Dragon fruit

Dragon fruit is a large usually oval to oblong fruit of any of a number of put up, sprawling, or vining cacti (as of the genera selenicereus, hylocereus, or sternocereus) that has leatherlike skin with popular flaky spikes and juicy flesh.

The fruit of a commonly cultivated cactus (hylocereus undatus) of mexico and main america that typically has intense pink or red skin and white or often red, slightly sweet flesh with numerous tiny black seeds

Unexpectedly, dragon fruit– likewise called pitaya or pitahaya– is appearing in teas, thirst quenchers and even vodka. But its allure may have as much to do with is distinctive looks as its flavor. [1]


Dragon fruit is the fruit of a kind of cactus that grows in dry locations of south america. Usually the skin of the dragon fruit is red and the pulp is red or white. Dragon fruit is in some cases used as medicine. The fruit is likewise popular as a food.

Dragon fruit is used for diabetes, prediabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, obesity, and numerous other conditions, however there is no good clinical proof to support these uses.

Dragon fruit can be eaten raw or made into white wine, juice, spreads, or desserts. The flowers are in some cases consumed as a vegetable or made into a tea.

In manufacturing, the peel of the fruit is used as food coloring and as a thickener. [2]


Dragon fruit originates in central and south america. We call this interesting plant a fruit,.

However it is in fact a cactus. Dragon fruit is grown in asia, mexico, main america, south.

America, and israel today.

Its textured, flaky skin comes in pink or yellow, while its flesh might be red or white with.

Scattered, tiny, black seeds. The flesh must be dug of the skin- it is easiest to do.

With a spoon. It has a crunchy texture and sweet flavor, like a kiwi or a pear. The red flesh.

Of the dragon fruit consists of lycopene, which has actually been associated with lower cancer and.

Heart disease risk. The skin should not be consumed. [3]


After an extensive cleaning of the seeds from the pulp of the fruit, the seeds might be saved when dried. The perfect fruit is unblemished and overripe.

Seeds grow well in a garden compost or potting soil mix– even as a potted indoor plant. Pitaya cacti generally sprout after in between 11 and 2 week after shallow planting. As they are cacti, overwatering is an issue for house growers. As their growth continues, these climbing up plants will discover something to climb on, which can involve putting aerial roots below the branches in addition to the basal roots. When the plant reaches a fully grown 4.5 kgs (10 pounds) in weight, the plant might flower.

Business plantings can be done at high density with in between 1,100 and 1,350 per hectare (445 and 546/acre). Plants can take up to 60 months/260 weeks to come into complete business production, at which stage yields of 20 to 30 metric loads (22 to 33 brief loads) can be expected.

Pitaya flowers flower over night and generally wilt by the evening. They rely on nocturnal pollinators such as bats or moths for fertilization. Self-fertilization will not produce fruit in some species, and while cross-breeding has actually led to numerous “self-fertile” varieties, cross-pollinating with a 2nd, genetically unique plant of the very same types generally increases fruit set and quality. This restricts the capability of home growers to produce the fruit. However, the plants can flower in between 3 and six times in a year depending upon growing conditions. Like other cacti, if a healthy piece of the stem is broken off, it might settle in soil and become its own plant.

The plants can sustain temperature levels approximately 40 ° c (104 ° f) and really brief durations of frost, however will not endure long exposure to freezing temperatures. The cacti prosper most in usda zones 10– 11, however might make it through outdoors in zone 9a or 9b.

Selenicereus has actually adjusted to reside in dry tropical climates with a moderate quantity of rain. In many areas, it has actually escaped growing to end up being a weed and is classified as an invasive weed in some nations.

Insects and diseases

Stems and fruits are susceptible to several diseases triggered by fungi, germs, a nematode, and a virus. Overwatering or excessive rainfall can cause the flowers to drop and fruit to rot. The bacterium xanthomonas campestris triggers the stems to rot. Dothiorella fungis can trigger brown areas on the fruit. Other fungis known to contaminate pitaya include botryosphaeria dothidea, colletotrichum gloeosporioides and bipolaris cactivora. [4]

Different types of dragon fruit

Mother of dragons

Dragon fruit– also called pitaya, or hylocereus for the more latin-minded– is no stranger to appeal. The fruit in fact starts its life as a flower, blooming on a cactus range native to main america.

