Table of Contents
Calamus (Acorus calamus, Acoraceae), also called sweet flag, is a water plant, frequently found in marshes, similar to a cat-tail, with reed-like stems, sword-shaped leaves and long-branched, cigar-shaped rhizomes frequently immersed in mud, that chooses full sun. The tiny unnoticeable, yellow-green flowers appear off a long, thick, fleshy spike (spadix). Examination of the DNA has shown that this calamus is the earliest living lineage of the monocots.
The aroma, while found in all parts of the plant, is most fragrant in the roots. It has been referred to as sweet with a sharp tang and “a delicate combination of green leaves, roses, and orris with nuances of a tidy, fatty smell.” Calamus was included in Egyptian perfume solutions and may have been an ingredient in their premier perfume Kyphi. The Greeks included calamus in their Kyphi variations. No evidence exists that it was grown in Egypt, making it an expensive import from India and Syria. Rekhmere, the vizier to Tuthmosis III (1465 BCE), supervise the pharoah’s warehouses and consisted of scenes from his position on his burial place in Thebes. Consisted of two times are stacks of bound reeds, one between containers of incense and another with a recognized fragrance ingredient, with the hieroglyphic inscription kenen, believed to be calamus.
According to Pliny, the plant grew in Arabia, Syria, and India, with Syria having the superior quality. He explains the Syrian variety as having “an especially great aroma which draws in people even from a long way off … Inside television there is a sort of cobweb which is called the flower, the plant consisting of the majority of this is the very best. The staying tests of its goodness are that it should be black … and it is better the shorter and thicker it is and if it is pliant in its breaking.”
The blades were scattered as rushes in middle ages and Renaissance facilities, by both the gentry and the serfs, and was highly valued by the churches. Among the charges brought by the Crown against Cardinal Woolsey was his extreme use of the rushes which needed to be transferred to London from Norfolk and Suffolk.
The Greeks used it to treat eye illness, from whence the plant gets its name; akore is the Greek word for “without student”. The dried roots were widely utilized in bitters, vermouths, liqueurs, and sweets. In Europe, calamus decoctions were utilized to deal with indigestion, flatulence, and level of acidity. Calamus has actually been included in Ayurvedic medicine for countless years, and the Vedic seers held it in high esteem. 
Sweet flag is a herbaceous perennial, 2 m (79 in) high. Its leaves looks like those of the iris family. Sweet flag includes tufts of basal leaves that increase from a dispersing rhizome. The leaves are erect yellowish-brown, radical, with pink sheathing at their bases, sword-shaped, flat and narrow, tapering into a long, severe point, and have parallel veins. The leaves have smooth edges, which can be wavy or crimped. The sweet flag can be distinguished from iris and other comparable plants by the crimped edges of the leaves, the fragrant smell it produces when crushed, and the presence of a spadix.
Just plants that grow in water bear flowers. The solid, triangular flower-stems rise from the axils of the outer leaves. A semi-erect spadix emerges from one side of the flower stem. The spadix is strong, round, tapers at each end, and is 5 to 10 cm in length. A covering spathe, as is usual with Araceae, is missing. The spadix is densely crowded with small greenish-yellow flowers. Each flower contains six petals and stamens confined in a perianth with 6 departments, surrounding a three-celled, elongate ovary with a sessile stigma. The flowers are sweetly aromatic. In Europe, it flowers for about a month in late spring or early summertime, but does not bear fruit. The fruit is a berry filled with mucous, which when ripe falls under the water and distributes by drifting. In Asia, it likewise fruits moderately, and propagates itself mainly by development of its root, forming colonies.
The branched, cylindrical, knobby root is the thickness of a human finger and has various coarse fibrous roots listed below it. The outside is brown and the interior white.
Variety and habitat
Sweet flag grows in India, central Asia, southern Russia and Siberia, Europe and North America.  Environments consist of edges of small lakes, ponds and rivers, marshes, swamps, and other wetlands.  
Names and etymology
In addition to “sweet flag” and “calamus” other common names consist of beewort, bitter pepper root, calamus root, flag root, gladdon, myrtle flag, myrtle yard, myrtle root, myrtle sedge, pine root, sea sedge, sweet walking stick, sweet cinnamon, sweet grass, sweet myrtle, sweet root, sweet rush, and sweet sedge.
