Catnip is a plant. The blooming tops are utilized to make medication. Catnip is used for problem sleeping (insomnia); anxiety; migraine and other headaches; cold and other upper breathing infections; influenza; swine flu; fever; hives; worms; and intestinal (GI) upset, consisting of indigestion, colic, cramping, and gas (flatulence). It is also utilized as a tonic, for increasing urination, and for starting menstrual durations in ladies with delayed onset of menstruation. Some people use catnip directly to the skin for arthritis, piles, and as a compress to ease swelling. Some people also smoke catnip medicinally for breathing conditions and recreationally for a “high.” In production, catnip is used as a pesticide and insecticide. [2]
Catnip, (Nepeta cataria), likewise called catmint, herb of the mint family (Lamiaceae), kept in mind for its fragrant leaves, which are particularly exciting to cats. Catnip is commonly grown by cat owners for their family pets, and the dried leaves are often utilized as a packing for feline playthings. The herb is belonging to Eurasia and is used as a flavoring and as a medicinal tea for colds and fever in some locations. Understand catnip’s psychedelic quality that sets off excitatory responses in cats and how kitty litter( fuller’s earth) along with ingredients like baking soda, synthetic aromas, and anti-bacterial representatives takes in foul-smelling cat urine Catnip is a temporary perennial herb. The stems are generally square and bear oppositely organized toothed leaves. The plant produces spikes of little white purple-dotted flowers and easily reseeds itself. The leaves and stems include a volatile oil called nepetalactone, which stimulates sensory neurons in many felines, attracting them to the plant. The impact usually lasts about 10 minutes and sets off a vast array of behaviours, including purring, rolling, vocalizations, head rubbing, drooling, jumping, and often hostility. [3]


Catnip has rather mystical and uncertain origins. Popular belief attributes the discovery and use of this plant to Etruria, which is an ancient nation that was positioned in west-central Italy in the 7th century BC.However, with the olden love that Ancient Egyptians had for felines, there are also theories that it’s the Ancient Egyptians that began cultivating and offering catnip to them. Regardless, catnip has actually been around for centuries, and records of its usage can be found in Ancient Roman texts. The Ancient Roman city, Nepeta, was especially renowned for growing catnip and using it in medicine and cooking. Lots of Ancient Romans grew herb gardens in the house, and catnip was often included in them. With the domestication of cats already being developed for centuries, it would be not a surprise that Ancient Romans noticed cats communicating with catnip in their house herb gardens. In the Middle Ages, catnip was a common organic medicine and cooking component. The well-established reputation of this herb made it simple to be included on the list of travel products for cross-continental trips. Catnip made its way to the Americas sometime in the 18th century. American colonists typically utilized catnip in tea, or they utilized it topically. In fact, a Massachusetts dish written in 1712 noted catnip as an ingredient for developing ale.

In 1941, the researcher SM mcelvain and his team of researchers discovered and isolated nepetalactone, the chemical responsible for triggering reactions from cats. Understanding the causal aspect that activated reactions from felines helped to improve and innovate the development of catnip products, such as catnip sprays. Today, it’s tough to discover a family pet shop or online seller that doesn’t sell catnip. The success stories of a number of top quality catnip manufacturers, such as Cosmic Catnip, likewise paved the way for producing premium catnip, and the requirement for catnip rose significantly. [4]


Catnip is a vigorous and weedy herbaceous seasonal native to Eurasia in the mint family (Lamiaceae) that is hardy in zones 3-9. Extensively naturalized throughout temperate areas of the world, Nepeta cataria is one of numerous types that are described jointly as catmints. Typically discovered in disrupted locations, such as roadsides or field edges, along streams or on waste ground, this plant has fragrant leaves that most cats are drawn in to, although lots of people are not enamored of their pungent smell, variously described as a mix of thyme and oregano to “slightly skunky”.

