Dandelion

Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) is an herb belonging to Europe. The leaf, flower, and root have been used for various infections, but with little evidence.

Dandelion is discovered throughout moderate climates of the northern hemisphere. It includes chemicals that might decrease swelling, increase urine production, and avoid crystals from forming in the urine that could cause infections in the kidneys and urinary tract.

People use dandelion for conditions such as swollen tonsils, kidney infections, UTIs, and numerous others, but there is no good scientific proof to support these uses. [2]

History of Dandelions

Plant historians know that dandelions have been an important part of traditional Chinese medicine for a minimum of a thousand years. The plants, believed to be native to the Mediterranean, were popular by ancient Greeks, Romans and Egyptians. Medicinally, dandelion roots and leaves were utilized as a tonic to get rid of contaminants from the bloodstream, serving as a mild diuretic to enhance the function of the digestive system. Ancient physicians didn’t understand much about nutrition and vitamin deficiencies, however they recognized that dandelions helped with a host of problems, consisting of kidney, stomach and liver disorders, skin irritations, heartburn, gall bladder problems, diabetes, arthritis, anemia, constipation, toothaches, fevers, survey, and even warts and dandruff. The benefits aren’t unexpected, and modern herbalists now comprehend that growing dandelions are rich in Vitamins C, E and A, in addition to calcium, potassium, zinc and iron. The plants were also appreciated for their charm. Dandelions were used to make dye– pale yellow from the sunny yellow blooms and a purplish tint from the inner ribs of the leaves. Even today, numerous gardeners use the plants to make nutritious tea and tasty wine. Botanists state that some species of dandelion are belonging to North America. Nevertheless, historians think that early European inhabitants introduced the two most familiar species: red-seeded dandelion (Taraxacum erythrospermum) and the common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) to the New World for their dietary and medicinal benefits. Both types have naturalized and growing dandelions are now discovered across the country, specifically in disrupted soil such as croplands, building sites, along roadsides and, of course– lawns. [3]

Description

Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) is a common meadow herb of the Asteraceae or sunflower family. There are about 100 species of dandelion, and all are helpful. This sun-loving beauty hails.

Greece, naturalized in temperate regions throughout the world, and familiar to almost everyone. The perennial dandelion grows easily anywhere it can discover a bit of earth and a place in the sun. Dandelion’s nutritive and medical qualities have actually been known for centuries.

Dandelion’s typical name is originated from the French damage de lion, a referral to the irregular and jagged margins of the lance-shaped leaves. There are numerous folk names for this widely-used herb. They consist of pissabed, Irish daisy, blow ball, lion’s tooth, bitterwort, wild endive, priest’s crown, doonheadclock, yellow gowan, puffball, clock flower, swine snort, fortune-teller, and cankerwort. The generic name is believed to be derived from the Greek words taraxos, meaning disorder, and akos, implying solution. Another possible derivation is from the Persian tark hashgun, suggesting wild endive, among dandelion’s typical names. The particular classification officinale shows that this herb was officially noted as a medical. Dandelion held a location in the United States National Formulary from 1888 until 1965, and the dried root of dandelion is noted in the United States Pharmacopoeia (USP).

Dandelion may be distinguished from other similar-looking herbs by the hollow, leafless flower stems which contain a bitter milky-white liquid also found in the root and leaves. The dark green dandelion leaves, with their irregular, deeply jagged margins, have an unique hairless mid-rib. The leaves are arranged in a rosette pattern, and may grow to 1.5 ft (45.7 cm) in length. They have a.