The generic name is the Latin word acorus, which is stemmed from the Greek άχόρου (áchórou) of Dioscorides (note different versions of the text have various spellings). The word άχόρου itself is believed to have actually been stemmed from the word κόρη (kóri), which suggests student (of an eye), because of the juice from the root of the plant being utilized as a treatment in diseases of the eye (‘ darkening of the student’).
The specific name calamus is derived from Greek κάλαμος (kálamos, implying “reed”), cognate to Latin culmus (” stalk”) and Old English healm (” straw”), Arabic قَلَم (qálam, “pen”) and Sanskrit लेखणी (lekhanee,” composing instrument”, in turn from Proto-Indo European * kole-mo- (thought to mean “turf” or “reed”). [citation required] The name “sweet flag” refers to its sweet fragrance and its similarity to Iris species, which are frequently called flags in English considering that the late fourteenth century. 
Medical Residences of Calamus/ Vasambhu
- The Calamus plant has numerous medicinal properties, each of which separately secures the body from numerous infections and provides stability.
- Vacha has Thermogenic, Emetic, Aromatic, Anthelmintic homes.
- Besides, it can effectively function as a Diuretic, Carminative, Laxative.
- This Sweet Flag consists of Anti-inflammatory, Antiseptic, Anti-convulsant, Antipyretic, Antispasmodic characteristics.
- It has the ability to promote Aphrodisiac, Expectorant.
- Calamus promotes aroma that makes the brain and nerve system invigorate. It likewise works against digestive conditions.
- As well as, it possesses chemical representatives such as Expectorant, Emmenagogue.
- Acorus Calamus has the properties of Anodyne drug that relieve the discomfort by decreasing the level of sensitivity of the nervous system and brain.
- The Sudorific is a chemical representative that causes sweating, this representative exists in the Vasambu herb.
- To eliminate the hazardous infection and bacteria in the human body Calamus has Insecticidal which is a type of pesticide.
- Additionally, this organic plant has Tranquilizing, Sedative, Nervine tonic, Tonic, and Lekhanya homes to supply a calming impact.
20 Health Benefits of Calamus (Sugary Food Flag)
The perennial herb Acorus Calamus has different amazing health advantages and medical worths. From ancient times till today the Sugary food Flag has actually been utilized in all the medical systems like Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani, especially in India it is quite in use.
Calamus is one of the most popular home remedies and is utilized for babies as it has no negative effects. These are added as the main ingredient in a lot of Ayurvedic medications.
In addition, the use of Calamus was widespread in Greece during the time of Hippocrates, known as the “Father of Medical Science”.
Besides, declarations made by well-known Greek doctors such as Dioscorides and Theophrastus about making uses of the sweet flag are still discovered in classical Greek literature today.
Here are a few of the advantages of such a popular herb:
1. Assists in Clearness of Voice
Sluggishness in the nerves of the tongue can result in slurred speech or poor voice. Although this is a temporary issue, online marketers, administrators, teachers, scientists, and other experts require great voice resources so they anticipate instant relief.
In such a scenario, Calamus gives the best relief and soothes the throat. Indians normally grind a well-dried Calamus root with a couple of drops of water and rub it on the child’s tongue, so that the kids can speak quickly and clearly.
In addition, it is utilized in combination with honey to enhance speech and voice.
2. Deals With Stomach Disorders
Sweet Flag is used to deal with all stomach related conditions like abdominal discomfort, muscle cramps, persistent diarrhea, puffed up stomach. Calamus is effective in eliminating pain and headaches brought on by digestion disorders.
The thin and long root of this plant is fried in coconut oil and then carefully ground till it ends up being a paste. Using this paste on the stomach for stomach discomfort triggered by indigestion and digestion conditions will give relief in a short time.
In Ayurvedic medicine, Calamus is used as an exceptional medicine to deal with gastric ulcers, gastritis, and anorexia. Indigestion is most common in newborns and the elderly, and Vacha is recommended for both to treat this problem.
Providing kids a pinch of Sweet Flag Powder in the morning and evening can easily damage the harmful worms in their gut.
3. Efficiently Cures Asthma
They fight persistent bronchitis and asthma due to the diverse medical residential or commercial properties found in calamus. This dried herb eases respiratory ailments by effectively dealing with chest decongestion and acting as a bronchodilator.
Clients with breathing and food poisonings can excrete impurities in the lungs and stomach by ingesting the preparation made by Vacha, which provides a comfy feel.