Catnip has green to gray-green foliage on erect, branched stems and a rangy practice. Like other members of the mint family, it has the characteristic square stems of mint plants and opposite leaves with 1 inch petioles. The light green stems and petioles are covered with fine hairs. The triangular to ovate leaves are up to 3 inches long with coarse teeth along the edges (crenate margins) and are cordate at the base. Both upper and lower surface areas are covered with fine hairs, and a reticulated network of veins is plainly noticeable on the upper side. Plants pass away back to the ground in the winter, and fresh stems emerge in early spring. Plants can mature to 3 feet tall and wide under perfect conditions, and may form nests from the short rhizomes. Plants flower anytime from late spring through fall, flowering for one to two months. The small flowers (about 1/3 inch long) are borne in largely crowded whorls on spike-like terminal racemes. The specific bilabiate (two-lipped) flowers, common of the mint family, are white with pale purple or pink finding on the lower lip. The small upper lip has two lobes, while the lower lip has three lobes, with a bigger middle lobe with a frilly external edge. Bees of all types, wasps and flies, along with several types of butterflies, visit the nectar-laden flowers. Shearing after preliminary blooming promotes duplicated flowering. Flowers are changed by seed pills, each including 4 smooth, ovoid nutlets. Seed-eating birds, such as goldfinches, might check out the plants if not deadheaded. This plant reseeds readily, and may end up being an annoyance in some areas however is not usually thought about an intrusive plant in Wisconsin. To lower reseeding, cut the plants all the way to the ground after flowering. Catnip is not particularly noted for its decorative qualities, so it is seldom cultivated solely as an ornamental, or to attract butterflies, but it is typically grown for home felines. Other catmints with showier flowers and better-behaved routines (but less luring leaves for felines), such as Nepeta x faassenii or N. Racemosa, make better ornamentals, however N. Cateria could be integrated with other perennials in the border when it comes to the other catmints as part of a “cat-friendly backyard,” or included in an herb garden. It can likewise be grown in containers. Pinching back frequently will lead to a more compact and less weedy looking plant. Catnip grows finest in full sun and average, well-drained soil, but makes it through in partial shade and grows in bad soils. Soil moisture and fertility levels significantly affect plant size. When established, this plant is fairly drought tolerant. Pinching as the plants are maturing in the spring will assist develop a more thick, well-rounded plant if grown as a decorative. It is not favored by deer however could be harmed by strolling cats (mainly breaking the stems when rolling on the plant). Someone recommended putting a decorative bird cage over the plant to safeguard it from marauding cats and others advise growing it in a hanging basket to keep it out of reach. It is readily propagated by seed (sown seed indoors a couple of weeks prior to the last frost) or by division of established plants. [5]


A pot experiment was carried out during two successive seasons to report the variation of growth characters and vital oil composition of Nepeta cataria (catmint) and Nepeta cataria var. Citriodora (lemon catnip) plants. There are no substantial distinctions in between growth and yield characters of both plants. The outcomes indicated that necessary oil obtained from catmint and lemon catnip showed substantial irregularity in their content and chemical composition. Percentage of vital oil content of catmint 1st and second cuts throughout 1st season were 0.107% and 0.253% whereas taped for the second season 0.117% and 0.247%, respectively. Furthermore, lemon catnip plants provided 0.237% and 0.363 in the 1st season versus 0.243% and 0.350% in the second one during the very first and second cuts, respectively. The main vital oil constituents of catmint were 4a-α, 7-α, 7a-α-nepetalactone, 4a-α,7- β,7 a-α nepetalactone, geraniol and α-pinene while nerol, citronellal, neral and caryophyllene oxide were the primary constituents of lemon catnip. [6]

Nutritional Worth

Trusted nutrition details isn’t easily offered for catnip because so little of it is sold for human consumption. Nevertheless, it’s reasonable to assume that catnip tea, like all other teas, has little to no protein, fats, and carbs when intoxicated on its own. Catnip is abundant in antioxidants called flavonoids and phenolic acids. These consist of:.