beautiful magenta tint that extends up along the inner rib of the stalk less leaf. When the plant is used as a dye, it yields this purple shade. Dandelion blooms are singular and round, with compact golden-yellow petals. They flower from early spring up until well into autumn atop hollow stalks that might reach from 4– 8 in (10.2 ndash; 20.3 cm) tall. The golden blooms yield a pale yellow dye for wool. After blooming, dandelion develops a round cluster of achenes, or seed cases. As lots of as 200 of these narrow seed cases, each with a single seed, form the characteristic puffball. Each achene is topped with a white, feathery tuft to bring it on the breeze. Dandelion’s tap root might grow fat, and reach as deep as 1.5 ft (45.7 cm) in loose soil. The root has various hairy rootlets. Dandelion is a durable herb and will regrow from root parts left in the ground during harvest. [4]

Ecology

Taraxacum officinale is belonging to Europe and Asia, and was initially imported to America as a food crop. It is now naturalized throughout The United States and Canada, southern Africa, South America, New Zealand, Australia, and India. It happens in all 50 states of the United States and most Canadian provinces. It is considered a poisonous weed in some jurisdictions, and is thought about to be a nuisance in residential and recreational lawns in North America. It is likewise a crucial weed in agriculture and causes substantial economic damage because of its infestation in many crops worldwide.

officinale can act as an indication plant for soil potassium and calcium, as the plant favors soils with relatively low concentrations of calcium, but favors soils with reasonably high concentrations of potassium.

The dandelion is a common colonizer of disturbed habitats, both from wind blown seeds and seed germination from the seed bank. The seeds stay practical in the seed bank for several years, with one study showing germination after nine years. This types is a rather prolific seed manufacturer, with 54 to 172 seeds produced per head, and a single plant can produce more than 5,000 seeds a year. It is.

approximated that more than 97,000,000 seeds/hectare could be produced yearly by a dense stand of dandelions. When launched, the seeds can be spread out by the wind up to a number of hundred meters from their source. The seeds are likewise a typical impurity in crop and forage seeds. The plants are adaptable to most soils and the seeds are not dependent on cold temperatures before they will germinate but they require to be within the leading 2.5 cm (1 in) of soil.

officinale is food for the caterpillars of numerous Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths), such as the tortrix moth Celypha rufana. See likewise List of Lepidoptera that feed on dandelions.

Even though dandelion pollen is of poor dietary quality for honey bees, they easily consume it, and it can be an essential source of dietary diversity in greatly managed monocultures such as that of blueberries. Honey bees have not been shown to decrease their pollination activity on close-by fruit crops when foraging on dandelions.

While not in flower, this species is sometimes confused with others, such as Chondrilla juncea, that have comparable basal rosettes of foliage. Another plant, often described as fall dandelion, is really comparable to dandelion, but produces “yellow fields” later. Its flowers resemble a few of the types of Sonchus, however are bigger. [5]

Health advantages of dandelion

Although it’s typically dismissed as little more than a stubborn yard weed, dandelion has actually been used in numerous forms of traditional medicine for centuries.

While Taraxacum officinale is the most common type, numerous other dandelion species exist.

Not just can the leaves, roots, and flower include a pop of color to your plate, but they’re likewise often found in natural teas and supplements, where they’re used as a natural remedy to support blood sugar level management and boost skin, liver, and heart health.

Here are 13 prospective health benefits of dandelion, in addition to some typical risks and side effects.

Extremely nutritious

From root to flower, dandelions are extremely healthy plants filled with vitamins, minerals, and fiber.

Dandelion greens can be consumed prepared or raw and are an excellent source of vitamins A, C, and K. They also contain vitamin E, folate, and small amounts of other B vitamins.

What’s more, dandelion greens supply a significant quantity of a number of minerals, consisting of iron, calcium, magnesium, and potassium.

The root of the dandelion is rich in the carb inulin, a type of soluble fiber discovered in plants that supports the growth and upkeep of healthy gut bacteria in your digestion tract.

Dandelion root is typically dried and made into tea, however you can also eat it entire as you do other root veggies.

Summary

The nutritional content of dandelion reaches all parts of the plant. Dandelion is a rich source of fiber and many vitamins and minerals.

Contains potent anti-oxidants

Dandelion has plenty of potent anti-oxidants, which might explain many of its medicinal homes.