For that reason people with breathing system and stomach disorders are advised to drink 2 glasses of Calamus tea everyday.
4. Promotes Blood Circulation
The root of the Calamus plant has numerous medical homes that stimulate static blood circulation. It is also utilized to soften the nerves and regulate blood flow as the oil drawn out from the well-dried roots has a warming effect. Calamus is widely used to treat issues such as arthritis, rheumatism, inflammation, and pain associated with arthritis.
5. Remedies Cough and Fever
Both the Licorice root and Calamus root ought to be boiled well in water and after that filtered. Offering kids this filtered water instead of tablets can easily cure fever, cough, cold, colitis, stomach ulcers, and so on.
They likewise have a positive impact on the body. Individuals with a dry cough and rough cough can chew calamus root well and it will soothe the throat and treat the cough. A little piece of dried calamus root deals with an aching throat.
The Sugary food Flag destroys bacteria in the airways and helps to control the breathing process, thus you can get normal breathing function.
6. Fights Tobacco Addiction
People with tobacco chewing and smoking cigarettes practices discover it extremely challenging to prevent that habit, however with the help of Calamus root, it is much easier to forget the sense of smoking.
In addition, its juice is used to eliminate the waste built up in the lungs due to smoking cigarettes. To get rid of this unhealthy dependency put a piece of Calamus root in the mouth and chew it whenever that sensation comes.
Smoking is one of the unlawful activities that can impact the air passages and cause complex diseases consisting of shortness of breath, and Vacha helps to treat these conditions. You can easily give up the tobacco habit by chewing or consuming this fragrant root.
7. Dilates Blood Vessels
The high concentration of blood vessels can have very bad effects, in such cases diluting the capillary will secure the body from any kind of functional condition.
Brain blood vessel disorders can trigger a transient ischemic attack, cerebral palsy, coma, cerebral palsy, and so on. The Calamus plant considerably contributes to the dilution of the capillary in the brain, thereby greatly promoting the blood flow to the brain.
8. Alleviates Mouth Disorders
Sweet Flag is extremely efficient in treating halitosis, mouth ulcers, gingivitis, dental caries, and loss of enamel. Vacha is utilized in Ayurvedic medication as a strong anesthetic for toothache.
They are likewise the best treatment for the rawness of the tongue. A small piece of well-dried calamus can be chewed well, or its extract can be rubbed on the tongue, or brushed with finely powdered calamus root powder to deal with mouth-related issues.
9. Helps in Protective Skin Care
The paste made by carefully grinding the roots of Calamus is utilized externally to treat skin-related ailments like rash, scabies, ringworm, eczema, white spots, red spots, sunburn.
Making use of Sugary food Flag paste kills bacteria that accumulated on the skin and improves the health of the skin. Calamus is widely used in paranormal medicine to deal with vaginal infections and genital infections.
Besides, they are thought about as a natural disinfectant as they are abundant in anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anti-convulsant, antipyretic, and antispasmodic properties.
Calamus is utilized to treat serious discharge in men and to prevent genital infections in ladies after childbirth. The extract of Vacha and Lactose is included as the main ingredient in various skincare items as this herb has a moisturizing result on the skin.
10. Relieves Insomnia
It is highly recommended to deal with insomnia as the fragrance emanating from the fresh calamus origin a calming feeling in the brain, besides, this soothing effect alleviates depression, stress, frustration, and so on.
This anesthetic result helps to relax both the mind and the body concurrently and causes quality and deep sleep.
11. Acting as Natural Sedative
Asarone oil extracted from the roots of the plant Calamus carries out activities that have neuro-pharmacological effects. Moreover, this oil has the home of a calming impact on the nerves and they likewise act as a natural anesthetic.
This asarone oil minimizes occasional stress by lowering certain procedures that take place spontaneously, and studies have actually revealed that these have lasting relaxing impacts on mice.
12. Dramatically Treats Impotency
These are very beneficial for both males and females as they have aphrodisiac homes that can excite aphrodisiacs in Calamus roots. Usually, in a lot of families, sexual relations is broken down for different factors consisting of physical disorders.
Although different medications are prescribed for these disorders, they do not provide complete satisfaction, but rather cause adverse effects. But Calamus enhances sexual life as it produces natural results with no negative effects.
Take Piper Longum, Acorus Calamus, Saussurea Lappa, Datura Seeds, and Withania Somnifera in equivalent proportions and grind well without including water. Grind to a great powder and sort through a sieve.
