DMSO, or dimethyl sulfoxide, is a spin-off of paper making. It comes from a substance found in wood. DMSO has been utilized as a commercial solvent considering that the mid-1800s. From about the mid-20th century, researchers have actually explored its usage as an anti-inflammatory agent. The FDA has actually approved DMSO as a prescription medication for treating symptoms of unpleasant bladder syndrome. It’s likewise used under medical supervision to deal with numerous other conditions, consisting of shingles.

DMSO is easily soaked up by the skin. It’s in some cases utilized to increase the body’s absorption of other medications. DMSO is available without a prescription frequently in gel or cream form. It can be acquired in natural food stores, by mail order, and on the Internet. While it can sometimes be found as an oral supplement, its safety is uncertain. DMSO is mainly used by using it to the skin. (1 )


DMSO is a prescription medicine and dietary supplement. It can be taken by mouth, applied to the skin (used topically), or injected into the veins (used intravenously or by IV).

DMSO is taken by mouth, used topically, or provided intravenously for the management of amyloidosis and associated signs. Amyloidosis is a condition in which certain proteins are transferred abnormally in organs and tissues.

DMSO is utilized topically to decrease pain and speed the healing of wounds, burns, and muscle and skeletal injuries. DMSO is likewise used topically to deal with unpleasant conditions such as headache, swelling, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and severe facial discomfort called tic douloureux. It is used topically for eye conditions including cataracts, glaucoma, and issues with the retina; for foot conditions including bunions, calluses, and fungus on toenails; and for skin problem including keloid scars and scleroderma. It is sometimes utilized topically to treat skin and tissue damage triggered by chemotherapy when it leaks from the IV that is used to provide it. DMSO is utilized either alone or in combination with a drug called idoxuridine to treat pain associated with shingles (herpes zoster infection).

Intravenously, DMSO is used to lower abnormally hypertension in the brain. It is also provided intravenously to treat bladder infections (interstitial cystitis) and persistent inflammatory bladder illness. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has authorized certain DMSO products for positioning inside the bladder to treat signs of chronic inflammatory bladder disease. DMSO is sometimes positioned inside bile ducts with other medications to treat bile duct stones. In production, DMSO is used as an industrial solvent for herbicides, fungicides, antibiotics, and plant hormones. (2 ).

Does DMSO really work?

Let’s take a more detailed take a look at DMSO as imagine you wish to know if it works and how it works. And think me, I want to get you through this quickly so you can simply proceed with utilizing it.

Perhaps it’s my northern blood since I do not do BS. When it comes to natural health procedures I have one simple concern … does it work? (Like, does it really help individuals recover without doing any harm)!

And I have to state, I’ve utilized DMSO on myself and in my practice– and the response is an amazing YES.

In a scientific setting– (which also consists of individuals on my detox retreats and my nutrition diploma trainees) … the results have varied from nothing less than handy to absolutely nothing short of miraculous.

As part of a nutritional healing wellness program, I’ve seen fantastic outcomes with my own eyes: people who came to us IN a wheelchair, actually going out the door by the end of just one week; debilitating tinnitus gone in 1 week; discomfort medications dramatically minimized; movement dramatically improved… quick injury recovery; speedy tissue repair (e.g. frozen shoulders); removal of headaches; lowered arthritic pain; cured pain in the back; reduced oedema; enhanced memory.

Even Family pets

I’ve even used DMSO as part of my canine’s rehab procedure for a shoulder injury. And by the way, her physio likewise deals with horses and reports knowing numerous vets who use DMSO regularly in the treatment of equine muscle or joint injury. (3 ).

What is DMSO utilized for?

DMSO is an exceptionally versatile therapy. For beginners, it is among the few substances that can be administered orally, topically, and through injection of both the vein and the muscle. The outcomes of countless studies vouching for its health-promoting properties highly support the view that DMSO is a truly substantial healing anti-inflammatory and that holds pledge in handling a wide variety of incapacitating conditions:.