  • Caffeic acid
  • Rosmarinic acid
  • Coumaric acid

Research studies show that rosmarinic acid has stronger antioxidant effects than vitamin E. Anti-oxidants prevent cell damage caused by free radicals, and minimize the danger of cancer and atherosclerosis. Rosmarinic acid is also utilized to treat stomach ulcers and asthma. [7]

5 Various Varieties of Catnip

Catnip is best referred to as the “drug of choice” for cats. Nevertheless, it likewise has a variety of health benefits for people. There are over 250 ranges. Below are a few of the much better recognized ranges you might consider for your garden.

Common Catnip

This is the range finest enjoyed by cats. The stem and leaves are covered in fine, downy hairs. The heart shaped leaves are gray-green with a scalloped edge. Tall spikes above the leaves are covered in white flowers. The plant will grow up to 3 feet tall.

Camphor Catnip

Camphor catnip gives off camphor instead of the standard, minty odor. It is not popular with cats. The plant looks much the same as common catnip, except the flowers have purple dots in the throat and it just grows to 18 inches high.

Greek Catnip

This range of catnip is a pale green, practically white. The flowers are pink. It is smaller than common catnip, just growing to 18 inches.

Lemon Catnip

Lemon catnip looks much the same as typical catnip in size and color, though the flowers can have purple spots. It also smells strongly of lemon. This makes it less appealing to cats, but a beautiful option for making tea.


Catmint has purple flowers and only grows to 15 inches, however it is otherwise much like common catnip. Its little size and brilliant flowers make it an excellent filler in a flower garden. [8]


Probably the most essential health benefits of catnip include its ability to relax uneasy sleep, reduce anxiety and tension, soothe menstrual discomfort, help eliminate eating disorders, ease stomach pain, speed up the healing from colds and fevers, detoxify the body, lower inflammation throughout the body, and even speed wound recovery. Let’s take specific notification at some of the finest health advantages of catnip.

1. Stress Relief

The same quality that makes catnip so attracting cats, namely since it makes them somewhat “high” and sedates them, may also refer to human beings in the more regulated way. Catnip can use tension relief and lower long-lasting anxiety just as one organic solution whenever eaten, consumed by means of a juice or even tea, or when smoked just as one herb. This might also help to minimize the secondary signs of long-lasting tension along with enhance your defense reaction.

2. Reduces Flatulence

Catnip has actually been broadly called a carminative throughout 17th century. It will assist to combat flatulence in addition to bloating by securing the gases stored in the abdominal area. You might either use it just as one important oil or even as tea. If you are using as oil, then include 3 to 4 drops into a tidy napkin as well as smell. A warm catnip tea together with ginger offers you with comparable benefits.

3. Sleep Help

Catnip has been utilized by people with sleeping disorders or perhaps sleep uneasyness for hundreds, if not thousands of years. The sedative nature allows you to minimize the body’s natural cycles along with cause a calm, unwinded state. Individuals have the ability to better sleep during the night for undisturbed, peaceful sleep. Great deals of people decide to consume a cup of catnip tea prior to going to sleep to ensure a refreshing sleep.

4. Delays Early Aging

Early ageing is troublesome for women. Taking in two cups of this tea is recognized to place your stress over this issue at rest. Catnip leaves consist of good amount of anti-oxidants. These kinds of antioxidants soak up the free radicals checking out within your body. The damaging components, if left unharnessed, result in fine lines, wrinkles, along with droops– symptoms and signs of early ageing. This specific herbal infusion helps avoid the beginning of these signs, speeds up the repair procedure, along with hold-ups early aging to some extent.

5. Gastrointestinal Concerns

Catnip is especially fantastic at clearing gastrointestinal issues, particularly constipation, excessive flatulence, cramping, and bloating. The relaxing, anti-inflammatory impacts of catnip’s organic compounds can ease the knots along with swelling within your intestinal system as well as reducing tightness along with pain.