Antioxidants are compounds that assist reduce the effects of totally free radicals– particles that are an item of normal metabolic process however add to chronic disease risk if levels get expensive in your body. For that reason, antioxidants are crucial for keeping your body healthy.

Dandelions include high levels of the antioxidant beta carotene, which might secure versus cell damage and oxidative tension.

They’re also rich in another kind of anti-oxidants called polyphenols, which are discovered mostly in the flower however happen in the roots, leaves, and stems as well.

Summary

Dandelions are a rich source of beta carotene and polyphenol compounds, both of which may reduce the effects of hazardous complimentary radicals and secure versus persistent illness.

Might assist fight swelling

Dandelion might reduce swelling, thanks to particular compounds such as polyphenols.

Inflammation is a normal immune system reaction to injury or infection. Nevertheless, long-term inflammation might lead to long-term damage to your body’s tissues and DNA.

Some test-tube research studies note considerably reduced markers of swelling in cells treated with compounds drawn out from dandelion.

One research study in mice with inflammatory lung disease showed a significant decrease of lung swelling in those that got dandelion.

Still, human research study is needed.

Summary

Minimal animal and test-tube research study recommends that dandelion has anti-inflammatory residential or commercial properties, though human research studies are doing not have.

May aid in blood sugar management

Chicoric and chlorogenic acid are 2 bioactive compounds in dandelion that may help decrease blood glucose levels.

Test-tube and animal research studies reveal that these compounds might improve the secretion of insulin– a hormone that controls blood sugar level levels– along with the absorption of glucose (sugar) in your muscles.

This process causes enhanced insulin level of sensitivity and lowered blood sugar levels.

In some animal studies, chicoric and chlorogenic acid also limited the digestion of starchy, high carbohydrate foods, which might even more add to dandelion’s capability to lower blood sugar level levels.

Although these results are motivating, more research study is required in people.

Summary

Dandelion includes bioactive substances that have been revealed to decrease blood glucose in animal and test-tube research studies. Nevertheless, human research study is still needed.

May lower cholesterol and triglyceride levels

Some substances in dandelion may reduce triglyceride and cholesterol levels, both of which are crucial danger factors for heart disease.

In one test-tube research study, dandelion leaf and root extract decreased triglyceride accumulation in fat cells.

Similarly, a 4-week animal study showed that administering dandelion leaf extract to rats significantly decreased levels of total cholesterol and triglycerides.

What’s more, an older bunny study revealed that adding dandelion roots and leaves to a high cholesterol diet decreased cholesterol levels.

However, current research study is restricted to test-tube and animal research studies.

Summary

Some animal research studies suggest that dandelion reduces cholesterol and triglyceride levels, however research study in humans is required.

May lower blood pressure

Although some people declare that dandelion might decrease high blood pressure, studies are limited.

Standard organic medication uses dandelion for its diuretic impact based upon the belief that it can cleanse particular organs.

In Western medicine, diuretic medications are used to rid the body of excess fluid, which might assist reduce high blood pressure levels.

One older human study discovered dandelion to be an efficient diuretic. Nevertheless, this research study was brief and involved just 17 individuals.

Dandelion also consists of potassium, a mineral associated with reduced blood pressure in those with formerly raised levels. Therefore, this plant may have an indirect impact on high blood pressure due to its potassium material.

Significantly, this result isn’t special to dandelion– it applies to any potassium-rich food eaten as part of a healthy diet.

Summary

Dandelion may lower high blood pressure as a result of its diuretic impact and potassium content. Nevertheless, really little research is offered.

May promote liver health

Some animal research studies recommend that dandelion extract might protect versus liver damage and illness.

In fact, one animal study discovered that it assisted prevent liver damage in mice exposed to salt dichromate, a compound utilized to cause liver injury.

Other animal studies have shown that dandelion extract might decrease levels of excess fat saved in the liver and protect versus oxidative stress.

However, human research is needed.