When totally developed, it’s the stand-out star of any produce area thanks to its detailed tough scales that ombre from hot pink to green. However pitaya is no one-look pony: the trendy fruit in fact is available in several ranges, sporting various tastes and tones of skin and flesh.

And like numerous supermodels that have actually come prior to it, dragon fruit has actually been indelibly connected to the music scene, with much of its most colorful cultivars taking their names straight from the rock n roll world.

White dragon fruit

With its lively pink skin and white flesh– found with yummy black seeds– white dragon fruit is the most typically grown kind of pitaya. Some of its more popular cultivars consist of:.

David bowie: talk about the thin, white duke. This variety of white dragon fruit is slimmer than a lot of others, and understood for a tangier, lemon-like taste.

Vietnamese jaina: one of the world’s most popular varieties, thanks in no little part to the plain brightness of its fruit. The color-blocking of this varietal is truly instagram-worthy.

L.a. Woman: a rarely-grown range that some experts state leaves a bad taste in your mouth. No relation to how the doors song of the same name may make you feel.

Seoul kitchen area: a spin on another doors song title, this variety of white dragon fruit is a bit rounder in shape, with smoother and sweeter flesh than its los angeles cousin.

Lake atitlan: named for the volcano-ringed lake in guatemala, this exotic-sounding variety of dragon fruit is usually on the larger– and tangier– side.

Neitzel: a california native, this varietal is sweet and particularly tasty when chilled.

Alice: named for a rock star of the fruit growing world, alice snow, this eponymous kind of dragon fruit is less sweet than other ranges, however rocks ultra-bright pink skin.

Guyute: in the phish song of the exact same name, guyute was an ugly pig. In the world of unique plants, it’s a particularly sweet variety of white dragon fruit.

Harpua: dragon fruit cultivators need to truly enjoy phish. This varietal– called for a song with a particularly yummy jam– rocks a semisweet white pulp that tastes a bit like melon.

Thompson: among the largest varieties of white dragon fruit, this cultivar can weigh approximately 1.5 pounds.

Red dragon fruit

Red dragon fruit has the very same gorgeous pink skin as its white family members, but a burst of red flesh on the inside.

Red jaina: with a particularly deep-red pulp, this variety is especially juicy– making it a best compliment to a good mixer.

Zamorano: named for the university in honduras where it was first established, this red dragon fruit variety is medium-sized with a moderate, sweet flavor.

Costa rican sundown: as unique as its name requires, this is a particularly distinct range of dragon fruit, thanks to its slow growing vine.

Natural mystic: did you believe we were done name-checking songs? Think again. This red dragon fruit, called for the bob marley tune, is genuinely wonderful, landing on the larger and sweeter side of things.

Pink dragon fruit

Technically, these are all types of red dragon fruit, however on the inside, they look anything from soft rose to hot pink.

Makisupa: a beautiful magenta flesh partners with a sweet-and-sour taste in this red-but-more-like pink dragon fruit variety.

American beauty: appropriately called after both the critical grateful dead album and its really mind-blowing pink pulp, this varietal is also understood for its stunning sweet flavor.

Delight: on the larger side with a smooth texture, sweet taste, and beautiful soft pink flesh, this pink dragon fruit is truly deserving of its name.

Dark star: a long and slim shape with a moderate grape-y taste and the bearer of yet another grateful dead song name.

Cosmic charlie: completing the deadhead crowd is this magenta-fleshed varietal, with a truly celestial taste of grape and kiwi.

Purple haze: drifting into the more difficult side of rock, this jimi hendrix name is one of the most significant types of dragon fruit, with a vibrant pink color, fairly few seeds, and grape-like taste.