Arthritis – With its capability to permeate tissues, DMSO reveals value in reducing pain and swelling in osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and perhaps even gout.

Atherosclerosis – In laboratory tests, DMSO has demonstrated its ability to delay the advancement of atherosclerosis (narrowing of the arteries) induced by dietary cholesterol, as well as suppress the build-up of cholesterol in tissues, despite seriously raised levels.

Drug extravasation injury – Extravasation refers to the escape of a drug into the extravascular space (soft tissue), either by leakage from a vessel or by direct seepage. When chemotherapy drugs leak into surrounding tissues (extravasate), the effects can be seriously destructive. Lots of studies have actually revealed that DMSO application has substantially improved extravasation tissue injury in afflicted clients.

Herpes – DMSO has actually been used to improve penetration of alpha-interferon lotion in the treatment of herpes.

Interstitial cystitis – Instilling DMSO in the urinary bladder is an FDA-approved pain-relieving treatment for this chronic inflammatory condition.

Reflex considerate dystrophy – DMSO helps eliminate the pain of this condition, an autonomic nerve system disorder characterized mostly by overwhelming pain in the extremities.

Scleroderma (hardening of the skin) – In standard work done at the Cleveland Clinic, topical DMSO was found to have an anti-inflammatory impact while increasing blood supply to the skin.

Strains and sprains – DMSO provides rapid removal of discomfort and increased mobility when used topically. It passes through the skin’s oily membranes and reduces swelling and inflammation nearly right away.

Keloids, Scars, Burns, Bruises – A concentration of 50 to 80% put on two or 3 times a day will flatten a raised scar after a number of months. It is of substantial value in shallow burns and when used quickly to an injury, it can eliminate any bruising. (4 ).

What evidence is there that DMSO works?

There is extremely little clinically valid research to show that DMSO is practical for any medical condition including its authorized medical usages. The United States Food and Drug Administration conducted testing on DMSO in the early 1960’s and stopped after finding that the use of this item was triggering severe eye issues in their test animals. Ever since well-controlled scientific trials have actually not been conducted on this product to figure out if there are possible negative effects from its long term usage or if there are possibly damaging drug interactions. A double blind placebo regulated study performed in Germany and published in 1995, did reveal that 25% DMSO gel applied topically to arthritic joints did reduce discomfort during both rest and activity. However, it should be carefully kept in mind that these outcomes could not be reproduced in the United States. (5 ).

DMSO What You Required To Know

  • An affordable substance called dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) holds excellent guarantee in managing a varied range of health conditions, yet has actually largely been disregarded by the medical community.
  • Initially discovered as a by-product of paper manufacturing, DMSO has demonstrated remarkable anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antioxidant properties.
  • DMSO is currently authorized for only one medical sign: interstitial cystitis, an uncomfortable persistent inflammatory condition of the urinary bladder.
  • Among DMSO’s most promising roles is treating severe closed head injury. Research Study by Dr. Stanley Jacob reveals that DMSO alleviates brain swelling and restores blood circulation and oxygenation following such injuries.
  • Research studies suggest even more applications for DMSO in combating diseases such as arthritis, fibromyalgia, Alzheimer’s illness, and ulcerative colitis.
  • DMSO’s advantages are largely unidentified and unavailable to the US public, mainly since it is an economical substance that is disqualified for patenting by pharmaceutical business. (6 )

Complementary and Natural Medicine

How to Take It


Do not offer sulfur to a child.


There is no advised dietary allowance for sulfur. The majority of people get all they require from their diet plan. (7 ).

Dimethyl sulfoxide Side Effects

Negative effects needing immediate medical attention

Together with its necessary effects, dimethyl sulfoxide might trigger some undesirable impacts. Although not all of these side effects might happen, if they do occur they might require medical attention.

Check with your doctor right away if any of the following adverse effects happen while taking dimethyl sulfoxide:.

  • Nasal blockage
  • shortness of breath or distressed breathing
  • skin rash, hives, or itching
  • swelling of face

Some patients may have some pain during the time this medication is being put into the bladder. Nevertheless, the discomfort generally ends up being less each time the medication is utilized.