Summary

Animal research studies indicate that dandelion may protect against liver damage, but more research is needed in humans.

May aid weight reduction

Some research shows that dandelions and their substances might support weight control, though the data isn’t definitive.

Some scientists suggest that dandelion’s ability to enhance carb metabolic process and lower fat absorption might cause weight reduction. Nevertheless, this theory has yet to be scientifically proven.

One study in mice also recommends that dandelion extract may aid weight management by reducing fat absorption.

Another research study in mice discovered that chlorogenic acid, a substance found in dandelion, lowered body weight, decreased fat accumulation, and modified levels of specific proteins associated with weight control.

Still, more high quality research in people is needed.

Summary

Some animal studies keep in mind that dandelion substances might support weight control, however no human studies have actually assessed this impact.

May have anticancer results

Possibly among the most appealing health claims about dandelion extract is its possible to prevent the development of cancerous cells in various organ systems.

A 4-week research study in rats showed that administering dandelion root extract modified particular paths associated with suppressing the development and spread of breast cancer cells.

Other test-tube studies have found that dandelion root extract might slow the development of cancer cells in liver, colon, and stomach tissue.

These findings are encouraging, but human research study is doing not have.

Summary

Several test-tube research studies have actually determined that dandelion extract might slow the development of specific types of cancer. However, research study is required in people.

Might assistance healthy digestion and treat constipation

Dandelion is typically used in traditional medicine to treat irregularity and enhance gastrointestinal health.

One older animal research study found a considerable increase in the rates of stomach contractions and stomach emptying in rats treated with dandelion extract.

Dandelion root is also a rich source of the prebiotic fiber inulin, which has been revealed to lower irregularity and promote the movement of food through the digestion system.

What’s more, with more than 3 grams of fiber per cooked cup (105 grams), dandelion greens might bump up your fiber intake. Fiber supports bowel regularity and safeguards versus a range of digestive conditions, consisting of hemorrhoids and diverticulitis.

Summary

Dandelion is rich in fiber and prebiotic compounds such as inulin– both of which might support bowel consistency, among other digestive benefits.

May boost immune health

Some research study indicates that dandelion might have antimicrobial and antiviral homes, which may support your body’s capability to fight infection.

Several test-tube studies have found that dandelion extract significantly lowers infections’ capability to replicate.

Research study also suggests that some active substances in dandelion safeguard versus numerous harmful germs.

Ultimately, more research study is required in humans.

Summary

Although research study in people is doing not have, some test-tube studies recommend that dandelion has antiviral and antibacterial homes.

Might be a helpful skin care treatment

Animal and test-tube research keeps in mind that dandelion extract may protect against skin damage triggered by sunshine, aging, and acne.

In one study, dandelion leaf and flower extracts prevented skin damage when used prior to or immediately after direct exposure to UVB radiation, which is the radiation you obtain from sunshine. Interestingly, dandelion root did not have the very same impact.

An older test-tube research study revealed that dandelion root extract increased the generation of new skin cells, which may support your skin’s appearance as you age.

Furthermore, older research study indicates that dandelion extract might decrease skin inflammation and irritation while increasing hydration and collagen production. This may work in preventing and treating particular kinds of acne.

However, current research on the effects of dandelion on skin health is lacking, and studies are restricted to test tubes and animals.

Summary

Animal and test-tube studies recommend that dandelion might secure versus skin damage caused by sun damage, aging, and acne. Additional research in humans is needed.

May assistance healthy bones

Extremely little research has been conducted on dandelion’s effect on bone health, though a few of its specific nutrients add to the upkeep of strong, healthy bones.

Dandelion greens are a good source of calcium and vitamin K, both of which play an essential function in bone health.

One little study linked an increased intake of vitamin K-rich leafy green veggies to lower blood levels of osteocalcin, a protein found in your bones. This recommends that eating more leafy greens such as dandelion greens may help prevent bone loss.