Voodoo kid: worthwhile of its witchy name (which occurs to also be– you guessed it!– a jimi hendrix song) this pink dragon fruit is little however mighty, packing a sweet grape-y taste into a dark pink fruit no larger than an egg.

Yellow dragon fruit

This type of dragon fruit doesn’t mind standing apart from the crowd, with a monotone yellow outside that sports a far various scale pattern.

There’s only one yellow dragon fruit variety, however it’s widely thought to be the tastiest of all, with its firm white flesh packing plenty of sweet taste.

Sour dragon fruit

Something of a specialty, this type of dragon fruit is called stenocereus and is found primarily in south and central america, particularly in more deserts. It may lean more sour than sweet, but it yields more juice than the majority of other varieties, and has actually long been a dietary staple of indigenous individuals.

But no matter which look or taste it’s rocking, a dragon fruit always aims to please. [5]

Dragon fruit nutrition truths

The following nutrition information is provided by the usda for one 6-ounce (170g) serving of cubed dragon fruit.

  • Calories: 102
  • Fat: 0g
  • Salt: 0mg
  • Carbohydrates: 22g
  • Fiber: 5g
  • Sugars: 13g
  • Protein: 2g


Dragon fruit is a naturally low-calorie food, with most of the calories coming from carbohydrate. There are two kinds of carb in dragon fruit: naturally happening sugars (13g per 6-ounce serving) and fiber. You’ll get 5 grams of fiber– or about 18% of your suggested daily consumption– in a 6-ounce serving.

The exact glycemic index (gi) of dragon fruit has actually not been taped, although one study approximates the glycemic index to be comparable to that of a banana– or about 48 to 52.

as a reference, foods with a gi of 55 or more are considered high glycemic foods.


There is a really small amount of fat in dragon fruit. The edible seeds consist of omega-3 fats, omega 6-fatty acids, and polyunsaturated fat which are all healthy fats.3.


Dragon fruit provides a small amount of protein, about 2 grams per serving.

Vitamins and minerals

Dragon fruit supplies vitamin c and riboflavin, along with about 17% of your day-to-day suggested intake of magnesium– a mineral that is responsible for aiding in hundreds of biochemical reactions in the body. Dragon fruit likewise contains iron, niacin, and calcium. [6]

Health advantages of dragon fruit

A fascinating truth about this fruit is that the chinese claim that it stemmed from the fire of a dragon throughout fight. Undermining the misconception surrounding this fruit, there is something that makes it very healthy for us. Here is a list of 10 health benefits of consuming dragon fruit.

Decreases threat of diabetes

This fruit contains high quantities of fiber that keeps blood glucose levels and avoids spikes amongst people struggling with diabetes. Routine usage of this fruit can help balance blood sugar level levels and prevent more medical consequences amongst diabetics.

Decreases threats of cancer

This fruit contains anti-cancer homes that can decrease the threats of colon cancer. Its high source of vitamin c plays a crucial role in improving the body immune system. Vitamin c is an effective antioxidant that prevents you from contracting persistent diseases such as diabetes, alzheimer’s parkinson’s, cancer, and so on.

Assists increase resistance

This fruit includes high levels of vitamin c that boosts immunity and assists you remain healthy. More vitamin c suggests that your body is capable of fighting fatal infections that you might be susceptible to. All you require to do is to consume 1 cup (200 grams) of this fruit every day and remain healthy.

Helpful for digestion

This fruit has a rich source of oligosaccharides (a carb) that assists in the development of good germs like plants, which assists in smooth food digestion. It is loaded with high fiber that also assists in digestion health, helps in reducing the risk of cancer and cardiovascular diseases.

Helpful for heart

Dragon fruit with red colored pulp consists of betalains (produces red color inside the fruit) that lowers bad cholesterol (ldl cholesterol). The small dark black seeds inside the fruit are rich in omega-3 and omega-9 fats that are good for the heart and decrease the threats of cardiovascular diseases.