Dimethyl sulfoxide might trigger you to have a garlic-like taste within a few minutes after the medicine is taken into the bladder. This impact may last for a number of hours. It may also trigger your breath and skin to have a garlic-like odor, which may last up to 72 hours.

Handling adverse effects (general details)

For Healthcare Professionals.

Applies to dimethyl sulfoxide: intensifying liquid, watering option, topical solution.


Frequency not reported: Odor on skin (may remain for 72 hours).


Frequency not reported: Garlic-like taste (a few minutes after instillation), smell on breath (might stay for 72 hours).


Frequency not reported: Chemical cystitis.


Frequency not reported: Serious pain on administration.

More about dimethyl sulfoxide

  • During Pregnancy
  • Dose Details
  • Drug Interactions
  • En Español
  • Drug class: various genitourinary tract agents

Patient resources

  • Drug Info
  • Dimethyl sulfoxide Intravesical (Advanced Reading)

Other brands

  • Cryoserv, Rimso-50

Associated treatment guides

  • Bladder Infection
  • Interstitial Cystitis (8 )

What are the negative effects of Dimethyl Sulfoxide (Rimso-50)?

Get emergency situation medical aid if you have indications of an allergic reaction: hives; challenging breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Tell your caregivers if you feel serious discomfort or inflammation when the medicine is placed, or while you are holding it in your bladder. This might become less noticeable with time with repeat treatments.

You might see a garlic- or onion-like taste in your mouth while you are getting dimethyl sulfoxide. This effect might last for several hours after you get the medicine, and you might likewise notice these odors on your breath or skin. This is a normal adverse effects of dimethyl sulfoxide and is not trigger for issue.

This is not a total list of side effects and others may take place. Call your doctor for medical guidance about negative effects. You may report adverse effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What is the most essential details I should know about Dimethyl Sulfoxide (Rimso-50)?

You must not be treated with dimethyl sulfoxide if you dislike it.

  • Inform your physician if you have actually ever had:
  • bladder or kidney cancer; or
  • vision issues.
  • It is not known whether this medication will harm an unborn infant. Tell your physician if you are pregnant or strategy to conceive.
  • It might not be safe to breast-feed while utilizing this medicine. Ask your doctor about any danger. (9 )

Person And Animal Metabolism

DMSO is metabolized in people by oxidation to dimethyl sulfone, DMSO2 or by reduction to dimethyl sulfide, DMS. DMSO and DMSO2 are excreted in the urine and feces. DMS is gotten rid of through the breath and skin with a particular “garlic” or “oyster-like” smell. Human excretion of orally administered DMSO is total within 120 hours, with urinary excretion being the main pathway. The rate of renal clearance has actually been shown to be similar for chronic and singly administered dosages regardless of dose concentration. No recurring build-up of DMSO has been reported in people or lower animals who have actually received DMSO treatment for drawn-out amount of times, despite path of dosage administration.

Metabolite Toxicity

The metabolites of DMSO are DMSO2, which naturally occurs at low levels in human urine (PDR, 1994) 8, and DMS, which naturally happens in plants, the environment, and lakes and oceans (Pearson et al., 1981) 9. Both of these metabolites are easily excreted from the body. Based upon their extensive natural event and prepared deterioration and/or excretion, the production of these metabolites from the proposed use of DMSO on food producing plants is not expected to pose any toxicological issue.

Results On Other Organisms

Results on Plants. DMSO by itself and DMSO with prescription antibiotics, minerals, nutrients, pesticides and other products have been sprayed on, injected into, painted on, and fed to a range of plants. It has a low order of phytotoxicity in these applications.

Results on Fish. Wilford11investigated the toxicity of DMSO in water to 9 species of fish. At 96 hours, the LC-50 was 32,000 to 43,000 ppm DMSO (3 – 4%). This is far less harmful than acetone (fingernail polish remover) and other commonly utilized solvents.