6. Speeds up Injury Recovery Process

You might use a cool catnip infusion like a skin disinfectant to entirely clean up the inflicted region. This can assist in enhancing the repairing treatment for the tissues. It cleanses the wounds, serves as an antibacterial, as well as paves way for a quicker recovery as well as healing.

7. Deals With Nervous Disorders

The nervine qualities of the necessary oil produced from catnip works well for calming the nerve system, that makes it an ideal natural treatment for numerous nerve-related scenarios which includes vertigo, Parkinson’s illness, and Alzheimer’s disease. It motivates the nerves, promotes their functioning, therefore providing relief.

8. Menstrual Cramps

For girls dealing with especially unpleasant menstrual cramps, catnip tea is regularly recommended as a substitute treatment, since it can quickly reduce those cramps and tensions on the body. In addition, the sedative, calming impacts of catnip may likewise soothe other possible indications of menstruation, like mood swings in addition to depression.

9. Headache Reliever

Despite the fact that the precise mechanism isn’t completely comprehended, catnip has actually revealed to be really terrific at the management of headaches, even long-term migraines. Rubbing the important oil around the afflicted location might work, yet consuming catnip tea or rubbing a catnip leaf salve on the temples might also supply quick relief.

10. Natural Treatment For Dandruff

The astringent along with antibacterial qualities of the herb allow it to be utilized as a service for dandruff. Simply utilize a cool concoction of the herb in your scalp and hair and clean off after some time. You may also utilize this like a leave-on serum, in case the dandruff is triggered because of an irritated scalp.

11. Speeds the Recovery Process

In regards to colds and flus, among the fastest methods to clear out the body is normally to induce sweating and get the contaminants flushed through the system. This is particularly real in the matter of fevers, when the inadequate sweating before the fever breaks is simply keeping those toxic substances in addition to pathogens within the body. Catnip causes sweating, so is often recommended by alternative practitioners for the treatment of the common cold.

12. Moisturizes And Conditions Hair

Catnip tea is an incredible deep conditioning representative. Simply braid the hair and soak it in the catnip tea infusion. Alternatively, you can use it like a conditioning representative after shampooing the hair. It also acts as a leave in conditioner, keeping the hair hydrated in addition to conditioned. In addition, it leaves the hairs noticeably smooth and soft.

13. Anti-Inflammatory Activity

As specified previously, the chemical constituents of catnip are especially efficient as anti-inflammatory agents. Which means that catnip can be great at the management of arthritis, gout, sprained muscles, hurting joints, in addition to piles. Topical application or regular use of leaves, juice, or tea could be efficient for all of these circumstances.

14. Alleviates Cramps

The anti-spasmodic qualities of the herb offer rest from numerous types of cramps. It easily as well as effectively helps in reducing the tensed muscles along with grants you with instantaneous relief. That’s the factor a steam inhalation with some drops of the catnip necessary oil is recommended throughout bronchial asthma in addition to other spasmodic respiratory problems for faster relief.

15. Influenza Treatment

Catnip is really an useful house cure for influenza and cold for a lot of reasons. Substances within just catnip are seen to have anti-bacterial along with antiviral qualities, and may increase the defense mechanisms. Furthermore, it may assist break fevers, when you are under the weather so can continue to keep the body temperature down.

16. Skin problem

The natural repellent quality of catnip causes it to be well fit for keeping bugs faraway from gardens whenever kept just as one ornamental plant, but the natural substances within the plant make it well fit for soothing bug bites as well as relieving inflammation onto the skin. Using salves or extracts to inflamed or damaged skin can speed the healing process and lower swelling quickly.

17. Great For Weight-loss

Once again the diaphoretic property of the herb enters play. It triggers sweating, for that reason allows the removing of toxins through the body through sweat. The lower the toxins are, the more efficient your metabolic process levels be. A higher metabolic rate will increase fat burning procedure, which typically will help with weight reduction.