Take 10 g of this mixture and mix it with ghee or milk and apply it on the male genitals for 21 to 41 days. You can get the very best lead to completion.
13. Used for Hair-Related Problems
Calamus root extract is used to deal with hair and scalp related problems such as hair loss, rough hair, dull hair, gray hair, thin hair, baldness. This is why this juice is an essential component in different hair care products.
Take a teaspoon of Calamus root powder and mix it with 2 teaspoons of cold coconut milk to make a paste. Apply this paste on locations with heavy hair loss, leave it to dry for 25 to thirty minutes, and then clean it off. Doing this treatment as soon as a week can solve the problem of loss of hair.
14. Avoid Virus/Bacterial Infections
Calamus root has high antibacterial residential or commercial properties, so utilizing it internally or externally can successfully avoid infections in the body. Furthermore, the antibiotic nature of these does not permit any hazardous biological development in the body.
15. Enhance the Quality of Memory
Numerous human research studies have revealed that the company root of the calamus plant improves the quality of memory. Memory loss can be brought on by a variety of factors, consisting of trauma, aging, brain injury, and cerebral hemorrhage.
Calamus root is advised in crucial medical practices consisting of Ayurveda to enhance memory. Mix a pinch of calamus root powder, 1 cup milk, and 1/2 teaspoon honey well.
If you take this mixture frequently in the early morning and evening for a month, your memory, wisdom, and intelligence will slowly enhance.
16. Improve Cravings
Current research study reveals that Calamus root has appetite-enhancing residential or commercial properties. The drug, which is made by combining both maitake mushroom and Calamus root, assists to treat anorexia. The root of this seasonal plant assists to increase appetite and likewise assists to reduce a few of the problems by controlling the level of acidity that develops in the gut.
17. Aids in Treating Sinus Congestion
The roots of this plant are recommended for the treatment of sinus blockage (development of mucus contents in the air bags), sinus cold, and sinus headaches. The powder of Calamus root causes sneezing when applied to the nose, thus expelling all the dust in the trachea and cleaning it.
18. Provides Respiratory Reliefs
Respiratory disorders such as sinus problems and bronchitis can have a significant influence on a person’s typical life, and these disorders can happen naturally or as an adverse effects of particular other diseases in the body.
The majority of people are highly encouraged to use Calamus root for respiratory problems. Inhaling the scent of calamus root clears contaminants in the respiratory tracts also cleanses the circulatory and respiratory systems.
19. Deals With Arthritis and Epilepsy
Finely grind the dried root of Calamus to become a paste and then heat it somewhat. Using this warm paste on the uncomfortable locations lowers pain and cramping. This paste is especially utilized to treat arthritis, joint pain, and inflammation brought on by blood clots.
Calamus has been utilized extensively in paranormal medication to deal with mental illness and epilepsy. Take equal amounts of dried calamus root, haritaki, asafetida, long pepper, black pepper, and ginger and grind it into a great paste and utilize it as a medicine for epilepsy.
20. Serve as the Best Antidote
The spontaneous processes of the body can be affected due to various adverse results. To manage these procedures, you can use the root of Calamus due to the fact that it serves as the best Antidote. Some animal and test-tube research study evidence that using this option can neutralize the adverse effects of all psychedelics.
Take In Vasambu (Calamus) Internally
Mix about 5 g of Vasambu Powder in about 100 ml of water and boil it for a couple of minutes. As soon as the water is heated, the contents must be filtered and taken independently. Drink this water before breakfast and after supper.
Mix the Calamus paste with honey and provide to the baby. It is an efficient treatment for loose motions.
The Calamus root beads are connected like a bracelet that is utilized for children. It remedies indigestion and throwing up problems when the children smell the roots. Furthermore, the smell of the Vasambu assists the babies to speak earlier and treatments speechless problems.
Use Vasambu (Calamus) Externally
Mix the Calamus powder with turmeric powder and use them to your face that treatments pimple problems.
Vasambu is used in the treatment of dandruff in Ayurvedic.
Burn the Vasambu till it relies on black in color, then swipe it in water, and make a paste-like consistency of kajal. Apply this as binding on cheeks, foreheads, and feet. Applying this paste on the infant’s navel relieves stomach issues. 