Fights ageing skin

Faster ageing can be caused due to tension, contamination and other elements such as bad diet etc. However, it’s an abundant source of antioxidants that can deal with sunburn, dry skin and acne. Its material of vitamin c can aid in brighter skin. You can prepare dragon fruit juice and drink it once a day for glowing skin.

Good for hair

Required thick, black and shiny hair? Attempt dragon fruit powder combined with a glass of milk (250ml) as soon as every day and this will do you great. The high source of nutrients discovered in this fruit extract powder decreases hair damage brought on by artificial hair coloring and enhances hair texture, hence, leaving it soft and glossy. All you require to do so is to consume this once a day and you will witness modifications.

Healthy bones

Great bone health can add to lots of factors such as preventing injuries, joint pain and so forth. This super fruit includes 18% magnesium and help in more powerful bones and great bone health. All you need to do is consume one glass of dragon fruit healthy smoothie every day.

Good for eyes

This fruit consists of beta-carotene (the pigment that offers the fruit its color) avoids eye problems such as cataracts and macular degeneration. One cup (220 grams) of dragon fruit every day would do you great.

Good during pregnancy

This fruit consists of vitamin b, folate and iron that making it an ideal fruit for pregnant moms. B vitamins and folate avoids birth defects and boosts energy during pregnancy. Its calcium content is responsible for the bone development of the fetus. Its material of magnesium helps fight postmenopausal complications in ladies. [7]

Further more

May help fight chronic disease

Free radicals are unstable molecules that cause cell damage, which may cause swelling and illness.

One way to combat this is by eating antioxidant-rich foods like dragon fruit.

Anti-oxidants work by reducing the effects of complimentary radicals, thus avoiding cell damage and inflammation.

Research studies suggest that diet plans high in anti-oxidants may assist avoid persistent diseases such as heart disease, cancer, diabetes and arthritis.

Dragon fruit consists of a number of types of potent anti-oxidants, consisting of:.

Vitamin c: observational research studies have actually found correlations in between vitamin c intake and cancer danger. For example, a research study in 120,852 people associated greater consumptions of vitamin c with lower rates of head and neck cancer.

Betalains: test-tube research studies indicate betalains can combat oxidative tension and might have the capability to suppress cancer cells.

Carotenoids: beta-carotene and lycopene are the plant pigments that provide dragon fruit its lively color. Diets abundant in carotenoids have actually been linked to a reduced risk of cancer and heart problem.

Significantly, anti-oxidants work best when eaten naturally in food, rather than in tablet type or as a supplement. In fact, antioxidant supplements may have damaging impacts, and taking them without medical guidance is not advised.

On the other hand, dragon fruit is extremely recommended.


Dragon fruit contains the anti-oxidants vitamin c, beta-carotene, lycopene and betalain. Research studies have actually linked diet plans high in anti-oxidants to a lowered risk of chronic disease.

May boost low iron levels

Dragon fruit is one of the few fresh fruits that contain iron.

Iron plays a crucial role in transporting oxygen throughout your body. It also plays an essential role in breaking down food into energy.

Unfortunately, lots of people do not get enough iron. In fact, it has actually been estimated that 30% of the world’s population lacks iron, making it the most typical nutrient deficiency worldwide.

To combat low iron levels, it is necessary to take in a variety of iron-rich foods. Abundant sources of iron consist of meats, fish, beans, nuts and cereals.

Dragon fruit might be another terrific choice, as one serving contains 8% of your suggested everyday consumption (rdi). It likewise contains vitamin c, which assists your body absorb iron.


Dragon fruit provides iron together with vitamin c, a combination that might improve your body’s absorption of this essential mineral. [8]

How to cut and eat dragon fruit

If you can’t find dragon fruit in your regional grocery store, you might have much better luck in a specialized supermarket or asian market.

To choose one out, ilic advises trusting your gut. “follow your fruit know-how,” she says. “it needs to be somewhat soft when you’re evaluating it with your finger. If it’s excessively firm, you can still bring it home and leave it on your counter to ripen.”

Peel and cut it into areas when you’re ready to eat it. Much like an avocado, you eat the flesh and discard the skin. You could likewise cut it in half and scoop out the flesh with a spoon or melon baller.