18. Total Nutrient

Although consuming catnip leaves is absolutely the least common kind of consumption for human beings, catnip in fact features a rather remarkable collection of nutrients, from beneficial chemicals and different organic compounds to necessary acids, minerals, and vitamins that the bodies require. To put it simply, the plant can carry out a lot more than knock out a feline!

19. Beneficial For Kidneys

Catnip is really a perhaps efficient diuretic that invokes regular urination. This, in turn is terrific for people who have renal failure activated edema. A cupful of this tea motivates urination, helping in excretion in addition to elimination of wastes through the kidneys. This will assist in faster healing in such conditions. [9]

Negative effects

Catnip has long been utilized in conventional medicine to ease many conditions. It’s believed to have numerous possible health benefits. Its impacts appear to depend on how you consume it and your dose.

It relaxes and sedates

You might be shocked to discover that catnip is primarily utilized by humans for its calming and sedative effects. This is a far cry from the goofy impact many felines seem to delight in. It’s tough to say how effective it is as a sedative, though. Aside from anecdotal evidence and a number of outdated animal studies, there isn’t much to go on in the research study world around humans and catnip. Catnip does include a compound called nepetalactone, nevertheless, which has residential or commercial properties similar to valerian, a popular organic sedative. The substance may promote relaxation, which is why individuals may use catnip to assist manage:.

  • Stress and anxiety
  • Restlessness
  • Insomnia

It may eliminate headaches

The soothing impact of catnip has also been believed to help eliminate headaches, There’s no clinical information to support using catnip as a headache treatment for humans. Plus, headaches are actually among the reported negative effects of catnip. Still, some individuals swear by catnip tea to assist eliminate their headaches.

It can treat specific kinds of infection

Catnip plasters made from the dried leaves and flowers of the plant are a folk remedy for toothaches that people still use today. Tea made from the herb has actually also been utilized for centuries to ease toothaches. It turns out that those individuals were onto something! Extracts of catnip have been reported to have anti-bacterial and antifungal residential or commercial properties that stop the development and adhesion of certain kinds of bacteria. There’s likewise that catnip’s antimicrobial homes might effectively deal with and avoid oral infections.

It’s an aphrodisiac– sort of

Catnip was once believed to have aphrodisiac residential or commercial properties. Now, this hasn’t been proven in humans, however an older animal had some fascinating results. [10]

Some Cautions

Always consult your doctor if you presume you have any severe health conditions and don’t just depend on any one organic treatment. While some people like to smoke it, it needs to be kept in mind that catnip burns rapidly and needs to be combined with tobacco. This means inhaling smoke, which is proven to be hazardous to your lungs and total health. It has actually been reported that some people believed it wasn’t worth cigarette smoking as they ended up being rather ill and were subjected to headaches and vomiting.

Other Cautions Include.

  • Avoid if pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Do not ingest if you have pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  • Don’t consume if you dislike mint
  • Avoid giving it to young kids or children
  • Keep away from eyes
  • Do not take catnip if driving or running heavy devices
  • Avoid consuming if you have a heavy menstruation [11]

For people suffering from liver or kidney conditions, using catnip may be risky, especially if you are regularly taking in the tea. Additionally, pregnant ladies need to avoid it, as it can too soon cause labor. Besides those particular issues, it is usually considered non-allergenic and safe to users. The high potency of the vital oil should be thought about, nevertheless, and extracts must constantly be blended with carrier oils. [12]


Simply put, catnip has a long history of human usage and is still consisted of today in lots of natural treatment compendiums. Although it might assist quell a stomachache or calm frazzled nerves, human beings experience couple of, if any, intoxicating results from catnip. So when it comes to “feelin’ groovy”, it’s best to leave the toy mice to the cats. [13]
Catnip isn’t just for cats either. Nepeta cataria is also known to assist people and has actually been used for its sedative residential or commercial properties for centuries. It has similar homes to chamomile and is also a very potent mosquito repellent.Luckily, felines can not overdose on catnip, however that doesn’t suggest you don’t need to know if what your cat is rolling around in is safe for them. [14]


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