How To Plant, Prune, Fertilize, Water, Grow And Look After Acorus Sugary Food Flag Plants
Here’s a breakdown of what you need to understand relating to planting and taking care of Acorus sweet flag plants …
As pointed out above, some Acorus varieties choose a consistently wet to boggy soil while others like a drier, well-drained soil. You’ll discover these specific light and wetness requirements on this any Acorus in this site.
Soil pH is a measurement of the alkalinity or acidity of soil, which is determined on a scale of 1-14, with 7 as the neutral mark. Any measurement listed below 7 shows acid soil conditions, and anything above 7 shows alkaline.
Acorus grow in soils ranging from 5.5 to 6.5 on the pH scale. The majority of typical garden soils fall between a pH series of 6.0 to 7.0.
If you’re not sure about the pH of your soil, or whether it’s suitable for growing Acorus, it’s a great idea to test the soil pH in the planting location. You can rapidly check soil pH with an economical soil pH tester probe. To raise the pH (make more alkaline) you can add pelletized limestone to the soil. To reduce the pH (make more acid) you can apply Soil Sulfur, Aluminum Sulfate, or Chelated Iron. Including natural compost to the soil or utilizing garden compost as mulch can likewise help to increase acidity and maintain acid soil conditions.
A lot of Acorus prefer a dubious to partially shaded site nevertheless some will endure more sun. Therefore, in style and prior to planting, it’s a great idea to know the sun and moisture requirements of the particular Acorus variety you plan on growing.
Planting Acorus In Garden Beds
- If you are not tilling the soil in the entire planting area, start by digging your planting hole at least 2 to 3 times as wide and just as deep as the height of the rootball of your plant. Place native soil removed from planting hole around the border of the hole, in a wheel barrow, or on a tarpaulin. When planting in tilled soil just dig the planting hole the same size or a little larger than the rootball of the plant.
- Depending on the type of Acorus you are planting and the level of soil wetness, you might require to change the native soil. When planting in dense clay or poor soil it is often beneficial to completely mix in some excellent organic matter, such as composted manure, homemade garden compost, sand, bagged leading soil, and/or a great planting mix at a 50/50 ratio with the clay soil.
- To remove your Acorus plant from the container it was growing in, squeeze the container with your hands to loosen up the rootball and then try to really gently raise and remove it from its container. Beware not to damage your plant when removing it from its container. If the rootball is stuck in the container utilize some snips to cut the container away. After having removed the plant from the container, utilize your finger tips to gently loosen up some feeder roots around the surface area of the rootball.
- Set your plant in the planting hole so that the leading edge of the rootball is at or somewhat above ground level. If needed, you might need to include a few of your soil mixture to the bottom of the hole to achieve proper planting depth.
- After setting your Acorus plant in the planting hole, utilize one hand to hold the plant directly and your other hand to start back-filling your soil mix around the root ball, tamping as you go to remove air pockets. When you have actually filled the hole to the middle you can soak the soil. Then continue back-filling to the top edge of the rootball.
- Next, deeply water the planting area, including the root ball, to a depth equal to the height of the root ball.
- Spread out a 1-inch layer of shredded or chipped wood mulch or pine straw around the planting location to save wetness and to reduce weed growth. As the mulch disintegrates it will add important nutrients to the soil that your plants will value. Avoid using freshly broke or shredded wood for mulch up until it has cured in a pile for a minimum of 6 months, a year is better. Also avoid putting or stacking mulch directly against the base of your plant as this could trigger the stems to rot.
Planting Acorus in a Container
Acorus add a grassy texture and great color to container gardens. Plant them alone in a pot or mix them with other plants that have similar soil moisture and sun needs. Some ranges value a drier soil while others like a regularly moist or boggy soil. Many like part shade however some will tolerate complete to mainly sun. Therefore, in style and before planting, it’s a great concept to know the sun and wetness needs of the particular Acorus ranges you plan on growing. You’ll discover these specific light and moisture requirements on any and every plant page in the Wilson Bros Gardens site.
When growing in pots, I recommend using a superior quality potting mix and a container that has drainage holes. If the range of Acorus you are planting likes a lot of moisture in the soil, you can replace the potting mix with a potting soil.
Make certain to select a container that is large enough to allow for 2 to 3 years of development before shifting up to a larger size container. This might indicate your planting pot would be 4 inches or more in width than the root ball of your plant. If you will be planting other plants in the same container with your Acorus up the size of the container.
Container color will matter too. Not just will you wish to select a color of container that complements the foliage color of your Acorus, you’ll also want to choose a container that matches the design of your house or other structures and other plants in the surrounding environment.