Inulin, a fiber discovered in dandelion root, may likewise support healthy bones by improving digestion and gut health.

Furthermore, some research suggests that the antioxidants in dandelion and other greens play a crucial role in bone health and secure versus bone loss by decreasing oxidative stress.

Summary

Research study on dandelion’s results on bone health is lacking, though some components of the plant are understood to support the upkeep of strong bones. [6]

What is dandelion tea?

You can make dandelion tea from the leaves, flowers, or roots of the plants, with the latter being the most common technique. Organic tea made with the flowers tends to be more fragile and sweet than those made with the roots or leaves. Dandelion leaves are typically gathered in the spring while the roots and flowers for tea are eliminated in the fall. Dandelion tea can likewise be found in tea bags at your regional tea shop.

The dandelion plant is known by the botanical name Taraxacum officinale. This plant is frequently utilized to make dandelion tea and dandelion wine along with dandelion jelly and jams. These plants derive their name from the French phrase “dent-de-lion,” which equates to lion’s tooth.

Taste

Dandelion tea is typically fragile and gently sweet in flavor. Roasted dandelion teas like dandelion coffee tend to have a stronger, toasty flavor and a much deeper scent. The dandelion plant is not overpowering so it can be integrated with vibrant flavors such as masala chai and black tea leaves. It is typically sweeten or seasoned utilizing citrus fruits and other garden greens. [7]

How to make dandelion tea?

Dish for dandelion tea

Because Dandelion is stated to be used for combating cancer cells, Dandelion Root Tea need to be your option for the cause and to support health. Here’s how you can make a tasty cup of this goodness.

  1. Pour 8 oz of water into the saucepan. That would be 1 cup.
  2. Boil it at 140 degrees Fahrenheit.
  3. Add 2 tablespoon of dried Dandelion Root.
  4. Let it steep for a minimum of 3 minutes
  5. Shut off the burner and let the mix steep for 30 minutes.
  6. Restrain the mixture in a cup.
  7. Add honey as per your taste. You can use 1 1/2 tablespoon.

Enjoy!!

How to make dandelion flower tea?

  1. Pick 10 Dandelion heads (flower) and discard the leaves connected to it. If you are using packed Dandelion flower, add 2 tablespoons.
  2. Keep this active ingredient in a pitcher.
  3. Let boil 1 cup of water in a pan.
  4. When the water is hot enough, pour it in the pitcher.
  5. Let it high for 20 minutes.
  6. Restrain the mix.
  7. Add 2 tablespoon of honey and stir well.

Voila! Here is your Dandelion Flower tea. You can consume it as an iced tea too. Just let it cool in the refrigerator or add ice cubes. [8]

Dandelion adverse effects

Get emergency medical aid if you have indications of an allergy: hives; trouble breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Although not all side effects are understood, dandelion is thought to be possibly safe for most people.

This is not a total list of side effects and others might occur. Call your doctor for medical guidance about adverse effects. [9]

How should I take dandelion?

When thinking about using herbal supplements, seek the recommendations of your medical professional. You might also think about consulting a practitioner who is trained in making use of herbal/health supplements.

If you choose to use dandelion, utilize it as directed on the plan or as directed by your doctor, pharmacist, or other healthcare provider. Do not utilize more of this item than is recommended on the label.

Call your doctor if the condition you are treating with dandelion does not improve, or if it worsens while using this item.

Shop at room temperature level away from wetness and heat. [10]

Possible interactions

Dandelion leaf might serve as a diuretic, which can make drugs leave your body much faster. It likewise interacts with a variety of medications that are broken down by the liver. If you are taking prescription medications, ask your medical professional prior to taking dandelion leaf. Medications that might interact with dandelion consist of:.

