jackfruit’s biggest claim to fame is its capability to mimic a barbecue meat sandwich. “Jackfruit’s stringy texture makes it a great vegan alternative to pulled pork or chicken,” Ilic states. “It has under 3 grams of protein per cup, making it much lower in protein than meat. Keep that in mind as your consider the protein sources in your diet plan.

Look for plans that label jackfruit as “young” or “crammed in brine.” These words suggest that it’s unripe and appropriate as a meat replacement.

Ripe jackfruit: sweet and fruity

Ripe jackfruit has a sweet, tropical fruit flavor that works well as a treat or contributed to sweet meals. When ripe, it tastes like other tropical fruits, such as banana, mango or pineapple.

If you’re trying ripe jackfruit, use it like you would any other tropical fruit. Serve it as a healthy dessert or include it to a healthy smoothie. [5]

A Sustainable Choice for a Growing World

With its huge size, nutrient density, and crowd-pleasing taste, jackfruit could be one of the most promising options for sustainably feeding the world.

Jackfruit could be among the most promising solutions for sustainably feeding the world.

Remarkably, one jackfruit tree can grow about 100 to 200 fruits in a year.

Compared to the extensive land and water resources needed to produce meat, jackfruit is far more efficient as an international food source.

Danielle Nierenberg, president of Food Tank, which concentrates on sustainable agriculture, informed The Guardian this about jackfruit:.

” It is easy to grow. It makes it through insects and diseases and high temperatures. It is drought-resistant. It accomplishes what farmers require in food production when dealing with a lot of difficulties under climate modification.”.

Researchers are also intending to increase jackfruit intake in India, where the food has fallen out of favor and typically goes to waste. Making it a favorite staple food again could help feed millions of individuals who are dealing with food insecurity. [6]

Health Benefits

The nutrients in jackfruit might help decrease your risk for some health issues, consisting of:.

Constipation. Jackfruit is an excellent source of fiber, so it might help you feel fuller for longer and help keep your bowel movements routine.

Ulcers. The natural chemicals in jackfruit may assist avoid these sores from forming inside your stomach.

Diabetes. Your body digests and soaks up jackfruit more slowly than some other foods. That indicates your blood glucose won’t rise as quickly as it may when you consume other fruits. One study discovered that jackfruit extract made it much easier for individuals with diabetes to control their blood sugar level.

High blood pressure. The potassium in this tropical fruit could help reduce your blood pressure, which can assist ward off cardiovascular disease, stroke, and bone loss.

Skin issues. The high quantities of vitamin C in jackfruit might help protect your skin from sun damage. You need lots of that nutrient to keep your skin firm and strong.

Cancer.Phytonutrients, like those discovered in jackfruit, are natural compounds that may have cancer-fighting benefits, such as avoiding cancer cells from forming in your body. [7]

Negative effects

It isn’t understood if jackfruit is safe when taken as a medication. Jackfruit extract might cause drowsiness.

Unique Precautions & Warnings

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Inadequate is known about making use of jackfruit during pregnancy and breast-feeding. Remain on the safe side and avoid use.

Allergy to birch pollen: Some people who are allergic to birch pollen may likewise dislike jackfruit. Individuals who are allergic to birch pollen needs to utilize jackfruit carefully.

Diabetes: Jackfruit might lower blood sugar levels. There is a concern that it may affect blood sugar level control in individuals with diabetes. The dose of diabetes medication may require to be changed.

Surgery: Jackfruit might cause too much drowsiness if combined with medications used throughout and after surgical treatment. Stop taking jackfruit a minimum of 2 weeks before a scheduled surgical treatment.


  • Medications for diabetes (Antidiabetes drugs) Interaction Ranking: Moderate Beware with this combination.Talk with your health company.
  • Jackfruit might reduce blood sugar. Diabetes medications are also utilized to lower blood glucose. Taking jackfruit with diabetes medications may trigger your blood sugar level to be too low. Monitor your blood glucose carefully. The dose of your diabetes medication may need to be changed.
  • Some medications used for diabetes consist of glimepiride (Amaryl), glyburide (DiaBeta, Glynase PresTab, Micronase), insulin, pioglitazone (Actos), rosiglitazone (Avandia), chlorpropamide (Diabinese), glipizide (Glucotrol), tolbutamide (Orinase), and others.
  • Sedative medications (CNS depressants) Interaction Ranking: Moderate Beware with this combination.Talk with your health provider.
  • Jackfruit might trigger sleepiness and drowsiness. Medications that cause sleepiness are called sedatives. Taking jackfruit together with sedative medications might cause too much drowsiness.
  • Some sedative medications consist of clonazepam (Klonopin), lorazepam (Ativan), phenobarbital (Donnatal), zolpidem (Ambien), and others.


The proper dosage of jackfruit for usage as treatment depends upon numerous factors such as the user’s age, health, and a number of other conditions. At this time there is insufficient clinical details to figure out a proper range of dosages for jackfruit. Keep in mind that natural items are not always necessarily safe and does can be crucial. Make certain to follow pertinent directions on item labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional prior to utilizing. [8]

Keep in mind:

The fruit is particularly not advised for individuals with birch pollen allergies. The fruit is likewise not recommended for intake by people who struggle with blood associated disorders, as it can increase coagulation. While typically the fruit benefits diabetics but it might even cause a change in their tolerance levels to glucose hence, diabetics need to take in jackfruit in restricted amount. [9]


Jackfruit is great for you for lots of factors.

It is high in nutrients and anti-oxidants and might have a variety of health benefits, including improved blood sugar control.

You can easily include jackfruit into your diet by consuming it plain or in numerous meals. It makes an exceptional meat alternative in vegetarian and vegan dishes.

Fresh jackfruit is easiest to find when it remains in season throughout the summertime, however you can discover canned jackfruit in the majority of supermarket year-round.

Adding jackfruit to your diet is worth a try, as it is rather healthy and a distinct food to try out. [10]


  1. https://www.tasteofhome.com/article/what-is-jackfruit/
  2. https://food52.com/blog/24821-what-is-jackfruit
  3. https://www.foodunfolded.com/article/jackfruit-how-its-grown
  4. https://hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/morton/jackfruit_ars.html
  5. https://health.clevelandclinic.org/what-is-jackfruit-and-is-it-healthy/
  6. https://foodrevolution.org/blog/what-is-jackfruit/
  7. https://www.webmd.com/food-recipes/health-benefits-jackfruit
  8. https://www.emedicinehealth.com/jackfruit/vitamins-supplements.htm
  9. https://www.lybrate.com/topic/jackfruit-kathal-benefits-and-side-effects
  10. https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/jackfruit-benefits
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