Effects on Sewage Plants. DMSO is eco-friendly in biological systems. It is converted in part to methyl sulfone and to dimethyl sulfide. The sulfone is steady and inert and broken down just gradually by microbes or physical factors. At high concentrations, some DMS might escape, producing its characteristic odor.

Natural Occurrences In Food

The occurrence of DMSO and its metabolites, dimethyl sulfide and methyl sulfone (DMSO2), have actually been extensively reported in a range of foods. Pearson9 and coworkers reported discovering 0.07 to 16 ppm DMSO, in addition to DMSO2, in 14 fruits, veggies or drinks. This natural incident guarantees that the body can deal with DMSO by well-established metabolic procedures. Naturally-occurring DMSO has been recognized in alfalfa, asparagus, barley, beans, beets, cabbage, corn, cucumbers, oats, onions, Swiss chard, tomatoes, apples, raspberries, spearmint, beer, milk, coffee and tea. DMSO concentrations in fresh fruits, vegetables and grains varied from undetected (<< 0.05 parts per million) to 1.8 ppm.


DMSO is not mutagenic to Salmonella, Drosophila, and fish cell cultures. Since DMSO is so non-reactive as a mutagen, it is widely utilized as a solvent in mutagenicity screening. Although DMSO is bacteriostatic or bactericidal at concentrations of 5-50%, there is no proof that DMSO triggers chromosomal aberrations at levels that are not straight poisonous to cells. Bone marrow smears from primates (rhesus monkeys) that received oral or topical doses of DMSO for 18 months showed no DMSO effects (Vogin et al., 1970) 12. An in vivo cytogenetics study of DMSO administered by intraperitoneal injection to male rats discovered a substantial boost in aberrant femoral bone marrow cells when compared to controls (Kapp and Eventoff, 1980) 13. However, proof from the Salmonella research studies and other toxicology data, specifically the teratology information, suggests that the boost in aberrant femoral cells likely arised from direct toxicity of DMSO injected into an animal instead of a timeless “mutagenic” action.

According to Brayton (1986 ), there are no recorded unfavorable hereditary effects reported as a result of medicinal DMSO usages (including quasi-medicinal usages for treatment of arthritis or sprains and strains). In addition, no adverse hereditary results have actually been reported from occupational direct exposure to DMSO in over 40 years of commercial usage (Brayton, 1986). There is no proof that DMSO causes chromosomal aberrations at levels that are not straight poisonous to cells.

Reproductive And Developmental Toxicity

A mouse teratology NOEL of 12g/kg/day has been developed based on research study with a 50% DMSO solution administered orally. Additional teratogenicity studies of orally administered DMSO to pregnant mice, rats, bunnies and guinea pigs have demonstrated that DMSO is not a teratogen in mammals except at high levels that cause obvious maternal toxicity and are coincident with the maximum tolerated dose. The information recommend that DMSO is not teratogenic at low levels despite the route of administration. Finally, the teratogenic capacity of DMSO depends on the route of administration, the dosage level and gestation stage at direct exposure.

The one study (Robens, 1968) that did show proof of teratogenic effects (in hamsters, among 3 animal types tested) from oral administration of DMSO is improper to use for a teratologic evaluation of DMSO for the following reasons:.

DMSO was not the compound of interest but was used just as a solvent control at two very high dosage levels which precluded establishing a NOEL.

Among the DMSO levels checked led to maternal death and was clearly beyond the optimum tolerated dose (MTD).

DMSO is not considered to be directly embryotoxic and has been shown to be a successful cryoprotectant for mammalian semen and embryos (Brayton, 1986).

In summary, the evidence of the above teratology data suggests that:

DMSO is not a teratogen to mammals when administered via oral and dermal paths at dose levels that do not produce obvious maternal toxicity.

DMSO is not a teratogen at low dosage levels no matter the route of administration.

The teratogenic potential of DMSO depends on route of administration, the dose level and the gestational time of direct exposure.


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