Many nursery & & garden centers provide a wide variety of containers to select from. Prior to going out to buy a container take images of your home and the surrounding environment. Doing so will help you to choose just the ideal color and design.
Container Planting Instructions
- Prior to filling your container with the soil mix, we suggest lining the bottom with shade fabric or a porous landscape material. This will keep the drain holes from ending up being blocked with soil. Using gravel in the bottom of the container does not work well as roots will grow through the gravel and clog the drain holes.
- To remove your Acorus plant from the container it was growing in, squeeze the container with your hands to loosen up the rootball and then attempt to very gently raise and remove it from its container. Beware not to damage your plant when removing it from its container. If the rootball is stuck in the container utilize some snips to cut the container away. After having actually removed the plant from the container, use your finger tips to gently loosen up some feeder roots around the surface of the rootball.
- Put a percentage of your soil mixture in the bottom of the container. Set the rootball of your plant in the container and make necessary modifications by adding or removing some soil so that the leading edge of the root ball will sit 1/2″ to 1″ listed below the rim of the container.
- Backfill with your potting soil around root ball, tamping as you go, up until the level of potting soil is even with the top edge of root ball.
- Water completely up until water begins to drain pipes from the holes in the bottom of the container. Add more potting mix if settling takes place throughout watering.
- Apply a 1/2″ layer of bark chips or sphagnum moss to soil surface area to help conserve wetness.
Feeding Acorus Sugary Food Flag
Acorus plants are light feeders that need little if any fertilizer. Unlike lawn turfs that need regular applications of high-nitrogen fertilizer, Acorus would prefer a yearly feeding in late spring or early winter season with a natural or natural plant food. Additionally, a slow-release low-nitrogen fertilizer can be utilized.
Watering Acorus Plants
At planting time, deep soak the soil around the rootball, consisting of the rootball, to a depth equal to the height of the rootball. Afterwards, depending upon the requirements of the moisture needs of a specific Acorus variety, water as needed based on weather. Remember that the soil in containers and pots will dry out quicker than ground soil. Examine soil wetness regularly by touching the soil with your finger suggestions. Ultimately you’ll familiarize when your plants could use some water.
Pruning Acorus Plants
Many Acorus are evergreen throughout most of their growing variety and will need little if any pruning. Where not evergreen, foliage must be cut to the ground and gotten rid of in late winter season prior to brand-new growth begins to emerge. Even in regions where Acorus are evergreen, after an abnormally cold winter that damages or tarnishes foliage, plants need to be cleaned up, cut back or trimmed by two-thirds their height. 
When taken by mouth: Calamus is LIKELY UNSAFE. The FDA restricts calamus use in food products because 3 of the 4 species of calamus found on the planet consist of a cancer-causing chemical called beta-asarone. However, the amount of beta-asarone can vary extensively among species from 0% to 96%, so some items may be more secure than others. The most typical side effect from calamus is vomiting. Quick heart rate and slowed digestive motions have also been reported.
When applied to the skin: There isn’t enough trustworthy information to understand if calamus is safe or what the adverse effects might be. 
Special Safety Measures and Warnings
Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Calamus is LIKELY UNSAFE when taken by mouth during pregnancy or breast-feeding. Prevent use.
Heart conditions: Calamus may decrease high blood pressure and heart rate. In theory, big quantities of calamus might intensify heart issues in some people with heart disease.
Low high blood pressure: Calamus might decrease blood pressure. In theory, taking calamus might make blood pressure become too low in people with low blood pressure.
Surgery: Calamus can impact the central nerve system. It may trigger too much sleepiness if combined with medications utilized during and after surgery. If you are utilizing calamus regardless of security issues, stop utilizing it at least 2 weeks prior to a set up surgical treatment. 
Use of calamus and its extracts is prohibited in the US. Clinical research studies that offer info on restorative does are doing not have. Storage of the root results in a loss in potency. 
Not for usage other than under the supervision of a specialist certified in the appropriate use of this substance. We suggest that you consult with a certified healthcare specialist prior to using organic products, particularly if you are pregnant, nursing, or on any medications. 
Even though, this research studies supports the different pharmacological activities of Sweet flag great deal of scientific experiments will need to be performed in future to make use of the full prospective activities of this crop and this plant types needs to appropriately identified and saved to prevent the extinct condition.