Dragon fruit is best consumed raw, but you can toss it on the grill like some other fruits. Enjoy it on its own or add it to:

  • Fish, specifically cod, tuna and mahimahi.

” as soon as you cut it up, wrap it tightly and put it in your refrigerator,” states Olchi. “when your dragon fruit begins to get mushy and brown, throw it away.” [9]

Dragon fruit shake active ingredients

Whiz up a mixer of this dragon fruit shake dish and you won’t think the dazzling color! It’s tough to look away from the magnificently brilliant color. Dragon fruit is popular as a smoothie bowl (like an acai bowl with great deals of toppings), but we like it best as a straight-up shake. More on that listed below! Here are the components you’ll need for this healthy smoothie dish:.

Frozen dragon fruit puree: it’s easiest to find dragon fruit for shakes in the frozen area at your grocery store. See more below!

Banana: all you need is a space temperature banana: no requirement to freeze!

Frozen pineapple and mango: it’s easy to find frozen pineapple and mango at your local grocery: and this assists to improve the icy texture and sweet tart taste!

Lime juice (optional): lime juice helps draw out the fruity taste: but it’s optional if you don’t have lime on hand. [10]

Healthy dragon fruit waldorf salad


  • 1 big, ripe dragon fruit
  • 1/3 cup 2-percent greek yogurt
  • 2 tablespoons mayonnaise
  • Juice of 1/2 lemon
  • 1 teaspoon honey
  • 1/2 teaspoon freshly grated ginger
  • 1/2 teaspoon kosher salt
  • 1 small granny smith apple, cored and cut into 1/2-inch pieces
  • 1/2 cup red seedless grapes, halved
  • 1/2 cup fresh cilantro leaves, chopped
  • 1/3 cup cashews, approximately chopped
  • 4 leaves bibb or iceberg lettuce


  1. Quarter the dragon fruit lengthwise. Work your finger under the skin, pull it back and peel it away in 1 piece. Cut each quarter into 1/4-inch-thick triangles.
  2. Whisk together the yogurt, mayonnaise, lemon juice, honey, ginger and salt in a big bowl. Add the apples, grapes, 3/4 of the dragon fruit pieces and 3/4 of both the cilantro and the cashews. Toss to combine, and refrigerate until chilled, about 1 hour.
  3. Put a lettuce leaf in each of 4 little bowls, and leading each with a scoop of salad. Garnish with the remaining dragon fruit, cilantro and cashews.

Cook’s note

To identify the ripeness of dragon fruit, give it a gentle squeeze-it need to have a small give, like a ripe avocado. [11]

Side effect of dragon fruit

Stomach issues:

Eating dragon fruit on a regular and reasonable basis is truly beneficial to our stomach and helps to keep our digestion system in good shape. The dietary fibers found in dragon fruit function as a natural diuretic, which indicates they assist us defecate more often and ensure a smooth exit of stool from our bodies.

Despite the fact that dietary fibers are beneficial to our gastrointestinal health and give numerous advantages, dragon fruit ought to be consumed in small amounts. This is due to the fact that excessive dietary fiber intake has been connected to health concerns such as insufficient nutrition absorption by the intestines, intestinal tract gas, intestinal tract obstruction, stomach pain, and flatulence, to name a few.

Pee with a reddish color

Red dragon fruit can trigger your pee to end up being pink or red if you consume enough of it. This symptom appears to be much more major than it is. If you consume a great deal of beets, something comparable can happen. When the fruit is no longer in your system, your urine should return to its normal color.

Antioxidants in excess are hazardous

Dragon fruit is high in antioxidants such as vitamin c and other antioxidant elements such as phytonutrients, polyphenols, and carotenoids, among others, which have a variety of health benefits.

However, excessive dragon fruit-eating can lead to an excess of antioxidants, such as beta-carotene, which can add to lung cancer. A greater vitamin e usage likewise raises the threat of hemorrhagic stroke.