  • Antacids: Dandelion may increase the amount of stomach acid, so antacids may not work too.
  • Blood-thinning medications (anticoagulants and antiplatelets): It is possible that dandelion may increase the threat of bleeding, specifically if you already take blood thinners such as aspirin, warfarin (Coumadin), or clopidogrel (Plavix).
  • Diuretics (water pills): Dandelion may serve as a diuretic, triggering your body to produce more urine to get rid of excess fluid. If you likewise take prescription diuretics, or other herbs that function as diuretics, you could be at risk of electrolyte imbalances.
  • Lithium: Lithium is used to deal with bipolar disorder. Animal research studies suggest that dandelion might get worse the negative effects of lithium.
  • Ciproflaxin (Cipro): One species of dandelion, Taraxacum mongolicum, likewise called Chinese dandelion, may reduce the quantity of the antibiotic ciproflaxin that your body takes in. Scientists do not know whether the typical dandelion would do the same thing.
  • Medications for diabetes: Theoretically, dandelion may lower blood sugar levels. If you take medications for diabetes, taking dandelion might increase the risk of low blood sugar level.
  • Medications broken down by the liver: Dandelion can interact with a variety of medications. To be safe, ask your doctor before taking dandelion if you take any medication. [11]

Safety measures

Prevent taking dandelion if you dislike any of the following plants:.

  • Ragweed
  • Chrysanthemums
  • Marigold
  • Chamomile
  • Feverfew
  • Yarrow
  • Plants in the Asteraceae household (such as sunflowers and daisies)

Individuals who are allergic to dandelion might experience rash, watery eyes, and other allergy symptoms. Dandelion also contains iodine and latex, so prevent it if you have allergies to either of these products.

Individuals who are pregnant or breast feeding and kids should not take dandelion treatments due to the lack of research into their long-term security. Dandelion is believed to be a galactagogue (a substance that may increase milk production); nevertheless, no significant research study supports its usage and should be talked about with your lactation expert or health care supplier. [12]

Conclusion

Ultraviolet (UV) irradiation causes damage in skin by producing excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) and induction of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), causing skin photo ageing. Dandelion extracts have long been used for traditional Chinese medicine and native American medicine to treat cancers, liver disease, and digestive illness; however, less is understood on the effects of dandelion extracts in skin picture ageing. Here we discovered that dandelion leaf and flower extracts significantly secure UVB irradiation-inhibited cell viability when added before UVB irradiation or immediately after irradiation. Dandelion leaf and flower extracts prevented UVB irradiation-stimulated MMP activity and ROS generation. Dandelion root extracts revealed less action on securing HDFs from UVB irradiation-induced MMP activity, ROS generation, and cell death. In addition, dandelion leaf and flower but not root extracts promoted glutathione generation and glutathione reductase mRNA expression in the existence or lack of UVB irradiation. We likewise found that dandelion leaf and flower extracts assist soak up UVB irradiation. In addition, dandelion extracts significantly protected HDFs from H2O2-induced cellular senescence. In conclusion, dandelion extracts especially leaf and flower extracts are potent protective agents versus UVB damage and H2O2-induced cellular senescence in HDFs by suppressing ROS generation and MMP activities and helping UVB absorption. [13]

Referrals

  1. Https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/dandelion
  2. Https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-706/dandelion
  3. Https://blog.gardeningknowhow.com/tbt/dandelion-plant-history-facts/
  4. Https://www.encyclopedia.com/plants-and-animals/plants/plants/dandelion
  5. Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/taraxacum_officinale#ecology
  6. Https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/dandelion-benefits#toc_title_hdr_14
  7. Https://senchateabar.com/blogs/blog/how-to-make-dandelion-tea
  8. Https://teaswan.com/blogs/news/how-to-make-dandelion-tea
  9. Https://www.drugs.com/mtm/dandelion.html#side-effects
  10. Https://www.emedicinehealth.com/drug-dandelion/article_em.htm#howtake
  11. Https://www.mountsinai.org/health-library/herb/dandelion
  12. Https://www.verywellhealth.com/the-benefits-of-dandelion-root-89103#toc-precautions
  13. Https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26576225/
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