This fruit has a variety of health and cosmetic advantages that may be gotten simply by including it in one’s diet plan. Nevertheless, not everyone can use these advantages in the same way. This is due to the truth that particular individuals dislike dragon fruit and must prevent it as much as possible. It makes no sense to take in dragon fruit if you are sensitive to it given that it might cause allergies such as swollen lips and tongue, itchy throat, burning sensation in the throat, and so on.


While dragon fruit is known to assist with high blood pressure and hypertension, consuming excessive of the fruit can produce a boost in potassium in the system, which can result in hypotension. Hypotension takes place when high blood pressure falls below typical levels, causing symptoms such as lightheadedness, queasiness, tiredness, anxiety, and loss of consciousness. If you have previously been identified with hypotension, you ought to avoid utilizing this supplement. [12]

Preventative measures to take while feeding dragon fruit to children

Feeding dragon fruit in age-appropriate methods with basic preventative measures can ensure your infant enjoys its benefits with minimal issues. Here are some safety measures to follow when feeding dragon fruit to infants.

  • Introduce peeled dragon fruit pulp in smooth, lump-free puree or mash kind to your infant. As the baby develops the fruit’s taste and digestibility, feed dragon fruit to your baby in various methods.
  • Present a teaspoon or more of the fruit’s puree or mash in a meal. Depending upon the infant’s tolerance, gradually increase the amount to a tablespoon or two.
  • Follow a “3 to five-day wait” guideline to get rid of the possibility of food allergic reaction or intolerance.
  • If the baby appears uncomfortable after consuming the fruit, terminate feeding for the time being. Reintroduce the fruit in the diet plan after 2 to 3 days. If the problem continues, speak with a pediatrician.
  • Allergy to dragon fruit is uncommon but possible. Allergic reactions, such as itching of the mouth, urticaria, and throwing up, might appear right away or a couple of minutes after touching or consuming the fruit.
  • If your baby has a family history of food allergic reactions or oral allergy syndrome, especially with kiwi, then consult your healthcare provider before introducing dragon fruit to your infant.
  • Prevent over-feeding dragon fruit to children and young children to prevent gastrointestinal problems, such as bloating and diarrhea, which might take place in delicate babies. Also, eating way too much dragon fruit can quickly fill the child’s belly, making them avoid the next meal.
  • Provide bite-sized, graspable pieces of dragon fruit to children as finger foods. As the babies grow, serve thin dragon fruit slices or wedges to toddlers. [13]


The red dragon fruit peel powder has potential in minimizing overall cholesterol, trigliserida, and LDL-c.

and Increasing HDL-c levels. Red dragon fruit peel powders can be consumed as a supplement in.

foods that are anticipated to keep a healthy body and avoid hyperlipidemia. [14]


  1. Https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/dragon%20fruit
  2. Https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-1580/dragon-fruit
  3. Https://dpi.wi.gov/sites/default/files/imce/school-nutrition/pdf/fact-sheet-dragon-fruit.pdf
  4. Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/pitaya#cultivation
  5. Https://fruitstand.com/blogs/stories/different-types-of-dragon-fruit
  6. Https://www.verywellfit.com/dragon-fruit-calories-carbs-nutrition-facts-4172559
  7. Https://pharmeasy.in/blog/10-health-benefits-and-recipes-of-dragon-fruit-pitaya/
  8. Https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/dragon-fruit-benefits#toc_title_hdr_7
  9. Https://health.clevelandclinic.org/get-to-know-the-incredible-edible-dragon-fruit/
  10. Https://www.acouplecooks.com/dragon-fruit-smoothie/
  11. Https://www.foodnetwork.com/recipes/food-network-kitchen/healthy-dragon-fruit-waldorf-salad-3364401
  12. Https://krishijagran.com/health-lifestyle/beware-of-these-side-effects-of-dragon-fruit/
  13. Https://www.momjunction.com/articles/dragon-fruit-for-babies-benefits-recipes_00737451/
  14. Https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1742-6596/1013/1/012167/pdf
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